Learn Vocabulary from 'The Hindu' Newspaper Wordlist: 17th June 2022

By Anjali Chowdhury|Updated : June 17th, 2022

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command of Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorizing Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 17th June 2022

1. WordDemolition (गिराव)

  • Pronunciation: dem-uh-lish-uh n/डेमलिशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: the action or process of demolishing or being demolished.
  • Synonyms: destruction, ruin
  • Antonyms: rehabilitation, conservation
  • Use in a Sentence: The project required the total demolition of the old bridge.

2.  Word: Retribution (कठोर दण्ड)

  • Pronunciation: re-truh-byoo-shuhn/रेट्रब्यूशन
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    a. deserved and severe punishment
    b. requital according to merits or deserts, especially for evil.
  • Synonyms: retaliation, vengeance, revenge, requital
  • Antonyms: pardon, forgiveness, sympathy
  • Usage in a sentence: They fled because they feared retribution for the genocide.

3. Word: Fig leaf (छिपाना)

  • Pronunciation: fig leef/फिग लीफ
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:

       a. a thing intended to conceal a difficulty or embarrassment.

  • Synonyms: disguise, pretext, mask
  • Antonyms: showing, telling
  • Use in a Sentence: The man used humor as a fig leaf to conceal the fact that he was struggling with depression.

4. Word: Rehabilitation (पुनर्वास ).

  • Pronunciation:  re-habi-lae-shun/ˌरीअˌबिलिˈटेश्‌न्‌
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning:
    the action of bringing (someone or something) back to a normal
  • Synonyms:   Regeneration, renewal, revival, betterment
  • Antonyms: Atrophy, depletion
  • Usage in a sentence: There is an alcohol and drug rehabilitation center near our house.

5. Word: Allegedly (कथित रूप से)

  • Pronunciation: uh-lej-id-lee/अलेजिड्ली
  • Part of Speech: Adverb
  • Meaning: used to convey that something is claimed to be the case or have taken place, although there is no proof.
  • Synonyms: reportedly, supposedly, reputedly, purportedly, ostensibly, apparently
  • Antonyms: accurately, certainly, actually, exactly
  • Usage in Sentence: He lost his job for allegedly being incapable.

6. Word:  Brook (बहना, बर्दाश्त करना)

  • Pronunciation: brook/ब्रुक
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb 
  • Meaning:
    a. a small stream (noun)
    b. to allow or accept something, esp. a difference of opinion or intention (verb)
  • Synonyms: tolerate, endure, bear, stomach
  • Antonyms: abstain, prohibit, disapprove
  • Usage in a sentence: She won’t brook any criticism of her work.

7. Word: Stringent (सख्त)

  • Pronunciationstrin-juh nt/ स्ट्रिन्जन्ट
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:  (of regulations, requirements, or conditions) strict, precise, and exacting
  • Synonyms: harsh, rigorous, severe
  • Antonyms: tolerant, flexible, lenient
  • Usage in a Sentence: He failed to convene the stringent selection criteria.

8. Word: Purported (कथित)

  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Pronunciation: pur-port-ed
  • Meaning: appear to be or do something, especially falsely
  • Synonyms: imply, pretend
  • Antonyms: conceal, deny
  • Usage in a Sentence: The drug manufacturer knows it is against the law to purport claims about its product’s effectiveness. 

9. Word: Cognisance (परिज्ञान)

  • Pronunciation: kog-nuh-zuh ns/काग्निज़न्स
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: knowledge or awareness.
  • Synonyms: observance, realization
  • Antonyms: unconsciousness
  • Usage in a Sentence: Such understanding is beyond his cognisance.

10. Word: Convoluted (पेचीदा)

  • Pronunciationkon-vuh-loo-tid/ कान्वलूटड
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. (especially of an argument, story, or sentence) extremely complex and difficult to follow.
    b. intricately folded, twisted, or coiled.
  • Synonyms: complex, tortuous, intricate, labyrinthine, tangled
  • Antonyms: simple, basic, uncomplicated, uncoiled
  • Usage in a sentence: She gave a convoluted explanation that left the listeners even more confused than they were before.

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 17th June 2022

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Demolition 
  • Rehabilitation
  • Allegedly
  • Fig leaf
  • Retribution

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
2Purported complex

Share your answers in the comment section. 


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