National Highways in India - List of Total NH in India, UPSC Notes

By K Balaji|Updated : November 8th, 2022

The national highways in India are a network of compartment roads owned by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Presently, the longest amongst the National Highways in India is National Highway 44, stretching over 4,112 km. Most existing highways are nowadays four-lane roads (two routes in separate directions) and are in the process of being developed to six or more lanes. Some divisions of the network are toll highways.

There are 599 national highways in India, built and supervised by public works departments (PWD) of state governments, the National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL), and the Central Public Works Department (CPWD). This article will illustrate the total number of national highways in India, their state-wise length, and important facts about them.

Table of Content

List of Important National Highways in India 2022

The table indicates the list of national highways in India, their old and new highway number, and the Indian states or union territories through which they run.

National Highways in India Old Number

National Highways in India New Number

Serial No. in NH Act, 1956

States/Union Territories through which it Runs

NH 9

NH 65

196

Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana

NH 8 D

NH 151

171

Gujarat

NH 8 C

NH 147

154

Gujarat

NH 8 A

NH 41

139

Gujarat

NH 8

NH 48 (Golden Quadrilateral)

157

Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu

NH 79

NH 156

184

Rajasthan

NH 7 A

NH 138

131

Tamil Nadu

NH 7

NH 135

123

Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh

NH 56

NH 731

110

Uttar Pradesh

NH 55

NH 110

34

West Bengal

NH 5

NH 6

NH 60

NH 217

NH 16 (Golden Quadrilateral)

49

Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal

NH 47 C

NH 966 A

204

Kerala

NH 47 A

NH 966 B

205

Kerala

NH 47

NH 544

147

Kerala, Tamil Nadu

NH 4 B

NH 348

161

Maharashtra

NH 4 A

NH 748

165

Goa, Karnataka

NH 39

NH 129

98

Assam, Nagaland

NH 38 & NH 153

NH 315

45

Assam, Arunachal Pradesh

NH 35

NH 112

37

West Bengal

NH 30

NH 319

65

Bihar

NH 3

NH 50

NH 60

188

Maharashtra

NH 2B

NH 114

40

West Bengal

NH 2A

NH 519

66

Uttar Pradesh

NH 24

NH 530

102

Uttar Pradesh

NH 23

NH 320

71

Jharkhand

NH 223

NH 4

12

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

NH 21

NH 22

NH 95

NH 5

13

Chandigarh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab

NH 2

NH 19 (Golden Quadrilateral)

63

Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal

NH 18

NH 4

NH 40

136

Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh

NH 152

NH 127 A

87

Assam

NH 12

NH 45

336

Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh

NH 11 A

NH 148

158

Rajasthan

NH 11

NH 21

73

Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh

NH 1 B

NH 244

144

Jammu & Kashmir

NH 1 A and NH 1 D

NH 1

1

Jammu & Kashmir

History of National Highway in India

The National Highways Act (1956) provided the state's investment in constructing and maintaining the national highways in India. The National Highways Authority of India was founded by the National Highways Authority of India Act 1988.

Following was the sequence of events in the history of national highways.

Year

Important Events related to National Highway in India

1998

Launched a huge program of highway upgrades called the National Highways Development Project (NHDP).

Highways linking Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata were fully paved and broadened into four-lane highways.

2010

A new systematic numbering system (based on the orientation and the geographic place of the highway) was adopted by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

2014

Initiated the functioning of National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited.

2018

Bharatmala, a centrally-sponsored and funded highways project of the Government of India, was started

2021-2022

Phase I of the Bharatmala project concerns the building of 34,800 km of highways.

Functions of NHIDCL or National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited

National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited, abbreviated as NHIDCL, is a Government company owned by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

  • It was assembled to create, support, and handle the national highways in India and other infrastructures.
  • It works as a specialized agency in border and high-altitude zones.
  • It was committed to upgrading regional connectivity in regions that share international borders.
  • It is liable for managing National Highways in the mountainous topography of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Ladakh, the North-East part of India, and Uttarakhand.
  • NHIDCL is also making logistic epicenters such as container depots, bus dockyards, computerized multilevel parking of cars, etc.

Total National Highway in India Length (State-Wise)

Comprehend the total number of national highways in India, their overall length, and know which is the longest national highway in India. The National Highways in India's total length is 132500 Kms.

State

Length of National Highways in India (in Kms)

Maharashtra

17756.6

Uttar Pradesh

11736.8

Rajasthan

9988.8

Madhya Pradesh

8772.3

Karnataka

7334.8

Tami Nadu

6741.5

Gujarat

6635

Andhra Pradesh

6529.5

Odisha

5761.5

Bihar

5030.6

Assam

3908.5

Telangana

3795.5

Punjab

3769.5

West Bengal

3664.5

Chattisgarh

3605.8

Jharkhand

3366.8

Haryana

3097.6

Uttarakhand

2949.3

Himachal Pradesh

2606.9

Arunachal Pradesh

2537.4

Kerala

1781.6

Manipur

1750.3

Nagaland

1547.7

Mizoram

1422.5

Meghalaya

1155.6

Tripura

853.8

Sikkim

463

Goa

292.9

Interesting Facts about NH in India

The government undertook the Bharatmala Project to build Economic Corridors with approximately 26,000 km length, accompanying North-South, East-West (NS-EW), and Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) Corridors anticipated holding the major shipment traffic on highways.

  • National highways in India are designed by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
  • The authority to declare any route as a National Highway in India lies in the hands of the Central Government, which incorporates it into the Schedule.
  • The growth, care, and surveillance of the national highways of India are supervised by the self-supported body called the NHAI, or the National Highways Authority of India.

National Highways in India Map

The map indicates the major national highways in India. The map illustrates the complete details of the national highways in India.

National Highways in India Map

National Highways in India for UPSC Exam

Aspiring UPSC candidates must be aware of the list of major national highways, a crucial fixed GK topic. Questions can be asked in UPSC prelims regarding the national highway. IAS Exam aspirants should know the relevant facts about the National Highways in India as it is an essential topic that comes under the Geography section of the UPSC exam.

National Highways In India UPSC Notes PDF

Aspirants should be well-versed in the National Highways in India topic. They can also refer to Geography Notes for UPSC to avoid skipping any important part of the Geography syllabus from where questions can be put up in the Prelims and Mains exam.

Important Notes for UPSC
Koppen Climate ClassificationKalinga War
EcotoneIndian National Movement
Functions of ParliamentPlanning Commission Of India
First Round Table ConferenceProportional Representation
VolcanoConstitutional, Non-Constitutional, Statutory, and Quasi-Judicial Bodies in India

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FAQs on National Highways in India

  • There are 599 National Highways in India, as per the latest report of the Ministry of Road, Transport, and Highways. They are built and supervised by public works departments (PWD) of state governments, NHIDCL, and CPWD.

  • NH-44 is regarded as the longest National Highway in India according to the old numbering approach of National Highways. This highway extends from Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) to Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu), enfolding a distance of 3,806 km.

  • Uttar Pradesh has the largest Indian National Highways. Only three other states that have a route length of more than 5000 Kms are:

    • Maharashtra 
    • Rajasthan
    • Gujarat.
  • Old NH-1 was the first National Highway in India, and it connected Delhi to Attari in Punjab, close to Indo-Pak Border. NH 1 links the Union Territories of Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh as per the new numbering system.

  • The shortest NH in India is NH766EE, running from Hettikeri to Belekeri port in Karnataka and traversing 4.27 km of length. The two shortest national highways in India are NH 118 and NH 548.

  • NH 44 encircles the North-South Corridor of NHDP, legally recorded as extending from Srinagar to Kanyakumari, covering a distance of 4,112 km. It is considered to be the longest national highway in India. In contrast, NH7 passes through Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, and Uttarakhand and extends for a distance of 845 km.

  • National Highway 1 (NH 1) in India lengthens between the union territories of Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir. It includes old NH1D and NH1A, and the digit 1 implies that it is the northernmost East-West highway in India, according to the new numbering system.

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