Mughal Empire Questions and Answers - Download PDF [Free]

By Brajendra|Updated : March 25th, 2022

Mughal age is very important in Modern History from where 3-4 questions are asked in the various competitive exams like UPSC, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPSC etc. In this post, we are sharing you with the Mughal Empire Questions and Answers PDF in Hindi & English. Mughal Empire Questions and Answers PDF includes questions from Babur to Later Mughals with their administration, architecture etc.

Mughal Empire Questions and Answers

  1. At what age did Babur succeed to the throne of Farghana in Trans Oxiana?
    Answer: At the minor age of Twelve (Year 1494 )
  2. Who sent an ambassador to Babur and invited him to displace Ibrahim Lodi in India?
    Answer: Daulat Khan Lodi sent his son Dilawar Khan ;
    Probably a messenger from Rana Sanga also arrived.
  3. When was the First Battle Of Panipat fought?
    Answer: 20th April, 1526; Between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi.
  4. Which gun device was used by Babur in the First Battle of Panipat against Ibrahim Lodi?
    Answer: Ottoman (Rumi) Device
  5. During which Battle did Babur declared Jihad and assume the title of Ghazi in India?
    Answer: Battle of Khanwa (1527) against Rana Sanga
  6. Babur enjoyed the prestige of being the descendant of which two famous Asian warriors?
    Answer: Changez Khan(on mother's side) and Timur(on father's side)
  7. Tuzuk-i-baburi, the autobiography of Babur was written in which language?
    Answer: Chagtai Turkic
  8. When was the First attack of Babur in India?
    Answer: Bajaur in 1519.
  9. Which Mughal King popularised the use of Gun Powder and artillery in India?
    Answer: Babur
  10. Who built a new city of Dinpanah at Delhi?
    Answer: Humayun
  11. Which Rajput Queen sent a rakhi to Humayun when Bahadurshah of Gujarat attacked Chittor?
    Answer: Rani Karnavati
  12. Which fort was known as the gateway of Eastern India?
    Answer: Fort of Chunar
  13. Who commanded the regions of Kabul and Qandhar during Humayun's reign?
    Answer: Humayun's younger brother Kamran
  14. Which Mughal monument marked a new beginning in the style of architecture in north India with the Dome made of marble as it's most remarkable feature?
    Answer: Humayun's Tomb
  15. Who became the wakil of Mughal kingdom during the initial years of Akbar's reign?
    Answer: Bairam Khan
  16. Bairam Khan rallied the Mughal forces under which title?
    Answer: Khan-i-khanan
  17. When was the second battle of Panipat fought?
    Answer: 5 November 1556
  18. Where did Akbar saw the sea for the first time?
    Answer: At Cambay in Gujarat
  19. Which Mughal Emperor instituted a new system of land revenue viz. Dahsala in the kingdom?
    Answer: Akbar (In 1580 AD)
  20. What were the names given to cultivated land and uncultivated land during Mughal era?
    Answer: Polaj (Cultivated) , Parati (Fallow)
  21. How many categories were there in every rank (Mansab)?
    Answer: Three Categories
  22. Even though Mansabdari system under Akbar was distinct in the world, perhaps it's origins can be traced back to which king?
    Answer: Changez Khan, he organised the army on a decimal
  23. The territories of the Mughal kingdom were divided into which categories?
    Answer: Jagir, Khalisa, Inam
  24. Who was the head of the revenue department under Mughal administration?
    Answer: Wazir
  25. Who was the head of the military department and intelligence under Mughal administration?
    Answer: Mir Bakshi
  26. Who were the Barids and Waqia-navis in Mughal administration?
    Answer: Intelligence officers and News Reporters, respectively
  27. Which officer was in charge of the imperial household in Mughal administration?
    Answer: Mir Saman
  28. Which department was headed by chief qazi in Mughal administration?
    Answer: Judicial Department
  29. Jazia, a tax which was levied on non muslims, was abolished by Emperor Akbar in which year?
    Answer: 1564 AD
  30. Who built Ibadat Khana/Hall of Prayer in Fatehpur Sikri?
    Answer: Emperor Akbar
  31. Which missionaries came to Akbar's court from Goa and stayed here for a period of three years?
    Answer: Aquaviva and Monserrate
  32. Emperor Akbar implemented the policy of 'Sulh-i-Kul', what is the literal meaning of it?
    Answer: Peace with all
  33. Who wrote Humayun-Nama the biography of Mughal king Humayun?
    Answer: Gulbadan Begum
  34. Who visited Jahangir's court as an ambassador to James I, the king of Britain?
    Answer: Sir Thomas Roe
  35. Which port of Gujarat was known as the Gate of Makka (Babul Makka) in Mughal times?
    Answer: Surat
  36. Which Mughal prince emerged victorious in the Battle of Dharmat?
    Answer: Aurangzeb (15 April 1658)
  37. Where did East India Company establish their first factory with the permission of Mughal Emperor Jahangir?
    Answer: Surat
  38. The peasants who owned the land they tilled were called?
    Answer: Khudkashi
  39. Mention the cash crops that were cultivated during the Mughal era.
    Answer: Cotton, Indigo, Sugarcane, oilseeds, etc.
  40. Coins were made of which metal in the Mughal era?
    Answer: Silver
  41. Which Mughal garden exists in Kashmir even today?
    Answer: Nishant Bagh
  42. Which monument was built by Akbar as a memento of his victory in Gujarat?
    Answer: Buland Darwaza
  43. Which Mughal king died by a sudden fall from the staircase?
    Answer: Humayun
  44. Which Mughal king started a new religion named Din-e-Ilahi?
    Answer: Akbar
  45. The practice of building a structure entirely of marble and to decorate the walls in floral designs with precious stones is called?
    Answer: Pietra Dura
  46. The largest number of books on classical Indian music in Persian was written during the rule of which Mughal king?
    Answer: Aurangzeb
  47. Who was given the status of First Lady of the kingdom by Emperor Aurangzeb?
    Answer: Jahanara, daughter of Shah Jahan
  48. Mughal art of painting reached it's zenith during the rule of which Mughal king?
    Answer: Jahangir
  49. Which Mughal king was referred to as 'Zinda Pir' / 'a living saint'?
    Answer: Aurangzeb
  50. Which officers were appointed by Aurangzeb to see whether people live their lives as per the shara?
    Answer: Muhtasibs
  51. Which Mughal Emperor discontinued the practice of Jharokha Darshan (showing himself to public from the balcony)?
    Answer: Aurangzeb
  52. Which artists are credited with the genesis of Mughal School of miniature painting?
    Answer: Mir Sayyed Ali and Abdus Samad Khan
  53. Hamza Nama and Tuti Nama, the most decorated work in Mughal Painting were made during the rule of which Mughal king?
    Answer: Akbar
  54. Who are the only two emperors of the Mughal Emperor who wrote their biographies?
    Answer: Babur and Jahangir
  55. Padshah nama written by Abdul Hamid Lahori, gives a detailed account of which Mughal king?
    Answer: Shah Jahan
  56. Ustad Isa is accredited as the architect of which Mughal monument?
    Answer: Taj Mahal
  57. The Mughal empire expanded it's territories to it's peak during whose reign?
    Answer: Aurangzeb
  58. Which Persian garden style was adopted by Mughals in monument architecture?
    Answer: Charbagh Style
  59. Who defeated Malva's ruler Medani Roy in the battle of Chanderi?
    Answer: Babur
  60. In which battle, Humayun completely lost against Sher Shah?
    Answer: Battle of Bilgram(1540)
  61. Where did Bairam Khan coronate Akbar?
    Answer: Kalnaur
  62. Akbar installed the statues of which Rajput commanders for their bravery after the siege of Mewar?
    Answer: Jaymala and Fatehsingh
  63. Who translated Tuzuk-i-Baburi in Persian?
    Answer: Abdur Rahim Khan i Khana
  64. Who was the only luminary of Akbar's court to accept Din-e-Ilahi?
    Answer: Birbal
  65. Which Mughal King introduced Do-Aspa and Si-Aspa system in Mansabdari?
    Answer: Jahangir
  66. Which Mughal king brought Kabul and Kandhar under Indian Empire only after Kushanas?
    Answer: Babur
  67. Which Mughal Emperor forbade the inscription of kalma on coins?
    Answer: Aurangzeb
  68. Sher Shah Suri initially served in the army of Mughals under which King?
    Answer: Babur
  69. Where was Akbar born?
    Answer: Amarkot
  70. Who were the hereditary owners of land during the reign of Akbar?
    Answer: Qanungo
  71. What was the real name of Sher Shah Suri?
    Answer: Farid
  72. Why did Sher Shah Shah get the title of 'Sher Khan' from his the then patron Bahar Khan Lohani?
    Answer: For Killing a tiger
  73. What was the extent of Sher Shah Suri's empire?
    Answer: From Bengal to Indus (Except Kashmir)
  74. During which campaign, Sher Shah Suri got severely wounded due to the bursting of the gun and subsequently died of it?
    Answer: Siege of Kalinjer in 1545
  75. Who was the royal historian of Sher Shah Suri?
    Answer: Abbas Khan Sarwani
  76. Under whose rule, the roads and sarais came to be known as 'the arteries of the empire'?
    Answer: Sher Shah Suri
  77. What was the share of the state in the land revenue during Sher Shah Suri's reign?
    Answer: one-third of the produce
  78. Where is the tomb of Sher Shah Suri?
    Answer: Sasaram, Bihar
  79. Which Suri king restored the Grand Trunk Road from Indus to Sonargaon in Bengal?
    Answer: Sher Shah Suri
  80. Which silver coin was introduced by Sher Shah, which was also used by subsequent Mughal kings?
    Answer: Rupia
  81. The area under cultivation, the types of crops, and revenue share was written on paper in Sur administration. What was this system known as?
    Answer: Patta System
  82. When did Sher Shah say that 'for a few grains of millet I almost lost the entire empire of India'.
    Answer: After the Battle of Giri Sumel (1544)
  83. Who originally introduced the Ryotwari system?
    Answer: Sher Shah Suri
  84. Rohtas fort in Pakistan was built during the rule of?
    Answer: Sher Shah Suri
  85. Which copper currency was issued by Sher Shah Suri?
    Answer: Dam

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Priyal Rastogi
Thanks a lot
Kiran Charimanda
we need more pdf on history and poltics
Vicky Soni

Vicky SoniApr 23, 2019

Goods question, thanks
Vidyanand Ram
Thanks a lot Sir
Mukesh Kumar Rawat
Nice question Mughal Empire...

ANANDA BABUMay 11, 2020

Can u please upload the questions in Tamil. Its my kindly requested for u

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