Learn Vocabulary from 'The Hindu' Newspaper Wordlist: 6th June 2022

By Anjali Chowdhury|Updated : June 6th, 2022

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command of Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorizing Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 6th June 2022

1. Word: Slumber (अल्प निद्रा)

  • Pronunciation: sluhm-ber/ स्लम्बर
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning: 
    a. sleep (Verb)
    b. a sleep (Noun)
  • Synonyms: doze, nap, drowse
  • Antonyms: wake, arise
  • Usage in a sentence: All the people in the hotels were wrapped in deep slumber.

2.  WordDemise (अंतप्रदान करना)

  • Pronunciation: dih-mahyz/ डिमाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a person's death. [Noun]
    b. the end or failure of an enterprise or institution. [Noun]
    c. convey or grant (an estate) by will or lease. [Verb]
  • Synonyms: death, end, expiration, extinction
  • Antonyms: survival, birth, beginning
  • Usage in a sentence: The demise of the industry has caused untold misery to thousands of hard-working tradesmen.


3. Word: Referendum (जनमत-संग्रह)

  • Pronunciation: ref-uh-ren-duh m/ रेफरेन्डम
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a general vote by the electorate on a single political question which has been referred to them for a direct decision.
  • Synonyms: plebiscite, popular vote, ballot, poll
  • Usage in a Sentence: The issue was decided by referendum. 

4. WordRecalibrate (दुबारा जांचना)

  • Pronunciation: re-kal-uh-breyt/ रीकैलब्रैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: calibrate (something) again or differently.
    Calibrate: to determine, check, or rectify the graduation of (any instrument)/ to determine the correct range for (an artillery etc.) by observing where the fired projectile hits.
  • Synonyms: reevaluate, redresss
  • Antonyms: disorganize, neglect
  • Use in a Sentence: Such contracts deprive insurers of the opportunity to recalibrate risks.

5. Word: Nurture (पालन-पोषण)

  • Pronunciationnur-cher/ नर्चर
  • Part of Speech: Verb, Noun
  • Meaning
    a. care for and protect (someone or something) while they are growing. [Verb]
    b. the action or process of nurturing someone or something. [Noun]
  • Synonyms: foster, nourish, cherish, nurse, raise, sustain
  • Antonyms: neglect, ignore, deprive, negligence
  • Usage in a Sentence: Teachers should nurture their students' creativity.

6. Word: Churn (मन्थन करना)

  • Pronunciation: churn/ चर्न
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: 
    a. (with reference to liquid) move or cause to move about vigorously.
    b. break up the surface of (an area of ground).
  • Synonyms: shake, stir, swirl, agitate
  • Antonym: freeze
  • Usage in a sentence: We stood on the dock and watched the ocean churn.

7. Word: Comorbidity (सहरुग्णता)

  • Pronunciationkow-maw-bi·duh-tee
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. the fact that people who have a disease or condition also have one or more other diseases or conditions
  • Synonyms: (of a disease) related, associated, coexisting
  • Antonyms: autonomous, detached, independent
  • Usage in a sentence: People with comorbidities have a weaker immune system due to fighting more than one disease at a time.

8. Word: Homologous (अनुकूल)

  • Pronunciation: हमालगस/huh-mol-uh-guhs
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. having the same or a similar relation
    b. b. corresponding, as in relative position or structure
  • Synonyms: corresponding, equivalent, analogous
  • Antonyms: heterologous, different, diverse
  • Usage in a sentence: These activities are meant to be homologous to modern work conditions.

9. WordImmaterial (अभौतिक)

  • Pronunciation: im-uh-teer-ee-uh l/ इमटीरीअल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: unimportant under the circumstances; irrelevant
  • Synonyms: insignificant, unsubstantial, intangible, unimportant
  • Antonyms: important, material, relevant
  • Usage in a Sentence: The body is material but the soul is immaterial.

10. Word: Placebo (प्रयोगिक औषध)

  • Pronunciation: pluh-see-boh/प्लसीबो
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. a substance given to someone who is told that it is a particular medicine, either to make that person feel as if they are getting better or to compare the effect of the particular medicine when given to others
    b. something that is given to try to satisfy a person who has not been given the thing they really want
  • Synonyms: antidote, fixes, controlled trial
  • Antonyms: virus
  • Usage in a sentence: She was only given a placebo, but she claimed she got better - that's the placebo effect.

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 6th June 2022

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Slumber
  • Demise
  • Referendum
  • Recalibrate
  • Nurture

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym

Share your answers in the comment section. 


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