The National Bee Board was constituted in the year 2000 by the Small Farmers’ Agri-business Consortium (SFAC) with the objective to develop beekeeping in India and improve it. The board was registered as a ‘society’ following the guidelines of the Societies Registration Act, 1860. It was reconstituted in June 2006.
The board is currently engaged in the implementation of the Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalayan State (HMNEM) and the National Horticulture Mission (NHM). The National Bee Board has its headquarters in New Delhi, India.
As a part of the UPSC Syllabus, this topic requires thorough attention on the part of the students. You are required to go through the details stated below.
Objectives of the National Bee Board
Also known as the National Honey Bee Board, the society’s main objective is to promote scientific beekeeping and increase the sustainability of the process in India. This, in turn, has a direct impact on increasing the overall productivity of the crops by encouraging the process of pollination. Scientific beekeeping increases the production of honey which benefits the farmers and the beekeepers, sustaining their source of livelihood.
The National Bee Board contributes to the sustainable living of the farmers and the beekeepers. This further leads to the sustainability of the environment by proper maintenance of the ecological balance. Thus, for IAS Exam, you should know the board’s objectives and functions thoroughly.
India’s Honey Bee Industry
The honey bee industry in the country is constantly benefitted by the contributions of the National Bee Board. According to the data collected by the Food and Agricultural Organization in 2017-18, globally, India ranks 8th when it comes to honey production. It is projected that India has the potential to have somewhat 200 million colonies for bees in the future. The present figure of bee colonies in the country is 3.4 million.
The increase in the overall count of bee colonies will be highly advantageous for the country’s agricultural income. This will have a positive impact on the production of other products derived from the honey bee industry, such as beeswax. The overall horticultural and agricultural productivity will find a surge with the increase in bee colonies. The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare and the National Bee Board have brought up recent data showing a major surge in the amount of honey exported by India. These figures jumped to 51.5 thousand tonnes in 2017-18 from an initial figure of 29.6 thousand tonnes in 2014-15.
The National Bee Board UPSC syllabus will cover the details mentioned above with much importance. You are required to pay in-depth attention while going through these details.
Beekeeping Schemes in India
The National Bee Board schemes revolve around the Indian government’s plans to better the prospects of the honey bee industry of the country. These schemes are coordinated by the National Bee Board to develop the nucleus stock of the honey bees. These schemes have other objectives too that include:
- Effective distribution of the colonies for honey bees
- Increasing the beekeeping equipment in the hands of the farmers
- Increasing the prospects of bee breeding in the country
One of the most important schemes brought up by the Government of India in this context is the Mission for Integrated Horticulture (MIDH) scheme. The objective of this scheme is to increase the pollination support for the horticultural crops in India.
The UPSC Prelims will include questions regarding this topic. The details analysed above must be studied with a critical view on the various related aspects.
Frequently Asked Questions on the National Bee Board
Which is the highest honey-producing state in India?
Punjab is the highest honey-producing state in India. It has about 35,000 beekeepers that deliver the highest amounts of honey compared to any other Indian state. With about 15,000 metric tonnes of honey production, Punjab covers above 39% of the total honey production of India.
Which is the highest honey-producing country in the world?
China is the highest honey-producing country in the world. Being the largest beekeeping nation, China is also the largest honey exporter globally. The average annual honey production in China is somewhat 650,000 tons.
What is the National Beekeeping Honey Mission?
The National Beekeeping Honey Mission (NBHM) is a scheme implemented by the National Bee Board. The scheme aims for the holistic development of the beekeeping industry in the country.