Learn Vocabulary from 'The Hindu' Newspaper Wordlist: 14th January, 2022

By Anjali Chowdhury|Updated : January 14th, 2022

Vocabulary is an essential tool to ace the English section in competitive examinations. You can score better in the subject if you are able to intensify your command over Vocabulary. A regular reading habit can help you with this. With the exercise, you will come across a number of new words, whose meanings you can look up in the dictionary. This, in turn, will help you understand the context of the piece you are reading.

Reading articles from newspapers helps you in two ways: Memorising Static Facts from the Article & Enhancing your Vocabulary.

In conjunction with the above idea, we bring to you our series ‘Newspaper Wordlist’. This series aims to help you understand the different aspects of the commonly (and not so commonly) used words, ranging from their meaning and pronunciations to proper usage in sentences.

Important Vocabulary from The Hindu Editorial: 14th January 2022

Abdicate
Scrutinise 
Watchdog
Allegation
Enormous
Grievance
Arbitrary 
Unilateral
Submerge
Sustainable 
Implication
Overemphasise

 

1. Word: Abdicate (त्यागना)

  • Pronunciation: ab-di-keyt/ ऐब्डकेट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. (of a monarch) renounce one's throne.
    b. fail to fulfil or undertake (a responsibility or duty).
  • Synonyms: abandon, resign, renounce
  • Antonyms: claim, assume
  • Usage in a sentence: The king was forced to abdicate the throne.

2. Word: Scrutinise (बारीकी से देखना)

  • Pronunciationskroot-n-ahyz/ स्क्रूटनाइज़
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: examine or inspect closely and thoroughly.
  • Synonyms: examine, investigate, inspect
  • Antonyms: ignore, neglect, reject, overlook
  • Usage in a sentence: When you have completed the whole exercise, scrutinise it and pay particular attention to your adjectives.

3. Word: Watchdog (रक्षक)

  • Pronunciation: watch-dog/ वाच-डॉग
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning:
    a. a person or group that monitors the practices of companies (noun)
    b. monitor (a person/ activity/ situation) (verb)
  • Synonyms: custodian, guardian, protector
  • Usage in Sentence: The Institute acts as an independent watchdog to look after the policies of the company. 

4. Word: Allegation (अभिकथन)

  • Pronunciation: al-i-gey-shuhn/ ऐलगेशन 
  • Part of speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a claim or assertion that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof
  • Synonyms: accusation, charge, contention, deposition
  • Antonyms: exculpation, denial
  • Usage in a sentence: The professor made an allegation of cheating against his student.

5. Word: Enormous (विशाल/दीर्घाकार)

  • Pronunciation: ih-nawr-muhs /ईनॉर्मस 
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning:
    a. greatly exceeding the common size, extent, etc.; huge; immense
    b. outrageous or atrocious
  • Synonyms: huge, immense, gigantic, colossal
  • Antonyms: diminutive, minute, insignificant
  • Usage in a sentence: She showed enormous courage when she rescued him from the fire.

6. Word: Grievance (शिकायत)

  • Pronunciationgree-vuhns
  • Part of Speech: Noun
  • Meaning: a wrong considered as grounds for complaint, or something believed to cause distress.
  • Synonyms: complaint, objection, grudge
  • Antonyms: compliment, praise, peace
  • Usage in a sentence: Despite the meeting, the main grievance remained unaddressed.

7. Word: Arbitrary (इच्छाधीन)

  • Pronunciation: ahr-bi-trer-ee?आर्बिट्रेरी 
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.
  • Synonyms: irrational, inconsistent, freakish
  • Antonyms: reasonable, circumspect, objective
  • Use in a Sentence: Her supposition was arbitrary, based on no valid proof. 

8. Word: Unilateral (एकतरफ़ा)

  • Pronunciation: yoo-nuh-lat-er-uhl/ यूनिलैटरल
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning: 
    a. relating to, occurring on, or involving one side only:
    b. undertaken or done by or on behalf of one side, party, or faction only; not mutual:
    c. having only one side or surface; without a reverse side or inside, as a Möbius strip.
  • Synonyms: lopsided, partial, skewed
  • Antonyms: bilateral, mutual, united
  • Usage in a sentence: The decision needs to be unilateral within the company.

9.  Word: Submerge (जलमग्न)

  • Pronunciation: सब्मर्ज/suhb-murj
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning -  to sink out of sight
  • Synonyms -  sunken, drowned
  • Antonyms -  afloat, surfaced
  • Usage in a sentence-To test how long he could go without breathing, the little boy decided to submerge his head into a bucket full of water.

10. WordSustainable (कायम रहने वाला)

  • Pronunciation: suh-stey-nuh-buh l/सस्टैनबल
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
    b. able to be upheld or defended.
  • Synonyms: endurable, tenable
  • Antonyms: unstable, unbearable
  • Use in a SentenceSustainable development implies a long-term perspective.

The Hindu Newspaper Vocabulary Based Exercises: 14th January 2022

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Abdicate 
  • Watchdog
  • Sustainable 
  • Submerge
  • Grievance

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1endurablepartial
2abandondrowned
3hugerenounce
4lopsidedimmense
5sunkentenable

Share your answers in the comment section. 

Click Here to Watch Free Session

===========================

Download the BYJU’S Exam Prep App NOW

The most comprehensive exam prep app.

If you are aiming to crack CAT and other MBA Exam, join BYJU'S Exam Prep Online Classroom Program where you get : 

  • Live Courses by Top Faculty
  • Daily Study Plan 
  • Comprehensive Study Material 
  • Latest Pattern Test Series 
  • Complete Doubt Resolution 
  • Regular Assessments with Report Card

#DreamStriveSucceed

Comments

write a comment

Follow us for latest updates