Monsoon Arrival in India
As discussed, the monsoon arrives in India in early June. Subsequently, it reaches the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch. By mid-June, the monsoon arrives over Saurashtra-Kuchchh and the central part of the country. The monsoon arrives in India in early June because:
- The low-pressure condition over the northern plains will intensify by early June.
- Thus, the trade winds of the southern hemisphere are attracted.
- The southeast trade winds originate over the warm subtropical areas of the southern oceans.
- They enter the Indian peninsula as a southwest monsoon by crossing the equator.
From June to September mid, India enjoys the monsoon and receives heavy rainfall. Sometimes, due to the increased amount of rainfall, a few parts get flooded. Mostly, plain areas get affected due to this. Apart from all this, some states have excellent rainwater harvesting system that helps them to use rainwater. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh are some examples of states who are doing the rainwater harvesting.