New Education Policy 2020: The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since the previous Policy. During this period significant changes have taken place in our country, society economy, and the world at large. It is in this context that the education sector needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century and the needs of the people and the country. Quality, innovation and research will be the pillars on which India will become a knowledge superpower. Clearly, a new Education Policy is needed.
The Indian Government had initiated the process of formulating a New Education Policy through the consultation process for an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach, which takes into consideration expert opinions, field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices.
Timeline of the National Education Policy 2020
- The Committee for preparation of the draft National Education Policy submitted its report to the Ministry on 31.05.2019.
- The Draft National Education Policy (DNEP 2019) was uploaded on MHRD’s website and also at MyGov Innovate portal eliciting views/suggestions/comments of stakeholders, including the public. The draft NEP is based on the foundational pillars access, affordability, equity, quality and accountability.
- Post submission of Draft Report States/UTs Governments and Government of India Ministries was invited to give their views and comments on Draft National Education Policy 2019.
- A brief summary of the Draft National Education Policy 2019 was circulated among various stakeholders, which was also translated in 22 languages and uploaded on the Ministry’s website. Meetings with State Education Secretaries of School Education and with State Secretaries of Higher & Technical Education were held.
- An Education Dialogue with Hon’ble MPs of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka & Odisha.
- A special meeting of CABE on National Education Policy was held. In the meeting, 26 Education Ministers of various States and UTs, representatives of States and Union Territories, Members of CABE, Heads of Autonomous Organisations, Vice-Chancellors of Universities, attended the meeting along with senior officials of the Central and State Governments. Around 2 lakh suggestions on the Draft National Education Policy received from various stakeholders.
- A meeting on Draft NEP 2019 of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development was held on 07.11.2019.
- The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020 on 29th July 2020. The new policy aims to pave the way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country. This policy will replace the 34 your old National Policy on Education (NPE),1986.
New Structure of School Curriculum
1. Foundational Stage (three years of Anganwadi or pre-school followed by classes 1-2)
2. Preparatory Stage (classes 3-5)
3. Middle Stage (classes 6-8) and
4.Secondary Stage (classes 9-12)
Important Key Points of NEP 2020
New Education Policy 2020 announced on 29 July 2020.
- 10+2 board structure is being dropped now. New school structure will be 5+3+3+4.
- Up to Class 5 to be named as preschools, Classes 6 to 8 as Mid School, Classes 8 to 11 as High School, Class 12 onwards to be considered as Graduation.
- 6th std onwards vocational courses available.
- From 8th to 11 students can choose subjects.
- All graduation course will have major and minor. Example - science student can have Physics as Major and Music as minor also. Any combination he/she can choose.
- All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
- UGC AICTE will be merged.
- All University government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational etc will have the same grading and other rules.
- New Teacher Training board will be set up for all kinds of teachers in the country, no state can change.
- The same level of Accreditation to any college, based on its rating college will get autonomous rights and funds.
- The new Basic learning program will be created by the government for parents to teach children up to 3 years at home and for preschool 3 to 6.
- Multiple entries and exit from any course.
- Credit system for graduation for each year student will get some credits which he can utilize if he takes a break in the course and comes back again to complete the course.
- All schools exams will be semester wise twice a year.
- The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of any subject only. More focus on student practical and application knowledge.
- For any graduation course if student complete only one year he will get a basic certificate, if he completes two years then he will get Diploma certificate and if he completes full course then he will get degree certificate. So no year of any student will be wasted if he breaks the course in between.
- All the graduation course feed of all Universities will be governed by the single authority with capping on each course.
Agenda of the New Education Policy 2020
- An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration. NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups.
- New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and higher education. National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up
- The Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in the Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.
National Education Policy 2020 Pointers
Major Transformational Reforms in Education Sector
• University Education Commission (1948-49)
• Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
• Education Commission (1964-66) under Dr D.S. Kothari
• National Policy on Education, 1968
• 42nd Constitutional Amendment,1976-Education in Concurrent List
• National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
• NPE 1986 Modified in 1992 (Program of Action, 1992)
• T.S.R. Subramaniam Committee Report (27 May 2016)
• Dr. K. Kasturirangan Committee Report (31 May 2019)
Major Reforms in Higher Education
- 50 % Gross Enrolment Ratio by 2035
- Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education -Flexibility of Subjects
- Multiple Entry / Exit
- UG Program - 3 or 4 year
- PG Program – 1 or 2 year
- Integrated 5 year Bachelor’s / Master’s
- M Phil to be discontinued
- Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
- HEIs: Research Intensive/Teaching Intensive Universities and
- Autonomous Degree Granting Colleges
- Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)
Graded Autonomy: Academic, Administrative & Financial
• Phasing out Affiliation System in 15 years
• National Mission on Mentoring
• Independent Board of Governors (BoG)
• Single Regulator for Higher Education (excluding Legal and Medical)
• On-line Self Disclosure based Transparent System for Approvals in place of ‘Inspections’
• Common Norms for Public and Private HEIs
• Private Philanthropic Partnership
• Fee fixation within Broad Regulatory Framework
Difference Between Old Education Policy & New Education Policy
|Serial No.||Point of Distinction||Old Education Policy||New Education Policy|
|Curriculum Structure||10+2 School||5+3+3+4 school|
|Board Exams||Difficult Process||Easier & Flexible|
|MPhil courses||Continued||To be Discontinued|
|Teaching Language||English Language||Mother Tongue/Regional Language|
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