List of Cyclones in India and the World 2019-20: Recently many areas were hit by the Tropical cyclones across the globe. In this article, we will enlist some of the cyclones along with their place of origin and the areas in which they caused havoc. This article is very important from the examination perspective and it will help you in your upcoming SSC and Railways exams.
Before moving on to the list of cyclones in India and across the globe, let us first know what the cyclone is.
What is a Cyclone?
A system of winds that rotates counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere around a low-pressure belt forms what is known to us as 'Cyclone'. These winds rise creating clouds and precipitation.
They are categorized into two categories:
- Mid-latitude (Extratropical) cyclones and
- Tropical cyclones.
Out of the two, tropical cyclones cause more havoc and bring devastating effects in the world. They originate in the oceans located in the tropical areas and pave their way to the coastal areas causing precipitation accompanied by violent winds.
Tropical cyclones are known by different names in different regions:
|List of Regions||Names|
|Western Pacific and the South China Sea||Typhoons|
List of Cyclones that Hit India and World in 2019-2020
|List of Cyclones||Area of Origin||Affected Areas|
|Cyclone Pabuk||A tropical storm that caused a disturbance in the South China sea.||Andaman and Nicobar, Malaya, Myanmar, Vietnam and other adjoining areas including the Bay of Bengal|
|Cyclone Fani||It emerged from a tropical depression in the Indian ocean.||Orissa, West Bengal, Eastern India, Andra Pradesh, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan|
|Cyclone Vayu||It rose from a low-pressure area near the Maldives towards its north. It was a severe storm in the North Indian ocean. It was first to form in the Arabian Sea.||India, Pakistan, Maldives, Oman.|
|Cyclone Hikka||Hikka originated in the Arabian Sea.||Gujarat, Saudi Arabia|
|Cyclone Maha||Maha originated in the Arabian Sea.||Oman, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Western India, Southern India|
|Cyclone Bulbul||It originated in the North Indian Ocean.||Bangladesh, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Myanmar, Eastern India|
|Cyclone Kyar||It originated in the East-central Arabian Sea.||Somalia, Yemen, Oman, West India|
|Cyclone Pawan||Somalia and the Arabian Sea in the Southwestern Arabian Sea.||Somalia and India.|
|Cyclone BOB 03||It originated in the Bay of Bengal||Parts of Odisha and West Bengal|
|Cyclone Amphan||It originated in the North Indian ocean||West Bengal, Odisha and Bangladesh|
|Cyclone Nisarga||It originated in the Arabian Sea.||Maharashtra, Goa, and Gujarat|
Note: This trending topic is important to be asked in the upcoming exams like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC CPO, SSC MTS, SSC GD Constable, RRB Group D, RRB NTPC, etc. So do carefully go through this topic for better performance in the exam.
Terms related to the cyclones that you should Know:
Eye of the cyclone: Strong winds circulating spirally, characteristic of a tropical cyclone around the center which is termed as the eye of the cyclone.
Eye Wall: Surrounding the eye of the cyclone is the eyewall which is characterized by strong spiraling winds rising to a great height touching the tropopause.
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