Motions in Parliament -Devices of Parliamentary Proceedings
There are few rules associated with anmouncing the motions in Parliament. The acceptability of the motion in the house is dependent upon numerous factors. The Speaker possesses the rights to inquire about the motion in variable ways. The types of motions in Parliament along with their description has been provided here-
An extraordinary procedure is used to call the attention of the Lower House in case of an urgency, where it will be too late to give proper notice.
- Used to invite the attention of the respective minister to a pressing public issue.
- Demands an official statement in response.
- Can be moved against one minister or the entire Council of Ministers.
- Used to censure them for some grievous actions.
- Moved by a member demanding cutting short the matter in debate.
- A Simple Closure Motion is moved when a member feels that a matter has been sufficiently dealt with.
- Closure by Compartments demands division of a lengthy resolution into parts.
- Kangaroo Closure demands that only crucial parts of a resolution may be discussed.
- Guillotine Closure is moved when undiscussed parts of a resolution are put to a vote along with the discussed ones citing the dearth of time.
- Used to oppose a demand for grants.
- Policy Cut Motion demands a cut of Rs. 1- a symbolic measure to express dissent.
- Economy Cut Motion demands a cut of a specific amount.
- Token Cut Motion demands a cut of Rs. 100.
The motion of Thanks
- The President addresses the opening session of each fiscal year and the first session following each general election.
- If this motion cannot be passed, the government is deemed to have lost its majority.
No Date Yet Named Motion
The Speaker has approved the motion, but no date for deliberation has been set.
- Based on the principle of collective responsibility.
- If a no-confidence motion is passed, the government is said to have lost its majority.
- A simple majority (51%).
Point of Order
Point of Order is a device of parliamentary proceedings used when a member feels that the House's proceedings do not adhere to the established rules of procedure.
- Moved by an MP if (s)he believes that a minister violated the House privilege.
- Used to officially condemn the concerned minister.
- Matters that were not raised in other motions can be moved through Special Mention in the Upper House.
- In the Lower House, it is called Notice Mention.
Different Categories of Motions In Parliament
There are different categories of motions in parliament based on their purposes. The major three categories such as the substantive motion, subsidiary motion, and substitute motion. Walk through the points that have been elaborated here to get the complete details of the different categories of motions in Parliament.
- Substantive Motion- This is a free-standing manifesto that is presented in the House. It has been formulated in a way to demonstrate the proposal.
- Substitute Motion- It is a replacement of other motions. They are associated with some other motions of the house.
- Subsidiary Motion- The subsidiary motions are also related to the other motions in the House. There are numerous types of subsidiary motions such as the ancillary motion, superseding motions and amendments.
Formal Devices of Parliamentary Proceedings
The formal devices of parliamentary proceedings include the question hour, half an hour discussion, and duration discussion. While the informal includes the zero hour. The types of motions in Parliament comprise numerous types of motions such as the adjournment motion, call-attention motion, censure motion, and numerous other details.
Members of Parliament have the first hour of each sitting session to ask questions regarding any aspect of administrative activity. The three types of questions that can be asked in the question hour are:
- Starred Questions
- Unstarred Questions
- Short-Notice Questions
The presiding officer shall allow a half-hour between 5 PM and 5.30 PM to discuss a crucial public issue that requires factual clarification.
Permits members to address pressing public-interest concerns without the need to make a formal motion.
The Informal Device of Parliamentary Proceedings
The informal device of Parliamentary proceedings comprises zero hour. It follows the question hour, check out the rest of the factors concerning the informal device of parliamentary proceedings.
- Begins at noon, immediately following Question Hour.
- Each member gets three minutes to address a problem.
- They have to give notice to the presiding officer before 10 AM.