Nobel Prizes 2020: Important Facts & List of Awardee

By Komal|Updated : July 1st, 2021

Nobel Prizes 2020: Important Facts & List of Awardee

In this article, we should read related to the Important Facts & List of Awardees of Nobel Prizes, Important for the upcoming the DSSSB (PRT & TGT).

Noble Prize Facts:-

  • Twelve laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2020, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
  •   On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his fortune to a series of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace – the Nobel Prizes.

Nobel Prizes 2020: List of Awardee

 

1. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2020

Serial No.Name of AwardeeBasic Facts
1.Roger Penrose -Roger Penrose
  1. Born: 8 August 1931, Colchester, United Kingdom
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  3. Prize motivation: "for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity."
  4. Prize share: 1/2
2.Reinhard Genzel
  1. Born: 24 March 1952, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe, Germany
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany
  3. Prize motivation: "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy."
  4. Prize share: 1/4
3.Andrea Ghez
  1. Born: 16 June 1965, New York, NY, USA
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
  3. Prize motivation: "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy."
  4. Prize share: 1/4

 

2. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020

Serial No.Name of AwardeeBasic Facts
1.

Emmanuelle Charpentier

  1. Born: 11 December 1968, Juvisy-sur-Orge, France
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany
  3. Prize motivation: "for the development of a method for genome editing."
  4. Prize share: 1/2
2.  Jennifer A. Doudna
  1. Born: 19 February 1964, Washington, DC, USA
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
  3. Prize motivation: "for the development of a method for genome editing."
  4. Prize share: 1/2

3. The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2020

Serial No.Name of AwardeeBasic Facts
1.  Harvey J. Alter
  1. Born: 12 September 1935, New York, NY, USA
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
  3. Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus."
  4. Prize share: 1/3
2.  Michael Houghton
  1. Born: 1949, United Kingdom
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
  3. Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus."
  4. Prize share: 1/3
3.Charles M. Rice
  1. Born: 25 August 1952, Sacramento, CA, USA
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
  3. Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus."
  4. Prize share: 1/3

4. The Nobel Prize in Literature 2020

The Nobel Prize in Literature 2020 was awarded to Louise Glück "for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal."

5. The Nobel Peace Prize 2020

Serial No.Name of AwardeeBasic Facts
1.

World Food Programme (WFP)

  • Prize motivation: "for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict."
  • Prize share: 1/1

 

  • The World Food Programme was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its efforts to combat hunger, promote peace in conflict-affected areas, and prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.
  • WFP was established in 1961 by the United Nations General Assembly and FAO, the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian organization and is funded by voluntary contributions from governments, organizations, and private individuals.
  • WFP works in particular to achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal of eradicating poverty and hunger. In 2019, more than 100 million people suffered from severe hunger, most of them as a result of war and conflict. The worldwide Corona pandemic did also swell the number of poor and hungry. In 2019, WFP provided emergency food assistance in 88 countries, but the organization also worked in a long-term perspective to increase local production of food and to meet the nutritional needs of women and infants.
  • The Norwegian Nobel Committee has previously awarded Peace Prizes for efforts that can prevent war and promote peace by combating hunger. The first one was presented in 1949 to FAO’s Director-General John Boyd Orr, and the second in 1970 to Norman Ernest Borlaug, “the father of the Green Revolution”.

6. The Prize in Economic Sciences 2020

  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2020
Serial No.Name of AwardeeBasic Facts
1.

Paul R. Milgrom

  1. Born: 20 April 1948, Detroit, MI, USA
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  3. Prize motivation: "for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats."
  4. Prize share: 1/2
2.Robert B. Wilson
  1. Born: 16 May 1937, Geneva, NE, USA
  2. Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
  3. Prize motivation: "for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats."
  4. Prize share: 1/2

 

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KomalKomalMember since Jan 2020
Associate at Gradeup working under community vertical. BBA, MBA, JBT & CTET PAPER 1 QUALIFIED.
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