Similarities between Mitochondria and Plastids
- Plasmids and mitochondria are two-membraned organelles.
- The plastid and mitochondrial outer membranes include porin protein, which increases the layer's porosity.
- The fact that mitochondria and plasmids have some of their own DNA for protein synthesis has earned them the moniker "semi-autonomous cell organelles."
Differences between Mitochondria and Plastids
This protein is present in all eukaryotic cells.
Only found in plant cells.
The main function is cell respiration.
The main organelle involved in photosynthesis
No pigments are present.
Pigments can be found.
produces starch, which is then stored as ATP and glucose.
produces ATP and stores glucose as starch.
Mention the similarities and differences between mitochondria and plastids.
There are two membranes in both mitochondria and plastids, and porin protein is present in both structures' outer membranes. Eukaryotic cells have mitochondria, whereas plant cells only have plastids. This is one of the differences between mitochondria and plastids.