Name the Highest Plateau in the World

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 6th, 2022

The Tibetan Plateau is the highest plateau in the world. Not only is it the highest plateau, but it is also the largest plateau in the world. It is also referred to as the 'Roof of the World'.

The Qing-Zang or the Tibetan Plateau, also known as the Himalayan Plateau in India, is a vast elevated plateau in South Asia and Central Asia that encompasses the majority of the Tibet Autonomous Region, most of Qinghai, the western half of Sichuan, the southern Gansu provinces in Western China, the southern Xinjiang, the Indian regions of Ladakh and Lahaul and Spiti, as well as Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan, northwestern Nepal It covers an area of around 2,500 kilometers (1,600 miles) east to west and 1,000 kilometers (620 miles) north to south.

The Highest Plateau in the World

The Tibetan Plateau is one of the richest places in terms of biodiversity and ecological impact. It is because of the stated reasons;

  • Most streams and rivers in the surrounding areas, including the three longest rivers in Asia, the Yellow, Yangtze, and Mekong, have their drainage basins on the Tibetan Plateau.
  • The Himalayas, the tallest mountain range in the world, are located on the Tibetan Plateau. Because they contain the most ice and glaciers outside of the northern and southern poles, the Himalayas are occasionally referred to as the "Third Pole." For billions of people, alpine springs and glacier melt serve as water towers. Rivers leaving China and traveling across continental Asia are nourished by fluids coming from the plateau. According to researchers, the Himalayas have an impact on meteorological patterns, which aid in the forecasting of rainfall and flood cycles.
  • The Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna, Mekong, and Indus basins, which are the largest in terms of area and people served, are the most important transboundary river basins created by the Himalayan rivers.
  • Science continues to be interested in how the Tibetan Plateau is being affected by climate change.

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FAQs

  • The Tibetan Plateau, also known as the Qinghai-Tibetan (Qingzang) Plateau, is in Kashmir. Ladakh is the province where the Tibetan Plateau is located in India.

  • Due to its enormous height from the mean sea level, it is known as "the Roof of the World".

    It is surrounded by mountain ranges that contain Mount Everest and K2, the two highest summits in the world. It is the result of the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate colliding.

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