Maharashtra Day: History, Significance & Formation, Download PDF Notes

By Ganesh Mankar|Updated : May 1st, 2022

1st May is celebrated as Maharashtra Day (Maharashtra Divas) to celebrate the state's existence. On 1st May 1960, the Bombay Reorganization Act came into effect. This act resulted from many protests and movements that demanded the creation of an individual state. The Sanyukt Maharashtra Andolan first made this demand for a separate state. In this article, we will study the History & Significance of Maharashtra Day. 

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Maharashtra Day (Diwas)

  • Maharashtra Day, commonly known as Maharashtra Divas, is a state holiday in the Indian state of Maharashtra, commemorated on May 1, 1960, commemorating the creation of Maharashtra from the partition of Bombay. Maharashtra Day is generally associated with parades, political speeches and ceremonies, and various other public and private occasions celebrating the history and traditions of Maharashtra. The celebration of the formation of the Marathi-speaking state of Maharashtra is celebrated.

Maharashtra Day History

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  • The state of Bombay (Mumbai) was separated into two states, Maharashtra and Gujarat, in 1960. Under the State Restructuring Act, 1956, state boundaries were defined.
  • The main issue was linguistic as there was a big difference between the speakers of Marathi, Gujarati, and Konkani.
  • The demand for a separate state for Marathi speakers started in 1940, and a joint general assembly was formed in present-day Mumbai for the state movement.
  • However, the Quit India Movement and World War II pushed the conflict back.
  • For several commissions to advocate for a separate state, it took more than two decades. In 1956, the then Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru declared Bombay as a Union Territory for 5 years. Later, the Lok Sabha passed a bilingual Bombay (Mumbai) state resolution. In March 1960, the Lok Sabha passed the state resolution. A month later, the lower house approved the Mumbai State Resolution. The state of Maharashtra came into existence on May 1, 1960, with Mumbai's capital. 

Maharashtra Day Significance

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  • From speeches to colorful parades, Maharashtra commemorates this day with great enthusiasm. Most of the schools, colleges, and offices under the jurisdiction of the state and central government are closed on this day. Maharashtra Day is celebrated by a parade at Shivaji Park, Dadar, where the Governor of Maharashtra gives a speech. The state government and the private sector launch new projects and schemes on this day. On Maharashtra Day, the sale of liquor to Indians is banned across the state.

To know more about Maharashtra Day, download the PDF from the given link:

Maharashtra Day, Download PDF

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FAQs

  • A meeting was held on 6th February 1956 under the chairmanship of Keshavrao Jedhe at the invitation of SM Joshi. Accordingly, the 'Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti' was formed on February 8, 1956 on the initiative of the Left parties. It was attended by non-Congress parties.

  • 1st May is celebrated as Maharashtra Day (Maharashtra Divas) to celebrate the state's existence. On 1st May 1960, the Bombay Reorganization Act came into effect.

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