Difference Between Marxism and Communism | Marxism vs Communism

By Priya Gupta|Updated : October 13th, 2022

The major difference between Marxism and Communism is that the former is a theory based on Karl Marx's ideas on the framework on which society is developed, while the latter is the actual implementation of Marxism. Communism refers to a political implementation based on general ownership in the absence of states, social class, or money; Marxism refers to an ideology given by Karl Marx: the political, social, and fiscal hypothesis that concentrates on the struggles between working and capitalists.

In this article, we have presented the views on Marxism vs Communism in a tabular form, along with the definitions of the two. You can also download the difference between Marxism and Communism PDF to access it on your device at any time for UPSC exam preparation.

Marxism vs Communism

The conversion of society into Socialism and then to Communism is the main aim of Marxism. One can say that Communism is dependent on Marxism, but there is no relation between the birth of Marxism with Communism. Check the distinction between Marxism vs Communism below, along with getting a direct link to download the PDF.

Difference Between Marxism and Communism PDF

Below is a tabular representation of the difference between Marxism and Communism:

Communism

Marxism

A political framework based on Marxist ideology is known as Communism.

A political viewpoint based on Karl Marx’s views is termed Marxism.

The practical execution of Marxism theory could be viewed as Communism.

Marxism can be deemed as the principal theory, with communism as its implementation.

A stateless community where all individuals are deemed equal and treated fairly is known as Communism.

The structure on which a state is formed is known as Marxism.

A kind of Government, the condition of a community and political action can be viewed as Communism.

Marxism is a method to see the world and an approach to evaluation.

Communism thinks of change through revolutions.

The conversion of the community into Socialism, and ultimately to Communism, is Marxism's perspective.

The existence of Communism is reliant on Marxism.

A person may not say that the origin of Marxism was reliant on Communism.

What is Marxism?

Marxism refers to the management evaluation where there is usually no distinction between poor people and affluent parties. Furthermore, based on the ideologies of Karl Marx, Marxism believes that all people must be equal and valued, and there is no distinction based on the class of people in social, political, and economic life.

What is Communism?

Communism refers to a political, social, and economic concept that aims to create a communist society with shared ownership of the medium of production. In addition, the idea of Communism is usually termed as a subset of socialism.

The prospective goal of Communism is to create a socioeconomic order and a communist society based on ideas of ownership of means of production. Thus, it might not be wrong to say that Communism is an economical, political, and social concept where every person is treated fairly.

Summary:

The key difference between Communism and Marxism is that the former is a political implementation of Marxism which is an ideology based on Karl Marx's ideas.

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FAQs on Marxism vs Communism

  • The difference between Marxism and Communism is that while Communism refers to an ideology based on general ownership in the absence of states, social class, or money, Marxism refers to an ideology given by Karl Marx that is the political, social, and fiscal hypothesis that concentrates on the struggles between working and capitalists.

  • The prospective goal of Communism is to create a socioeconomic order and a communist society based on ideas of ownership of means of production. On the other hand, Marxism refers to the management evaluation where there is usually no distinction between poor people and affluent parties. Furthermore, based on the ideologies of Karl Marx, Marxism believes that all people must be equal and valued.

  • The difference between Communism and Marxism based on their origin is that while the origin of Marxism was not reliant on Communism, the existence of Communism is reliant on Marxism.

  • The conversion of the community into Socialism, and ultimately to Communism, is Marxism's perspective. On the contrary, Communism also thinks of the same change, but the differentiating element between the two is the route that needs to be taken for the change to take place. Communism thinks of change through revolutions.

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