Motions in Parliament- Devices of Parliamentary Proceedings, Types of Motions

By K Balaji|Updated : November 14th, 2022

The types of motions in parliament form the basis of the parliamentary devices. Devices of parliamentary proceedings ensure that the members of the Parliament comply with the procedural rules of the houses. Both houses of the Parliament express their views or opinions on a variety of issues by adopting or rejecting motions submitted by ministries or private members. The numerous types of motions in parliament are adjournment motion, call-attention motion, censure motion, call-attention motion, motion of thanks, no confidence motion etc.

The motions in parliament are a pivotal part of the devices of parliamentary proceedings. The categories of motions include substantive motion, substitute motion, and subsidiary motion. Members of the Parliament use motions in parliament to raise and resolve public issues. These procedures help the Parliament adapt to the changing public needs and allow members to effectively voice their concerns in the respective Houses. 

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Motions in Parliament -Devices of Parliamentary Proceedings

There are few rules associated with anmouncing the motions in Parliament. The acceptability of the motion in the house is dependent upon numerous factors. The Speaker possesses the rights to inquire about the motion in variable ways. The types of motions in Parliament along with their description has been provided here-

Motions in Parliament UPSC PDF

Adjournment Motion-

An extraordinary procedure is used to call the attention of the Lower House in case of an urgency, where it will be too late to give proper notice.

Call-Attention Motion

  • Used to invite the attention of the respective minister to a pressing public issue.
  • Demands an official statement in response.

Censure Motion

  • Can be moved against one minister or the entire Council of Ministers.
  • Used to censure them for some grievous actions.

Closure Motion

  • Moved by a member demanding cutting short the matter in debate.
  • A Simple Closure Motion is moved when a member feels that a matter has been sufficiently dealt with.
  • Closure by Compartments demands division of a lengthy resolution into parts.
  • Kangaroo Closure demands that only crucial parts of a resolution may be discussed.
  • Guillotine Closure is moved when undiscussed parts of a resolution are put to a vote along with the discussed ones citing the dearth of time.

Cut Motions

  • Used to oppose a demand for grants.
  • Policy Cut Motion demands a cut of Rs. 1- a symbolic measure to express dissent.
  • Economy Cut Motion demands a cut of a specific amount.
  • Token Cut Motion demands a cut of Rs. 100.

The motion of Thanks

  • The President addresses the opening session of each fiscal year and the first session following each general election.
  • If this motion cannot be passed, the government is deemed to have lost its majority.

No Date Yet Named Motion

The Speaker has approved the motion, but no date for deliberation has been set.

No-Confidence Motion

  • Based on the principle of collective responsibility.
  • If a no-confidence motion is passed, the government is said to have lost its majority.
  • A simple majority (51%).

Point of Order

Point of Order is a device of parliamentary proceedings used when a member feels that the House's proceedings do not adhere to the established rules of procedure.

Privilege Motion

  • Moved by an MP if (s)he believes that a minister violated the House privilege.
  • Used to officially condemn the concerned minister.

Special Mention

  • Matters that were not raised in other motions can be moved through Special Mention in the Upper House.
  • In the Lower House, it is called Notice Mention.

Different Categories of Motions In Parliament

There are different categories of motions in parliament based on their purposes. The major three categories such as the substantive motion, subsidiary motion, and substitute motion. Walk through the points that have been elaborated here to get the complete details of the different categories of motions in Parliament.

  • Substantive Motion- This is a free-standing manifesto that is presented in the House. It has been formulated in a way to demonstrate the proposal.
  • Substitute Motion- It is a replacement of other motions. They are associated with some other motions of the house.
  • Subsidiary Motion- The subsidiary motions are also related to the other motions in the House. There are numerous types of subsidiary motions such as the ancillary motion, superseding motions and amendments.

Formal Devices of Parliamentary Proceedings

The formal devices of parliamentary proceedings include the question hour, half an hour discussion, and duration discussion. While the informal includes the zero hour. The types of motions in Parliament comprise numerous types of motions such as the adjournment motion, call-attention motion, censure motion, and numerous other details. 

Question Hour

Members of Parliament have the first hour of each sitting session to ask questions regarding any aspect of administrative activity. The three types of questions that can be asked in the question hour are:

  • Starred Questions
  • Unstarred Questions
  • Short-Notice Questions

Half-an-Hour Discussion

The presiding officer shall allow a half-hour between 5 PM and 5.30 PM to discuss a crucial public issue that requires factual clarification.

Short-Duration Discussion

Permits members to address pressing public-interest concerns without the need to make a formal motion.

The Informal Device of Parliamentary Proceedings

The informal device of Parliamentary proceedings comprises zero hour. It follows the question hour, check out the rest of the factors concerning the informal device of parliamentary proceedings.

  • Begins at noon, immediately following Question Hour.
  • Each member gets three minutes to address a problem.
  • They have to give notice to the presiding officer before 10 AM.
Important Notes for UPSC
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana UPSCPrincipal Organs of UN
8th Schedule of Indian ConstitutionCoastal Plains of India
ColonialismArmy Chief of India
Revolutionary Movement in IndiaFreedom of Speech
Direct Tax and Indirect TaxAgro Climatic Zones of India

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FAQs on Motions in Parliament

  • The motions of parliament are the parliamentary devices that are utilized for submitting the purpose. The different categories of motions in parliament are substantive, subsidiary, and substitute motion. There are also different types of motions in accordance with their purposes in the parliament such as motion of thanks, censure motion, no confidence motion etc.

  • There are numerous types of motions that are presented and passed in the parliament. The types of motions include adjournment motion, call-attention motion, censure motion, no confidence motion, motion of thanks and privilege motion.

  • The numerous categories of motions in parliament are based in accordance with the purposes. The list of the categories of motions in parliament are-

    • Substantive motion
    • Subsidiary motion
    • Substitute motion
  • The underlying principles of the devices of parliamentary devices are at any given time, the assembly's attention must focus on one subject only.

    • Each motion is entitled to a free and open debate.
    • Every member has full and equal rights to present their views.
    • The will of the majority must be carried out, while minorities' rights must be protected.
  • The presiding officer votes on the motion by saying, "All in support of the motion say 'aye,'" and "those oppose say 'No.' The decision of passing the motion lies in the majority of the votes. Suppose if the majority of people respond as ‘aye’ then the motion will be passed. If the majority of the people are against it and respond as no then the motion will be rejected.

  • There is only one informal device of parliamentary proceedings- zero hour. It directly follows after the zero hour. Each member receives three minutes to examine the problem and express their views.

  • If an extraordinary device of Parliamentary proceeding is admitted, all other businesses of the House will be set aside for discussing the issue raised. The devices of parliamentary proceedings are of great essentiality.

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