Lok Sabha Seats in India
The Lok Sabha, also known as the House of the People, is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the Rajya Sabha serving as the upper chamber. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected through adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post voting system to represent their respective districts. They serve for a term of five years or until the dissolution of the body by the President, upon the suggestion of the Council of Ministers. The chamber convenes in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi. The Constitution of India initially allowed for a limit of 500 members in the House, but it was later increased to 550. Currently, there are 543 Lok Sabha seats in India, which are filled by the election of up to 543 members.
Lok Sabha Seats State Wise
The distribution of Lok Sabha seats in India varies from state to state, reflecting the population and representation of each region. Uttar Pradesh, being the most populous state, has the highest number of Lok Sabha seats with a total of 80 seats. Maharashtra follows closely with 48 seats. Other states with significant Lok Sabha representation include West Bengal with 42 seats, Bihar with 40 seats, and Tamil Nadu with 39 seats.
Smaller states like Gujarat, Karnataka, and Rajasthan have 26, 28, and 25 seats respectively. Union territories also have representation in the Lok Sabha, with the National Capital Region, Delhi, having 7 seats. The distribution of Lok Sabha seats state-wise aims to ensure fair and proportional representation of the diverse population across the country.
Lok Sabha Members State-wise
The Lok Sabha, also known as the House of the People, comprises members who are elected to represent their respective states and union territories. The distribution of Lok Sabha members state-wise reflects the population and representation of each region. Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of Lok Sabha members with 80 seats, followed by Maharashtra with 48 seats.
This state-wise allocation of Lok Sabha members ensures that each state and union territory has its fair share of representation in the Indian Parliament, enabling a diverse range of voices and perspectives to be heard. Check out the Lok Sabha Members in each state.
|List of Lok Sabha Seats in India|
Name of the States/UTs
Lok Sabha Seats
Jammu and Kashmir
Andaman and Nicobar
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Daman and Diu
Total Lok Sabha Seats in India
The Lok Sabha has a maximum strength of 550 members. Although it was previously 552 before the nullification of the provision reserving 2 seats for Anglo-Indians by the 104th Constitution Amendment. There are 543 total Lok Sabha seats in India. Among the states, Uttar Pradesh holds the maximum number of seats with 80, followed by Maharashtra with 48 seats. In terms of union territories, the National Capital Region of Delhi (NCR) has 7 seats in the Lok Sabha.
Facts on Lok Sabha Seats State Wise
Here are some facts regarding Lok Sabha Seats state-wise allocation.
- In the 2014 Lok Sabha elections:
- Malkajgiri, Telangana had the maximum number of electors.
- Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh and Bangalore (North), Karnataka ranked 2nd and 3rd, respectively, in terms of the maximum number of electors.
- The constituencies with the least number of electors were Lakshadweep, followed by Daman and Diu, and Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir (ranking 2nd and 3rd, respectively).
Ladakh was the largest Lok Sabha constituency area-wise, spanning around 173,267 sq. km. Barmer, Rajasthan, and Kachchh ranked 2nd and 3rd, respectively.
Chandani Chowk was the smallest constituency area-wise, covering an area of 10 sq. km.
Indrajit Gupta, a communist leader, holds the record for being elected the maximum number of times (11 times) to the Lok Sabha from West Bengal.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee is the only leader to be elected from six different Lok Sabha constituencies (Balrampur, Vidisha, Lucknow, Gandhinagar, Gwalior, New Delhi) across four different states (Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi).
Lok Sabha Elections in India
Members of Parliament (MPs) are elected/appointed from states, union territories, or from a certain field of competence. Lok Sabha elections are held every five years for the appointment of ministers. The Indian Constitution establishes Universal Adult Franchise as the foundation for Lok Sabha and state legislative assembly elections.
Lok Sabha Seats Article
Following are the most important Articles related to Lok Sabha that are asked majorly from the SSC syllabus for Polity:
|Article 326 (Part XV)||Elections to Lok Sabha shall be on the basis of adult suffrage|
|Article 83 (2)||Lok Sabha will continue for 5 years, unless sooner dissolved, from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer and the expiration of the said period of five years shall operate as a dissolution of the House|
|Article 75||Council of Ministers are collectively responsible to Lok Sabha|
|Article 324||Power, superintendence of Election Commission w.r.t. Lok Sabha elections and more|
Maximum Lok Sabha Seats in India
The Constitution of India allows for a maximum of 550 members in the Lok Sabha, which was initially set at 500 in 1950. Currently, the Lok Sabha consists of 543 seats, which are filled by up to 543 elected members. Until January 2020, two additional members from the Anglo-Indian community were nominated by the President on the recommendation of the Government of India. However, this provision was abolished by the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2019.
The Lok Sabha operates for a term of five years from its first meeting, unless dissolved earlier. In case of an emergency proclamation, the term can be extended by Parliament through legislation or order.
Currently, Uttar Pradesh holds the maximum number of seats in the Lok Sabha, with a total of 80 seats. Among these, 63 seats are designated for general candidates, while 17 seats are reserved for candidates belonging to the Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST).
Lok Sabha Seats Notes PDF
The Lok Sabha plays an important role in parliamentary proceedings. Regardless of Indian politics' ups and downs, the Lok Sabha has remained a beacon of political and social ideas, a melting pot of cultural diversity. The Lok Sabha represents India's sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. Below we have attached the Lok Sabha seats notes PDF for your convivence. Candidates can download the PDF and save it for study purposes on your device.
Lok Sabha Seats in UP
One of the prominent states in terms of Lok Sabha seats is Uttar Pradesh (UP). With a total of 80 seats, UP holds the distinction of having the highest number of Lok Sabha seats among all states in India. There are 63 general seats and 17 seats for SC/ST candidates.
The allocation of Lok Sabha seats in UP is based on the population of the state and the principle of proportional representation. The seats are distributed among different regions and constituencies within the state. The largest constituency in UP in terms of population is the Ghaziabad constituency, followed by the Gorakhpur and Lucknow constituencies.
Lok Sabha Seats in Punjab
There are 13 Lok Sabha seats in Punjab. Of these, 9 are general seats, and 4 seats are designated for SC/ST candidates. The state is divided into multiple parliamentary constituencies, each representing a specific region or district within Punjab. These constituencies include Amritsar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Jalandhar, and others.
Lok Sabha Seats in Bihar
Currently, Bihar has 40 Lok Sabha seats. There are 34 general seats and 6 designated for SC/ST applicants. The Lok Sabha constituencies in Bihar include prominent ones like Patna Sahib, Darbhanga, Muzaffarpur, Nalanda, and many more. The elections in Bihar witness fierce political battles, with candidates vying for these coveted seats. The representation of Bihar in the Lok Sabha serves as a vital platform for addressing the state's issues and concerns at the national level.
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