MPhil Vs PhD: What is the Difference Between MPhil And PhD Degree?

By Astha Singh|Updated : July 18th, 2022

MPhil Vs PhD: MPhil is known as the 'Master Of Philosophy, and PhD stands for 'Doctor of Philosophy. Although both degrees hold high importance in their fields, there are several parameters the MPhil Vs Phd varies on, such as Meanings, Duration, Stipended, Program Structure and much more. Usually, the title of ‘Doctor’ is usually stated to individuals who have attained the degree of PhD in a certain field. However, in some countries that do not showcase English as one of their languages, this particular title varies in the name of ‘D.Phil.’

Scroll down the full article to understand the different aspects of the variation of MPhil Vs PhD.

Table of Content

What is MPhil?

The Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is a postgraduate degree based on advanced academic research work that is rewarded to the students after completion of their course work. MPhil is also known as an academic research degree that helps the students to gain appropriate knowledge along with permitting them to become a master of a specific subject.

The candidates are expected to submit their full dissertation paper in the estimation of a minimum one-year time. The thesis (dissertation) examination takes place under the guidance of a well-respected international external examiner, who also conducts vivas on the thesis. The students who qualify for the viva conducted are granted the qualification of an MPhil degree. The students are also required to represent a presentation on the research and therefore.

What is a PhD?

A PhD is considered the highest level of a professional degree course awarded to the students on completing their research work in a particular field. The PhD provides the eligibility to the students to apply for the faculty position in colleges and universities. The students can apply for the lecturership for the subjects that they have acquired their PhD in. The students may qualify for CSIR NET, GATE and other PhD Entrance Exams to get admission to a particular university.

MPhil Vs PhD: Duration Of The Courses

The total duration to finish the MPhil program is two years. In the two years of completing the MPhil course, the first year is purely dedicated course work based on the thesis work. While working on their thesis, the students are required to refer to the research done by the other scholars as they search for the newest research in their respected field to regenerate it.

The entire PhD program holds a duration of three years. The first year is dedicated to the course work and the other two years followed are based on the thesis work. 

The time can be extended up to five years, depending on the proposal submission and the thesis's approval.

MPhil Vs PhD: Stipend

  • The students pursuing MPhil are not eligible to receive any kind of stipend throughout the duration of their courses.
  • The students pursuing PhD are given various scholarships and stipend to carry out their research work along with accommodation and some other allowances.

MPhil Vs PhD: Program Structure

The MPhil program structure consists of two significant goals as follows-

  • The first one is one-year coursework based on carrying the thesis work on a particular subject.
  • They submit their full dissertation paper in the estimation of one year under the supervision of professionals.
  • Lastly, the thesis work is examined by the superior or the external examiners.
  • Usually, the students attend a seminar, where they are required to submit the proposal of their research work that they have worked on before submitting it for the final.

The PhD program structure consists of goals as follows-

  • The students must work on the thesis work that comes with one-year coursework.
  • They need to present and defend their thesis orally.

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MPhil Vs PhD FAQs

  • MPhil stands for 'Master of Philosophy', and PhD is 'Doctor of Philosophy. Both the degrees are related to the research and course. The PhD has a higher value as the candidate can also teach in universities and education lines.

  • The total duration to finish the MPhil program is two years. In the two years of completing the MPhil course, the first year is purely dedicated course work based on the thesis. However, The entire PhD program holds a duration of three years. The first year is dedicated to the course work and the other two years followed are based on the thesis work. 

  • Both of the courses contain their own value depending on the end goal of the learner. However, a PhD is considered to be the highest level of a professional degree course awarded to the students on completing their research work in a particular field. In contrast, a Mphil is an advanced version of a post-graduate degree.

  • MPhil is known as the 'Master Of Philosophy, and PhD stands for 'Doctor of Philosophy. Usually, the title of ‘Doctor’ is usually stated to individuals who have attained the degree of PhD in a certain field. However, in some countries that do not showcase English as one of their languages, this particular title varies in the name of ‘D.Phil.’

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