The most important awards in the world have been given to people to honour their contributions and achievements. The list of such awards is given below. Candidates are advised to read the article till the end to get the complete information. This article will be helpful for the candidates who are preparing for SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, RRB NTPC, RRB Group- D or any other Government Exam.
- Most coveted international award in the world.
- Instituted by Alfred Bernard Nobel (inventor of dynamite).
- The award is given on December 10 (the death anniversary of Alfred Bernard Nobel).
Nobel Prize is given every year to those eminent persons who have made pioneering achievements in the following fields:
Apart from Economics, all other categories have been given since 1901. Economics Nobel Prize was instituted in 1967 and was first given in 1969.
Nobel Laureates of India
- Instituted in 1957 and named after Ramon Magsaysay, the former President of the Philippines.
- This award is given annually on August 31
- Award is given for outstanding contributions to public service, community leadership, journalism, literature and creative arts, and international understanding.
- Regarded as the Nobel Prize of Asia.
Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding
- Instituted in 1965 by the Government of India.
- Given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to international understanding and goodwill among the people of the world.
- Instituted in 1929
- Conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures in the USA.
- The first Indian to get an Oscar was Bhanu Athaiya for the movie 'Gandhi'.
- Satyajit Ray was the first Indian awarded Oscar for lifetime achievements in cinema in 1992.
UNESCO Peace Prize
- Presented by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
- For extraordinary contributions for international peace.
- Instituted in 1917 and named after the US Publisher Joseph Pulitzer.
- Conferred annually in the USA
- For accomplishments in journalism, literature, and music.
Right Livelihood Award
- Instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London.
- Known as alternate Nobel Award
- To promote and contribute in the fields of environment and social justice.
Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize
- Instituted in 1995 by the Government of India.
- It is presented for international peace on the lines of the Nobel Prize.
UNESCO Human Rights Award
- Presented by UNESCO
- For contributions in the field of Human Rights Awareness.
- Given every alternate year.
Man Booker Prize
- Highest literary award to authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries
- Established in 1969.
- Renamed as Man Booker Prize, as the sponsorship has been taken over by the Man Group, an international stockbroker.
UN Human Rights Award
- Presented by UN for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.
- It is presented every sixth year.
World Food Prize
- Presented by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- For the cause of agriculture and food development.
Indira Gandhi Award For International Peace, Disarmament and Development
- Presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund in India
- For specialized contribution in the field of international disarmament and development.
- Highest civilian award of India.
- Presented by the Government of India.
- Presented for exceptional public service and rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science.
- Instituted in 1954
- First recipient was C. Rajagopalchari
- Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award
- Padma Vibhushan was instituted in 1954
- For distinguished services in any field including Government service.
- Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree are the other important civilian awards.
- The first awardee were Zakir Husain, V.K Krishna Menon, Satyendra Nath Bose, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Nandalal Bose, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
- Padma Bhushan is awarded for the distinguished service of high order
- Padma Bhushan was instituted in 1954
- The first person to be awarded with Padma Bhushan was Homi Jehangir Bhabha
Padma Shri is awarded for the distinguished service in the field of Arts, Social Work, Public Affairs, Science & Engineering, Trade & Industry, Medicine, Literature & Education, Sports or others
Bhartiya Jnanpith Awards
- Instituted in 1965
- Given for distinguished works in any recognized language by a scholar.
Sahitya Akademy Awards
- Instituted in 1955
- Given for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literature.
- Instituted in 1991 by the K.K. Birla Foundation
- Given for any distinguished literary work made during last 10 years in any of the Indian language.
- Instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation
- For outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.
Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards
- Given to the Indian scientists for their exceptional performance.
R.D. Birla Award
- Given in the field of medical sciences.
- These awards are given for the extraordinary performance in the medical sciences.
Dhyan Chand Award
- Dhyan Chand Award is given for sports and games
- It was initiated in 2002
- The first awardee are Ashoka Diwan, Shahuraj Birajdar, and Aparna Ghosh
- Instituted in 1961
- Given by Sports Ministry, Government of India.
- These are given for the special achievements in different types of sports.
- Dronacharya Award is given for outstanding coaches in sports and games.
- It was instituted in 1985.
- Given by Sports Ministry, Government of India.
- These are given to sports coaches.
- The first awardee are Bhalchandra Bhaskar Bhagwat, O.M. Nambiar, and Om Prakash Bhardwaj
Moorti Devi Award
- Moorti Devi Award is given in the field of literature
- It was initiated in the year 1983
- The first awardee was C.K. Nagaraja Rao
Dadasaheb Phalke Award
- Dadasaheb Phalke Award is given for outstanding contribution to the growth and development of the Indian cinema
- This award was initiated in 1969
- The first receiver of this award was Devika Rani
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
- It was instituted in 1992
- Presented for commendable display by the players.
There are two types of Gallantry Awards given namely,
- War Time Award and,
- Peace time Award.
The awards that come under the War Time Award are as follows:
- Param Vir Chakra: It is India's highest award for bravery.
- Mahavir Chakra: It is the second-highest gallantry award.
- Vir Chakra: It is the third-highest gallantry award.
The awards that come under the Piece Time Award are as follows:
- Ashok Chakra: It is the highest peace-time gallantry award.
- Kirti Chakra: Kirti Chakra is equivalent to the Maha Vir Chakra award of wartime gallantry awards. This is the second in order of precedence of peacetime gallantry awards.
- Shauraya Chakra: Shaurya Chakra is a peacetime gallantry award equivalent to Vir Chakra. It is an Indian military decoration award for courageous action or an act of self-sacrifice while not in direct action of combat against the enemy.
Pritzker Architecture Prize
- Pritzker Architecture is awarded in the field of Architecture
- This award started in the year 1979
- The first awardee was Philip Johnson
- Grammy Award is given for the outstanding achievement in the music industry
- This award was initiated in 1959
- The first receiver of the ‘Record of the Year’ was Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare), first receiver of ‘Album of the Year’ was The Music from Peter Gunn and ‘Song of the Year’ was Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)
- Abel prize is given for outstanding scientific work in the field of Mathematics
- This award was instituted in the year 2002
- The first Indian awardee was Professor Srinivasa SR Varadhan (2007) whereas at the international level the first awardee was Jean-Pierre Serre (2003)
Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award
- Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award is given for excellence in academics/ public administration or management
- It was initiated in 2000
- The first awardee was Prof. C.K. Prahalad
Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award is given for performing arts in India
- This award was instituted in 1951
- The first awardee was Alauddin Khan in Music for Hindustani Sarod, Mushtaq Hussain Khan in Music for Hindustani Vocal, Karaikudi Sambasiva Iyer in Music for Carnatic Veena, and Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar for Music in Carnatic Vocal.
Difference Between some important Awards in India
1) Difference between some important Gallantry Awards:
|Paramvir Chakara||Mahavir Chakara||Vir Chakara|
|The Param Vir Chakra is India’s highest military honour awarded to servicemen and women for displaying the highest degree of bravery or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy in wartime.||The Maha Vir Chakra (MVC) is the second-highest military decoration in India and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea or in the air and maybe awarded posthumously.||The Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land or at sea or in the air. It is a third highest military decoration in India.|
Recipients or families of the recipients if awarded posthumously receive compensation of rupees 3,000 per month.
Recipients or their next of kin receive Rs 2,400/- per month with the same amount if another bar is added to the award.
Recipients or their families in if awarded posthumously receive Rs 1,700 per month with the same amount added to each bar to the decoration.
2) Difference between important Padma Awards:
Every country has their own set of Awards and Honours for their citizens. Therefore in India, there are different Padma Awards given to the civilians to honour their achievements in their field of work. There are 3 different types of Padma awards in India namely,
- Padma Vibhusan
- Padma Bhusan
- Padma Shri
The difference between the three is described below:
|Padma Vibhusan||Padma Bhusan||Padma Shri|
|After Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhusan is the second highest civilian award in India.||After Padma Vibhusan, Padma Bhusan is the third highest civilian award in India.||After Padma Bhusan, Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in India.|
|The award consists of a bronze medallion with a lotus on the front between the words ‘Padma Vibhushan’ written in Devanagari and the Indian emblem on the back.||The award consists of a gold-coloured medallion with a lotus on the front between the words ‘Padma Bhushan’ written in Devanagari script and the Indian emblem on the back.||The award consists of a bronze medallion with a lotus on the front between the words ‘Padma Shri’ written in Devanagari script and the Indian emblem on the back.|
|The award is given without regard to ethnicity, occupation, status, or gender.||It excludes people working in PSUs, with the exception of doctors and scientists. ||It is presented for outstanding achievements in diverse fields such as arts, literature, sports, and social service.|
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