Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh.

By Trupti Thool|Updated : June 9th, 2022

In this article, we have covered the Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh and provided you with all the necessary information that is relevant for the competitive examinations. Read carefully and do not miss anything from this article. 

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Medieval History of Uttar Pradesh

  • Agra was founded by Sultan Sikander Lodhi in 1504.
  • After Sikandar Lodi, Ibrahim Lodi ascended to the throne of Agra, who was defeated by Babur in the first battle of Panipat in 1526 and Babur established the Mughal Empire.
  • Agra was the main center of education during the Mughal period. Indigo was cultivated in the adjoining areas of Agra during the Mughal period.
  • Mughal historians called Uttar Pradesh Hindustan.
  • The Agra fort was built by Akbar.
  • Noorjahan got built the tomb of his father, I'timād-ud-Daulah in Agra.
  • 'Tajmahal', Deewane Aam, Deewane Khas and 'Moti Masjid' of Agra was built during rein of Shah Jahan.
  • By the end of the twelfth century, Qutbuddin Aibak captured Kalpi (Jalaun district) and made it part of Delhi Sultanate.
  • Among Akbar's Navratanas Birbal and Todramal belonged to Uttar Pradesh.
  • Birbal belonged to Kalpi, Where evidence of Birbal's Rang Mahal and the Mughal Mint has been found.
  • Jaunpur was established by Firoz Shah Tughlaq.
  • Jaunpur was known as Shiraz-e-Hind during the reign of Sharqi dynasty.
  • Orchha ruler Beer Singh Bundela got Jhansi built-in 1613.
  • Rani Laxmibai, the wife of Gangadhar Rai, was the ruler of the independent state of Jhansi, who died while fighting against the British in the freedom struggle of 1857.
  • Laxmibhai's palace, Mahadev Temple and Mehdi Bagh are in Jhansi.
  • Because of Sheikh Salim Chishti, Akbar considered Fatehpur Sikri a sacred land.
  • From 1573-1588, it was the capital of the Mughal Empire.
  • Shahjahan shifted the Mughal capital to Delhi from Agra.
  • The last Nawab of Lucknow was Wazid Ali Shah, who was removed from Lucknow by the British in 1856 by Lord Dalhousie.
  • Mughal Emperor Akbar got his own tomb built in Sikandara (a suburb of Agra) which was later completed by Emperor Jahangir in 1613.
  • Atala Mosque, Jama Masjid or Jama Mosque or Jami Masjid or Bari Masjid  and Lal Darwaja are famous monuments of Shrqi dynasty.
  • The Atala Mosque and Jhangari Mosque of Jaunpur were constructed by Ibrahim Shah Sharqi.
  • Badaun's Jama Masjid was constructed by Iltutmish.
  • From 1707 (From the death of Aurangzeb) to 1757  (Battle of Plassey) present Uttar Pradesh had five independent kingdoms.
  • 'Treaty of Allahabad' was signed between the British and Mughal ruler Shah Alam II In 1765.
  • After the death of Shuja-ud-Daulah, Asaf-ud-Daula was a Nawab of Awadh in 1775.
  • Asaf-ud-Daula had handed over the area of the Benaras to the British by the Treaty of Faizabad (1775 ).
  • Asaf-ud-Daula got constructed Imambara in 1784 in Lucknow to celebrate Muharram.

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FAQs

  • Generally 10-15 questions are asked from History section out of which 3-4 questions are asked from Medieval History


  • First finish NCERT from class 09-10th then use Satish Chandra or S.K. Pandey book as reference book


  • You Can read old XI NCERT Book along with some standards books like Satish Chandra, S.K. Pandey as a reference book.

  • The Old Name of Uttar Pradesh was the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh

  • The last Nawab of Lucknow was Wazid Ali Shah, who was removed from Lucknow by the British in 1856 by Lord Dalhousie.


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