Properties of Lithium
- In several reactions involving both organic and inorganic reactants, lithium plays an active role. It forms monoxide and peroxide when it interacts with oxygen.
- Water and metallic lithium interact quite violently.
- This metal has a high specific heat, or calorific capacity, which is one of its notable characteristics. Other characteristics include its wide range of temperatures in the liquid state and strong thermal conductivity.
- Both its density and viscosity are quite low.
- This metal's metallic form is insoluble in hydrocarbons but soluble in short-chain aliphatic amines like ethylamine.
Lithium has a BCC structure. Its density is 530 kgm-3 and its atomic mass is 6.94 g mol-1. Calculate the edge length of a unit cell of Lithium metal (NA = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1) (a) 352 pm (b) 527 pm (c) 264 pm (d) 154 pm
Lithium has a BCC structure with density 530 kgm-3 and atomic mass is 6.94 g mol-1. 352 pm is the edge length of a unit cell of Lithium metal. Lithium is a chemical element which occurs first in the periodic table.