List of High Courts in India 2022: 25th, Oldest, Newest, Smallest High Courts

By K Balaji|Updated : November 22nd, 2022

The highest court in any state or union territory is the high court. According to Article 214, each state of India must have a High Court. Article 231 states a common high court for many states or union territories. For those preparing for the UPSC exam, the topic is crucial.

There are 25 high courts in India. Below, we have explained each in detail. One Chief Justice and any number of justices chosen by the President of India comprise each High Court of India. There are six high courts in India, each of which can hear cases involving several states or union territories. The oldest high court in India is in Calcutta, while the newest is in Andhra Pradesh.

The Madras Law Journal, published by the Madras High Court, was the first journal in India to report a Court's judgments (1891).

Table of Content

List of High Courts in India

There are 25 established high courts in India. Some High courts have jurisdiction over more than one state or union territory. The important information on high courts of India, like the year, territorial is provided in the table below:

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List of High Courts in India

Year

Name

Territorial Jurisdiction

1862

Bombay

Maharashtra, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman Diu, and Goa

1862

Kolkata

West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar islands

1862

Madras

Tamil Nadu & Pondicherry

1866

Allahabad

Uttar Pradesh

1884

Karnataka

Karnataka

1916

Patna

Bihar

1948

Guwahati

Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh

1949

Odisha

Odisha

1949

Rajasthan

Rajasthan

1956

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

1958

Kerala

Kerala & Lakshadweep

1960

Gujarat

Gujarat

1966

Delhi

Delhi

1971

Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh

1975

Punjab & Haryana

Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh

1975

Sikkim

Sikkim

2000

Chattisgarh

Chattisgarh

2000

Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand

2000

Jharkhand

Jharkhand

2013

Tripura

Tripura

2013

Manipur

Manipur

2013

Meghalaya

Meghalaya

2019

Telangana

Telangana

2019

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

2019

Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh

Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh

Common High Courts in India

There are 6 high courts viz., Bombay high court, Madras high court, Kerala high court, Punjab and Haryana high court, Kolkata high court, and Guwahati high court. Their courts have jurisdiction over more than one state or UT. Check the complete list below.

List of High Courts in India

Year

Name

Territorial Jurisdiction

1862

Bombay

Maharashtra, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, and Goa

1862

Kolkata

West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar islands

1862

Madras

Tamil Nadu

And Pondicherry

1948

Guwahati

Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh

1958

Kerala

Kerala & Lakshadweep

1975

Punjab & Haryana

Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh

Powers and Functions of the High Court of India

High Courts in India are very powerful and have a lot of responsibility in the execution of law and order, checking the working of district courts, to implementing sections and constitution with the help of the executive in the state. Check the important functions of the high courts of India:

  • A High Court may issue writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, and certiorari to uphold Fundamental Rights or for other reasons.
  • Each High Court has the authority to supervise all Courts and Tribunals within the regions over which it has jurisdiction.
  • District judges are appointed and posted after consultation with the High Court, which the governor contacts before making these decisions. Additionally, it is reviewed when choosing candidates for other State Judicial Service positions.
  • Control over lower courts: The High Court has jurisdiction over district courts and courts below them, including the posting, promotion, and granting of leave to members of a State's judicial service who occupy any position under that of the district judge.
  • Other original and appellate powers: The Codes of Civil and Criminal Procedure and the Letters of Patent grant the High Court original and appellate jurisdiction in civil and criminal issues.
  • Case transfer authority: The High Court may withdraw a case from the originally filed court if it determines that it involves a significant constitutional law question that must be resolved to resolve the case. Alternatively, it may decide the constitutional law question and return the case to the court it was originally filed, along with a copy of its decision.

Important Points of High Courts in India

To know more about the high courts of India so you can write a great answer in the IAS exam, check the given points. You may encounter the points many times during the preparation.

  • The President appoints the chief justice of the state high court after consultation with the supreme court chief justice and the state governor. The president chooses the chief justice of the high courts.
  • Whether or whether it has the word "tribunal" in its name, anybody operating in a judicial capacity is referred to as a "tribunal." For instance, a lawyer presenting before a court with only one judge present may refer to that judge as "their tribunal."
  • One or more High Court justices who sit year-round at a place other than the High Court's regular seat make up a permanent bench.
  • A circuit bench is used in remote areas when there aren't enough cases to warrant a full-fledged permanent bench. Because of this, some justices visit certain regions once or twice a year to handle all the High Court appeals from that region.
  • A matter is heard and decided by at least two judges on a division bench.
  • A court of law with a full bench has more judges than is customary.

Also Check:

Important Notes for UPSC
Bhagat SinghCommissions and their Recommendations
DemonetisationScheduled Tribes
Important Boundary Lines of IndiaDisinvestment Policy
Tribes of IndiaConsumer Protection Act 2019
Bishnoi MovementImpact of British Rule in India

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FAQs on List of High Courts in India

  • There are 25 High Courts in India as on January 2022. However, only 6 high courts have jurisdiction over more than one state or UTs. Only Delhi Union Territories has its own High Court among the UTs. The high court comprises a Chief Justice and other judges chosen by the President of India.

  • The 25th high court of India is the High court of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Amravati, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. It was established after the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

  • There are 6 high courts with jurisdiction over more than one state/UTs. The high courts with the jurisdictions are given below:

    • Kolkata High Court: has jurisdiction over West Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar islands.
    • Guwahati High Court: has jurisdiction over Nagaland, Assam Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram.
    • Bombay High Court: has jurisdiction over Maharashtra, Goa, Dadar and Nager Haveli, and Daman & Diu.
    • Kerala High Court: has jurisdiction over Lakshadweep and Kerala.
    • Madras High Court: has jurisdiction over Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.
    • Punjab & Haryana High Court has jurisdiction over Haryana, Punjab, and Chandigarh.
  • The high court of Andhra Pradesh is situated at Amravati. It was established after the state was divided into two parts, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The strength of the high court is 37 judges.

  • The Sikkim High Court is the smallest in India, with a sanctioned court strength of just 3 judges. It was started in 1975 by  President with the support of the governor of the relevant state and the Chief Justice of India. The high court is located in Gangtok, the state's administrative capital.

  • Allahabad High Court has the maximum number of judges. The maximum strength of the Allahabad High Court is 160 judges.

  • The oldest high court of India is Calcutta High Court. The erstwhile British government established it on June 26, 1862. During the Independent era, it has jurisdiction over the UT Andaman and Nicobar Islands and West Bengal State.

  • Guwahati High Court has jurisdiction over Assam, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh. It does not have jurisdiction over the Meghalaya State.

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