Medieval History of Bihar, Download PDF

By Avinash Kumar|Updated : September 5th, 2021

Medieval History of Bihar: The medieval History of Bihar is commemorated by the foreign invasion and dynasty that ruined the glory of Bihar. In medieval times Bihar lost its prestige as the political and cultural centre of India. The Mughal period was a period of unremarkable provincial administration from Delhi. The only remarkable person of these times in Bihar was Sher Shah, or Sher Khan Sur, an Afghan. 

Here, we are giving the complete study material of ‘Medieval Bihar History’ that will ease the journey of aspirants to crack the competitive examinations like BPSC and other state-level examinations.

Medieval History of Bihar

Bakhtiyar Khilji

  • He was one of the generals of Qutubuddin Aibak.
  • He destroyed many monasteries and viharas.
  • He also established the town Bakhtiyarpur.
  • He died in Bihar only. His mausoleum is also built-in Bihar Sharif.
  • During the rule of Slave dynasty, most parts of Bihar were under the control of Turks. So there was continuous fighting to gain control.
  • Lakhnauti and Tirhut rulers provided major resistance.
  • Noohani Dynasty emerged as an important dynasty in Bihar during the rule of Tughlaqs.
  • Fulchand, a ruler of Cher Dynasty started the Jagdishpur fair.

SUR dynasty

  • It was the most important dynasty of Bihar in the medieval period.
  • Bihar saw a period of glory during the rule of Sher Shah Suri.
  • The tomb of Sher Shah is built-in Sasaram.
  • Battle of Chausa, 1539 A.D. - Sher Shah defeated Humayun and took the title of Sultan-e-Adil.
  • He had a very efficient administration.
  • His revenue model was later adopted by Akbar.
  • He also constructed the present Grand Trunk road.
  • Later Akbar annexed Bihar and Bengal and added to his empire.
  • Munim Khan was made Governor of Bihar.
  • Farrukhsiyar was the first Mughal ruler to be sworn in Patna.
  • With the decline of Mughals, Bihar passed into the control of the Nawabs of Bengal.
  • After the Battle of Buxar, Bihar passed into the effective control of the British.

Note: Patna was rebuilt and named as Azimabad by subedar Azim-ush-shan who was the grandson of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Azim. 

Medieval History of Bihar, Download PDF (English)

Medieval History of Bihar, Download PDF (Hindi)

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Avinash KumarAvinash KumarMember since Feb 2017
Don't quit, suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion. -Muhammad Ali
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Mamta jha

Mamta jhaMar 28, 2021

Bihar G.k kyu nhi show kar rha h
Mamta jha

Mamta jhaMar 28, 2021

Hindi me question kyu nhi hote h sir
Deep Shikha
Thanks sir 🙏

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