National Park in India - List of National Parks in India 2022 [State-wise] | All Major National Parks In India PDF

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : December 2nd, 2022

National Parks in India are the protected areas at a site to protect the local wildlife, flora, fauna, and natural environment. State Government notifies a sanctuary to be a National park to preserve the area for its faunal, floral, ecological, geomorphological, or zoological association of importance.

As per the latest update, there are a total of 108 National Parks in India as of 2022. They are required to conserve, enhance, or develop the local wildlife or its ecosystem.  The first national park in India was Jim Corbett National Park, named after the naturalist Jim Corbett in 1936. Below mentioned is the complete and updated list of national parks in India

Table of Content

National Parks in India

A national park is a large area that is protected by the government where a vast variety of animals, flora, fauna, and geomorphological site, and the entire ecosystem are preserved for security, education, and recreational purposes.

The national parks in India are highly secure and protected and allow minimum human interference in them. This means any activity which can harm the environment and wildlife, like hunting and poaching, is strictly prohibited at national parks.

National Parks in India - Major Highlights

Check out all the important facts and highlights below about the national parks in India. 

National Park in India 2023

Highlights

Number of National Parks in India

108

Latest addition to the total National Parks in India 2022

Raimona National Park, Assam

Who designates a National Park in India

State Government

First National Park in India

Hailey National Park is the oldest national park in India, now known as Jim Corbett national park.

Largest National Park in India

Hemis National Park is the biggest national park in India, located in Ladakh, with an area of 3350 km2.

Floating National Park in India

Keibul Lamjao National Park is a floating national park, located in Manipur

Smallest National Park in India

South Button Island National Park in Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Highest National Park in India

Hemis National Park

Tiger National Park in India

also known as Tiger Reserves

Latest National Parks in India 2022

As per the database, Raimona National Park is the latest addition to National Parks in India. Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is also under consideration of upgrading to the national park status.

  • Raimona National Park is the 6th national park in Assam. It is in the western buffer to the Manas National Park. Pekua river forms a boundary to the park.
  • There are a total of six marine national parks in India.
  • Omkareshwar National Park, MP was added in 2013.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of national parks in India with a total of 11 parks. 

List of National Parks in India

Go through the updated list of state-wise national parks in India. The list contains the state it is located in, and the year it was established. All national parks in India contribute to safeguarding the species of flora and fauna along with their habitats. 

Name of State

Name of the National Park in India

Established in

Andhra Pradesh

Papikonda National Park

1978

 

Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram)

2005

 

Sri Venkateswara National Park

1989

Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling National Park

1982

 

Namdapha National Park

1974

Assam

Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

1999

 

Dehing Patkai National Park

2004

 

Raimona National Park

2021

 

Kaziranga National Park

1905

 

Manas National Park

1990

 

Nameri National Park

1998

 

Orang National Park

1985

Bihar

Valmiki National Park

1978

Chhattisgarh

Guru Ghasidas National Park

1983

 

Indravati National Park

1975

 

Kanger Ghati National Park

1982

Goa

Mollem National Park

1978

Gujarat

Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar

1976

 

Gir Forest National Park

1965

 

Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch

1982

 

Vansda National Park

1979

Haryana

Kalesar National Park

2003

 

Sultanpur National Park

1959

Himachal Pradesh

Great Himalayan National Park

1984

 

Inderkilla National Park

2010

 

Khirganga National Park

2010

 

Pin Valley National Park

1987

 

Simbalbara National Park

2010

Jharkhand

Betla National Park

1974

Karnataka

Anshi National Park

1987

 

Bandipur National Park

1974

 

Bannerghatta National Park

1974

 

Kudremukh National Park

1987

 

Nagarhole National Park

1988

Kerala

Anamudi Shola National Park

2003

 

Eravikulam National Park

1978

 

Mathikettan Shola National Park

2008

 

Pambadum Shola National Park

2003

 

Periyar National Park

1950

 

Silent Valley National Park

1985

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh National Park

1968

 

Omkareshwar National Park

2013

 

Kanha National Park

1955

 

Kuno National Park

1981

 

Madhav National Park

1958

 

Mandla Plant Fossils National Park

1983

 

Panna National Park

1981

 

Pench National Park

1975

 

Sanjay National Park

1983

 

Satpura National Park

1981

 

Van Vihar National Park

1979

Maharashtra

Chandoli National Park

2004

 

Gugamal National Park

1974

 

Navegaon National Park

1975

 

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

1996

 

Tadoba National Park

1955

Manipur

Keibul Lamjao National Park

1977

 

Sirohi National Park

1982

Meghalaya

Balphakram National Park

1987

 

Nokrek National Park

1986

Mizoram

Murlen National Park

1991

 

Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park

1992

Nagaland

Ntangki National Park

1993

Odisha

Bhitarkanika National Park

1975

 

Simlipal National Park

1980

Rajasthan

Desert National Park

1981

 

Keoladeo National Park

1982

 

Mukundra Hills National Park

204

 

Ranthambore National Park

1980

 

Sariska Tiger Reserve

1979

Sikkim

Khangchendzonga National Park

1977

Tamil Nadu

Guindy National Park

1977

 

Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park

1986

 

Indira Gandhi Sanctuary and National Park

1976

 

Mudumalai National Park

1940

 

Mukurthi National Park

2001

Telangana

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park

1994

 

Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park

1975

 

Mrugavani National Park

1994

Tripura

Bison (Rajbari) National Park

2007

 

Clouded Leopard National Park

2007

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park

1977

Uttarakhand

Gangotri National Park

1989

 

Govind Pashu Vihar National Park

1955

 

Jim Corbett National Park

1936

 

Nanda Devi National Park

1982

 

Rajaji National Park

1983

 

Valley of Flowers National Park

1982

West Bengal

Buxa Tiger Reserve

1983

 

Gorumara National Park

1949

 

Jaldapara National Park

2012

 

Neora Valley National Park

1986

 

Singalila National Park

1986

 

Sundarbans National Park

1984

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Campbell Bay National Park

1992

 

Galathea National Park

1922

 

Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park

1983

 

Middle Button Island National Park

1979

 

Mount Harriet National Park

1979

 

North Button Island National Park

1979

 

Rani Jhansi Marine National Park

1996

 

Saddle Peak National Park

1979

 

South Button Island National Park

1987

Jammu & Kashmir

Dachigam National Park

1981

 

Kishtwar National Park

1981

 

Kazinag National Park

1992

 

Salim Ali National Park

1986

Ladakh

Hemis National Park

1981

National Parks in India PDF

Download the list of national parks in India PDF using the direct link mentioned below. 

Download List of National Parks in India

Some of the famous national parks in India are 
Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh to get sightings of tigers, Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand and Keibul Lamjao National Park to experience the Loktak lake. 

Top 10 National Parks in India

As per the area covered, here are the Top 10 National Parks in India. 

  1. HemisNational Park - 3350 km2
  2. DesertNational Park- 3162 km2
  3. Gangotri National Park - 2390.02 km2
  4. Kishtwar High Altitude National Park - 2191.5 km2
  5. Namdapha National Park - 1807.82 km2
  6. Khangchendzonga National Park- 1784 km2
  7. Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park - 1440.71km2
  8. Sunderban National Park - 1330.1km2
  9. Indravati (Kutru) National Park - 1258.37km2
  10. Papikonda National Park -1012.8588 km2

Important National Parks in India

Go through the list of Important National Parks in India, the Tiger Reserve, and Wildlife Sanctuary and why they are in News.

State

National Park, Tiger Reserve, Wildlife/Bird Sanctuary

Important Facts

Why in News

Andhra Pradesh

Atapaka Bird Sanctuary

It is located in Kolleru Lake, a Ramsar site in India.

The Atapaka Bird Sanctuary has recently become a safe breeding ground for two migratory bird species- Grey Pelicans and Painted Storks.

Andhra Pradesh

Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve

It covers the Guntur, Prakasam, and Kurnool districts of Andhra Pradesh and the Nalgonda and Mahabubnagar districts of Telangana.

It was recognized by Project Tiger in 1983

Located in the deciduous Nallamala Forests.

It covers a total area of about 3,800 sq. Km.

The number of tigers in the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve has gone up, reversing a declining trend, thanks to the efforts of the Tiger Conservation Foundation (TCF).

Arunachal Pradesh

Tally Valley Wildlife Sanctuary

It is a Wildlife Sanctuary and also a biodiversity hotspot near Zero town in Arunachal Pradesh.

Situated at an altitude of 2400 meters.

Pange, Sipu, Karing, and Subansiri rivers flow through it.

Clouded Leopard and Pleioblastus Simone Bamboo are found here.

Recently, a new non-venomous burrowing species of snake-Trachischiumapteii, was found here.

Arunachal Pradesh

Namdapha National Park

It is Largest Protected Area in the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.

It is also the third-largest National Park in India.

It is the only park in the world to be home to four cats- snow leopards, clouded leopards, common leopards, and tigers.

Hoolock Gibbons, the only ape species in India, is found here.

Recently, The Indian Airforce has inaugurated a resurfaced runway at Vijaynagar(India’s easternmost village) near Namdapha National Park.

Arunachal Pradesh

Pakke Tiger Reserve

It falls within the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.

It is also known as Pakhii Tiger Reserve.

It is famous for its four resident hornbill species.

The government of Arunachal is planning to build a 692.7 km Highway called the East-West industrial corridor through Pakke Tiger Reserve.

Assam

Kaziranga National Park

It was declared a National Park in 1974, a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985 and a Tiger Reserve in 2007.

It has also been recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International.

One-horned rhinos, tigers, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer are found here.

River Brahmaputra flows to its North, and river Diphlu runs through it.

The second wetland bird count was conducted here from 9th-10th January 2020.

Assam

Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary

It has the highest density of one-horned rhinos in the world.

It is also known as Mini Kaziranga.

72% of the sanctuary is wet Savannah.

Water hyacinth is a major problem in this Sanctuary.

Chinese pangolins and Asiatic wild water buffalo are also found here in abundance.

Recently, two Asiatic wild water buffaloes died in Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary due to anthrax.

Bihar

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

It is the only Dolphin Sanctuary in India

It spreads from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon in Bhagalpur District on the Ganga river in Bihar.

National waterways-1 passes through it.

The Ministry of Shipping is planning to restrict the speed of vessels and blow sirens and horns in the Vikramshila dolphin sanctuary to safeguard the population of the Ganges river dolphin.

Goa

Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the North Goa district.

It was formed in 1999.

It has been declared an International Bird Area by Birdlife International.

It is located in the Mahadayi river basin.

Mahadayi Wildlife Sanctuary can be declared as a tiger reserve under Project Tiger because Royal Bengal Tiger is found here.

Goa

Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in South-Eastern Goa.

Netravali river originates from this sanctuary.

Recently, a black panther was spotted here for the first time.

Haryana

Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

It is spread across the Gurugram and Faridabad districts of Haryana.

It is at the end of the Aravali Biodiversity Corridor.

Recently, The Ministry of Environment and Forests has declared an area of 1 kilometer around the Asola-Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary as an Eco-sensitive zone where activities like commercial mining, setting up of industries, and development of major hydroelectric projects will not be allowed.

Karnataka

Bandipur Tiger Reserve

It was formed in the year 2007.

It is located at the tri-junction of Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu states.

It is the largest Protected Area in South India.

It has the second-highest Tiger population in India and the largest habitat of wild elephants in South Asia.

it is a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Moyar River flows through it.

It shares a boundary with Nagarhole National Park, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mudumalai National Park.

National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) convened an inter-state meeting of senior forest personnel from Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu at Bandipur in June 2019.

Karnataka

Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the Chamrajanagar district of Karnataka.

Shola forest is found here in higher altitudes.

Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is set to be declared a tiger reserve soon, taking the total number of Tiger Reserves in Karnataka to six.

Karnataka

Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary

It was formed in 1987.

It is located in Karnataka's Chamrajanagar, Ramanagar, and Mandya districts.

Important species are Crocodiles, Otters, and Hump-backed Mahseer Fish.

Recently, reports about several wild elephants dying of electrocution have come up.

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh National Park

It is located in the Umariya district of MP in the Vidhya Ranges.

It was declared National Park in 1968 and Tiger Reserve in 1993.

Recently, an elephant colony was found in Bandhavgarh Reserve Forest for the first time.

Madhya Pradesh

Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the Sagar district of MP.

It spreads across the Narmada and Ganga river basins.

It is a Potential Site for Cheetah re-introduction in India from Africa.

Recently, a successful tiger relocation program was carried out here.

Madhya Pradesh

Van Vihar National Park

It is located in Bhopal.

Many free Ranging animals like Chital, Sambhar, Chousingha, etc., and white tigers, leopards, hyenas, and sloth bears are present.

Here an amalgamation of natural habitat and modern concept of Zoo management is present.

Madhya Pradesh

Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary

It is located in the Bhopal-Raisen forest division of Madhya Pradesh.

It covers an area of about 890 sq. km.

It has around 40 tigers.

Recently, The Madhya Pradesh government has decided to declare the Ratapani Wildlife Sanctuary a Tiger Reserve.

Odisha

Nalbana Bird Sanctuary

It is the core area of the Ramsar site in Chilika Lake.

The Island disappears during the Monsoon due to flooding and re-emerges in the post-monsoon season.

Recently, due to the dismantling of illegal prawn gheries inside Chilika Lake, a record number of migratory birds arrived at the Nalbana Bird Sanctuary.

Rajasthan

Sariska Tiger Reserve

It is located in the Alwar district of Rajasthan.

Famous for Royal Bengal Tiger.

It's a part of Project Tiger.

Kankarwadi fort and pandupole temple are located within the reserve.

Recently, the 13th session of the Ministry of Tourism’s DEKHO APNA DESH webinar titled- Destination-Sariska Tiger Reserve' was held here.

Telangana

Papikonda National Park

It is located in the Khammam district of Telangana and East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh.

It is spread across an area of over 1012.86 sq. Kms.

It was declared a National Park in 2008.

Godavari River flows through it.

Deciduous forest is found in this National Park.

Important species found here are- Tigers, mouse deer, gaur, etc.

It has been designated as an Important Bird and Biodiversity Area.

Recently, the maiden survey of butterfly species was conducted in the Papikonda National Park.

Telangana

Amrabad Tiger Reserve

It is located in Nallamala Hills.

It is India’s second-largest tiger reserve, after the Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve.

Chenchu tribe, a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group is found here.

In July 2019, A Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate change panel has recommended 'in- principle' permission for Uranium survey and exploration in Amrabad Tiger Reserve.

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa National Park

It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts.

Many tributaries of the Ghaghara River flow through it.

It is the only place in UP where both Rhinos and Tigers are found together.

Recently, the elephant safari was banned due to the shortage and aggressive nature of elephants.

Types of National Parks in India

There are two types of national parks in India. They are

  • Terrestrial National Parks: Terrestrial National Park means an area that is protected under the guidance and care of the government. This protected area is mostly spread over an area of at least 1000 hectares that protects the wildlife and preserves it on land.
  • Marine National Parks: The Marine National Parks, as the name implies, are parks designed beside bodies of water, primarily the sea and lakes, to achieve ecological sustainability and promote recreational activities that benefit coastal communities.

National Parks in India Map

Candidates can also refer to the map below to locate all national parks in India easily. 

National Parks in India

National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Know the difference between national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to better understand the role of each establishment towards safeguarding the environment. 

National Parks

Wildlife Sanctuaries

A national park is a protected area that the government takes care of to preserve wildlife.

Wildlife sanctuaries are somewhat similar to National parks but are governed by administrative bodies and private institutions.

National parks are established to save vulnerable species of flora and fauna.

Wildlife sanctuaries mostly focus on preserving birds, animals, and small insects, including reptiles.

The national parks are highly protected, and commoners' entry is strictly restricted.

Tourists can visit the wildlife sanctuaries without any restrictions.

If anyone wants to visit a national park, special permission is required.

There is no concept of official permission required to enter the wildlife sanctuaries.

The national parks are always bounded, and the government and administration officials set these boundaries.

There are no boundaries fixed for the wildlife sanctuaries.

No harmful human activity is allowed in national parks.

Although human activity is permitted still with restrictions and to specific limits.

Importance of National Parks in India

National Parks are the protected boundaries by the government to preserve nature’s wilderness area. National parks play a very important role in the environment as

  • National Parks act as the in-situ environment for wildlife.
  • The government protects National Parks to preserve the natural environment, wildlife, flora, and fauna.
  • National Parks also promote education in the field of environmental studies.
  • Establishing national parks not only aids in conserving wildlife and other living things but also promotes outdoor recreational activities.
  • It is important to have national parks as they preserve biodiversity, which, if somehow disturbed, may affect the ecosystem of a particular area on a large scale.

National Parks in India UPSC

National parks in India UPSC topic is widely covered in the subject of the environment as well as Geography UPSC syllabus. Each year at least 1 to 2 questions in the UPSC Prelims exam are fixed from this portion hence it is important to learn about national parks in India. You can refer to the UPSC Geography Books from here, to study for UPSC Prelims.

If preparing for the upcoming UPSC Exam, aspirants must be well versed with the latest list of National Parks in India 2022. Also, download the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to practice questions from the topic.

National Parks in India UPSC Question

Question: Which among the following is the ‘Mixed World heritage Site’?

  1. Kaziranga National Park
  2. Gir National Park
  3. Khanchendzonga National Park
  4. Periyar National Park

Choose the correct option from the following-

A) 1 only

B) 3 only

C) 2 and 3

D) None of the above

Correct Answer - Option B

Other Important UPSC Notes
Wildlife Protection Act 1972 Notes PDFBiosphere Reserves in India Notes for UPSC Exam
Tiger Conservation in India UPSC NotesEnvironmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Notes for UPSC
Ramsar Convention UPSC NotesNational Green Tribunal Act UPSC Notes
India State of Forest Report 2021 UPSC NotesOrganic Farming Scheme Notes for UPSC

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FAQs on National Parks in India

  • There is a total of 108 National Parks in India, spread over the area of 1.35% of the total terrestrial portion of the country. All the national parks in India are regulated by the State government and safeguard their own species and habitats. 

  • National Parks in India is home to several endemic and peculiar species that are a special attraction for a particular region. They act as a secure space for various animal species to reproduce and exist in a natural environment.

  • The oldest national park in India is Hailey National Park, now known as Jim Corbett National Park. It was established in 1936 in Nainital and is named after the hunter and naturalist Jim Corbett.

  • There are two national parks in Manipur, out of which one is the only floating national park in India, Keibul Lamjao National Park. The other National Park in Manipur is Sirohi National Park.

  • The biggest National Park in India is Hemis National Park. The Hemis national park in Ladakh is spread across 3350 km2 in area. 

  • As per the updated list of national parks in India, there are 7 national parks in Assam. The complete list if given below. 

    1. Nameri National Park
    2. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
    3. Orang National Park
    4. Dehing Patkai National Park
    5. Raimona National Park
    6. Manas National Park
    7. Kaziranga National Park
  • Depending on the area covered by each national park in India, the top 10 national parks are as follows:

    1. Hemis National Park - 3350 km2
    2. Desert National Park - 3162 km2
    3. Gangotri National Park - 2390.02 km2
    4. Kishtwar High Altitude National Park - 2191.5 km2
    5. Namdapha National Park - 1807.82 km2
    6. Khangchendzonga National Park - 1784 km2
    7. Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park - 1440.71 km2
    8. Sunderban National Park - 1330.1 km2
    9. Indravati (Kutru) National Park - 1258.37 km2
    10. Papikonda National Park - 1012.8588 km2
  • Madhya Pradesh in the state with the highest number of national parks in India. Madhya Pradesh has a total of 11 national parks. Th complete list is given below. 

    • Bandhavgarh National Park
    • Omkareshwar National Park
    • Kanha National Park
    • Kuno National Park
    • Madhav National Park
    • Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
    • Panna National Park
    • Pench National Park
    • Sanjay National Park
    • Satpura National Park
    • Van Vihar National Park
  • Out of all the national parks in India, the following are the best national parks for sighting tigers. 

    • Bandhavgarh National park 
    • Kanha national park
    • Ranthambore national park
    • Pench National Park
    • Satpura National Park
    • Tadoba National Park
  • The Great Himalayan national park is located in the Banjaar area of the Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is near Shimla and is located in Western Himalayas.

  • Punjab is a state that doesn't have any national parks. 

  • City Forest National Park, also known as Salim Ali national park, is located in Jammu and Kashmir. 

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