Largest Tribe in India - States with Highest Tribal Population in India Census 2011

By K Balaji|Updated : November 9th, 2022

Bhil is the largest tribe in India, constituting roughly 38% of the total scheduled tribal population. According to the largest tribes in India census 2011, Bhil majorly speaks Bhil, and other languages they know well are Gujarati and Marathi. Bhil tribes, also regarded as the largest tribe in India, are discovered in the following states:

  • Chhattisgarh
  • Gujarat
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Rajasthan
  • Tripura

Largest Tribe in India PDF

The Scheduled Tribes form the largest ratio of the overall population in Mizoram and Lakshadweep followed by Meghalaya and Nagaland. Lok Sabha reserves 47 seats for Scheduled Tribes. This article will provide complete information about the largest tribe in India and which state has the highest tribal population in India.

Table of Content

What is a Tribe in India?

A tribe is a social department in a traditional society comprising families linked by economic, religious, social, or blood ties with a shared culture and dialect. A tribe contains certain qualities and attributes that make it a unique political, cultural, and social entity.

Largest Tribal Group in India

The state that has the highest tribal population in India is Madhya Pradesh, according to the Census 2011. The list of 10 states comprising the highest tribal population in India is,

  • Madhya Pradesh (Highest ST population state in India 2011 census)
  • Orissa
  • Maharashtra
  • Rajasthan
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Gujarat
  • Jharkhand
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • West Bengal
  • Karnataka

Largest Tribes in India Census 2011

The two highest scheduled tribe population in India, namely, Bhil and Gond characterizations, have been illustrated below.

Largest Tribal Population in India

According to Census Report 2011, tribes constitute 8.6% of India's population or about 104 million tribal individuals. These groups of tribes are the inhabitants of the Khargone, Dhar, Jhabua, and Ratlam communities of Madhya Pradesh.

  • The Bhil culture is different and rich.
  • The traditional folk dance of the largest tribal group of India is known as Ghoomar, which is a sign of Womanhood.
  • The primary food cultivated by the tribal people is onion, chilli, maize, and garlic.
  • On special occasions, the biggest tribe in India consume rice and wheat.
  • Men traditionally wear dresses known as Angarkha, Gamchha, Dhoti, or Pagri, and women traditionally wear Ghagra Choli and Sari.

Bhil Art:

Bhil, the largest tribe in India, has a tribal art called the Bhil art. The theme that the art represents is the everyday life of the tribal people.

  • The brushes used to create Bhil art are known as Neem twigs.
  • Their paintings are referred to as the Pithora painting.
  • Bhil people belonging to the largest tribe in India, use pigments to promote this art made from natural ingredients like flowers and leaves.
  • One of the most remarkable features of Bhil art is the dots which protect the whole plain background.
  • Dots are duplicated in stunning designs and colours.
  • The group of dots are symbols for gods or ancestors.

Gond - Second Largest Tribe in India

Gonds are the highest ST population state in India and are found in Central and South-Central India. Gond tribes can be found in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh.

  • Gonds worship village divinities; they don't have a consistent culture.
  • They speak the language prevalent in the area, and the majority speak a dialect named Gondi, an unwritten language.

Largest Tribe in India - Highest ST Population State

Look at various states in India having the largest tribe in India. Check out which is the highest tribal population state in India.

Tribal Population in India (States)

Largest Tribal Group of India

Andhra Pradesh

Gond, Goundu, Jatapus, Andh, Nakkala, Dhulia, Thoti, Bhagata, Bhil, Dabba Yerukula, Sugalis, Banjara, Gadabas, Kammara, Koya, Sadhu Andh, Mukha Dhora, Valmiki, Chenchus (Chenchawar), Pardhan, Kolawar, Rona, Manna Dhora, Savaras, Kattunayakan, Kolam, Konda, Kondareddis, Yenadis, Sugalis, Lambadis.

Arunachal Pradesh

Taroan, Dafla, Apatanis, Sherdukpen, Galong, Momba, Nyishi, Singpho, Monpa, Wancho, Tagin, Adi, Abor, Mishmi, Idu

Assam

Borokachari, Kachari, Sonwal, Chakma, Garos, Khasis, Gangte, Dimasa, Chutiya, Hajong, Karbi, Boro, Miri, Rabha, Garo

Bihar

Asur, Chero, Santhals, Savar, Kharwar, Banjara, Gond, Birhor, Parhaiya, Baiga, Birjia, Oraon, Santal, Tharu

Chhattisgarh

Nagasia, Gond, Binjhwar, Agariya, Khond, Mawasi, Halba, Halbi, Bhattra, Kawar, Bhaina, Biar, Sawar

Goa

Dubia, Siddi, Naikda, Dhodia, Varli, Gawda.

Gujarat

Barda, Paradhi, Patelia, Dhanka, Dhodia, Gamta, Dubla, Talavia, Bhil, Halpati, Bamcha, Charan, Kokna, Naikda, Patelia, Rathawa, Siddi.

Himachal Pradesh

Gujjars, Khas, Pangwala, Lahaulas, Swangla, Lamba, Gaddis, Beta, Beda Bhot, Bodh.

Jammu and Kashmir

Balti, Purigpa, Beda, Mon, Sippi, Gaddi, Bakarwal, Garra, Changpa, Gujjar.

Jharkhand

Birhors, Kharwar, Santhals, Lohra, Mahli, Mundas, Savar, Bhumij, Gonds, Kharia, Bedia, Ho, Parhaiya, Santal, Kol, Banjara.

Karnataka

Barda, Bhil, Adiyan, Patelia, Iruliga, Hasalaru, Gond, Koraga, Yerava, Koli Dhor, Marati , Meda, Naikda, Soligaru.

Kerala

Adiyan, Kattunayakan, Moplahs, Kurichchan, Malai arayan, Uralis, Irular, Arandan, Eravallan, Kurumbas, Kanikaran, Muthuvan.

Madhya Pradesh

Baigas, Katkari, Kharia, Kol, Bharia, Birhors, Khond, Gonds, Murias, Korku, Mawasi, Bhils, Pardhan, Sahariya

Maharashtra

Bhaina, Kathodi, Kokna, Koli Mahadev, Bhunjia, Rathawa, Katkari, Warlis, Dhodia, Khond, Dhanka, Halba, Pardhi, Thakur

Manipur

Meitei, Aimol, Angami, Naga, Monsang, Thadou, Kuki, Chiru, Maram, Paite, Purum, Anal, Mao, Tangkhul, Thadou, Poumai Naga

Meghalaya

Chakma, Hajong, Garos, Lakher, Jaintias Khasis, Pawai, Raba, Mikir

Mizoram

Chakma, Khasi, Lakher, Raba, Dimasa, Pawi, Kuki, Synteng, Lushai

Nagaland

Angami, Kuki, Sema, Garo, Mikir, Kachari, Ao, Chakhesang, Nagas, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Rengma, Sangtam,

Odisha

Gadaba, Oraons, Rajuar, Santhals, Bathudi, Bathuri, Bhottada, Bhumij, Gond, Kharia, Juang, Kolha, Kora, Khayara, Kisan, Khond, Matya, Koya, Munda, Paroja, Saora, Ghara, Shabar, Lodha.

Rajasthan

Bhils, Naikda, Nayaka, Damaria, Meenas(Minas), Kathodi, Dhanka, Patelia, Sahariya

Sikkim

Lepchas, Limboo, Bhutia, Khas, Tamang

Tamil Nadu

Adiyan, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Aranadan, Eravallan, Irular, Todas, Kurumans, Malayali

Telangana

Chenchus

Tripura

Bhil, Halam, Chaimal, Khasia, Lushai, Bhutia, Chakma, Mizel, Namte, Mag, Munda, Riang

Uttarakhand

Buksa, Khas, Bhotias, Raji, Jannsari, Tharu

Uttar Pradesh

Bhotia, Jaunsari, Gond, Kharwar, Buksa, Kol, Tharu, Saharya, Raji, Parahiya, Baiga, Agariya, Chero

West Bengal

Asur, Rabha, Santhals, Savar, Bhumij, Hajong, Parhaiya, Bhutia, Chik Baraik, Kisan, Kora, Khond, Lodha, Kheria, Khariam, Ho, Mahali, Mal Pahariya, Oraon

Andaman and Nicobar

Onges, Sentinelese, Oraons, Shompens

 

Important Notes for UPSC
UN Security CouncilTirthankara of Jainism
Medieval History of India UPSC NotesAdvent of European in India
IRS vs IASArticle 12 of Indian Constitution
Article 356 of Indian ConstitutionPortuguese in India
Cashless Economy In IndiaUPSC Cadre Allocation List

Comments

write a comment

FAQs on Largest Tribe in India

  • Bhil is regarded as the largest tribe in India. According to the largest tribes in India census 2011, Bhil constitutes roughly 38% of the total scheduled tribal population, and the largest tribal community in India majorly speaks Bhil.

  • The state has the highest tribal population in India is Madhya Pradesh, according to the Census 2011. The other highest tribal state in India include Orissa, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, and Gujarat.

  • The tribe of Gond has known as the second-largest tribe in India, which is spread across Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Orissa. It constitutes a significant percentage (35.6%) of the country's total tribal population.

  • The Santhal tribe of Odisha and Assam is India's third-largest tribal group. They are spread across Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal.

  • The Union Territory and the state of India with the largest percentage of the tribal population of its overall population are Mizoram (94.4%) and Lakshwadeep (94.8%). The entire population of tribes is 8.6% of the total population in India.

Featured Articles

Follow us for latest updates