List of 62 Most Important Lakes in India (State Wise) 2022

By Ashwini Shivhare|Updated : January 3rd, 2022

Lakes in India: In SSC and Railway exams, one of the most important topics under the general awareness section is Lakes in India. This article provides you with a list of important lakes in India with their location that are a frequent topic in the SSC Exams, Railway, DSSSB and other government exams. In this article, we would learn about what are lakes, the largest freshwater lake in India, the largest lakes in India, type of lakes and a State-wise list of important lakes in India. Candidates must regularly revise these study notes on lakes of India especially for all upcoming SSC and Railway Exams 2022 especially SSC CGL 2022SSC CHSL 2022SSC MTS 2022RRB NTPC CBT 2RRB Group D 2021-22 etc. etc. 

In this article, we would read about the What are lakes, types of lakes, list of lakes in states and union territories of India. You can download the list of lakes in India in PDF and also attempt practice quiz on important lakes in India.  

Table of Content

What are Lakes?

Lake is a surface water body that is surrounded by land. Rivers will be outlet or inlet to the lakes i.e. lakes take the water from rivers or act as a source of water. Lakes are found in various landscapes like Hilly areas, plains, plateaus, rift zones, etc. In this article, we will read state wise list of Natural Lakes in India.

Type of Lakes

India has a number of lakes that hold significance in everyday lives. we have provided you with the types of lakes that are found in India. 

S.NoCategory of Lake in India
1.Freshwater Lakes
2.Saltwater Lakes
3.Natural Lakes
4.Oxbow Lakes
5.Artificial Lakes
6.Crater Lakes

There are various types of lakes which can be classified based on different criteria – They are Fresh Water Lakes, Salt Water lakes, Natural Lakes, Artificial Lakes, oxbow lake, Crater Lake etc. The details of these lakes are mentioned below:

Fresh Water Lake

Fresh Water Lake are unsalted water which are usually found in low lying areas these are fed from rivers, streams, and runoff from the surrounding area. In India, the largest freshwater lake in Wular Lake. 

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Salt Water Lake

As the name suggests saltwater lake contains a concentration of salts and other dissolved minerals significantly higher than most lakes (at least 3 grams per litre of water).

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Artificial Lake

Artificial Lake is a man-made lake that is used to store water for public use.

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Oxbow Lake

Oxbow lake is formed when a wide meander of a river is cut off. A lake is then formed when the river finds a different shorter course.

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Crater Lake

A crater lake is created from the collapse or explosive activity of volcanic eruption.  

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Use of Lakes: Why are Lakes Important

The lakes hold a great deal if importance to India. Here are some of the importance that the lakes provide to us:

  • Drinking water
  • Irrigation
  • Navigation
  • Water storage
  • Livelihood (fishing, etc.)
  • Home to aquatic animals
  • Impact on microclimate, etc.

Other Important Articles: Railways & SSC Notes: Riverside Cities and States in India

Largest Freshwater Lake In India

The question regarding which is the largest freshwater lake in India has been a frequent question in a number of government exams. To answer that, the largest freshwater lake in India is "Wular Lake" in Jammu and Kashmir State. Here are some important facts about Wular Lake. 

Facts About Wular Lake

  • Lake Wular is situated in Bandipora district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Wular Lake is situated on the Jhelum River.
  • Wular Lake is also one of the largest freshwater lakes in Asia.
  • Wular Lake became a Ramsar site on 23 March 1990. 

Important Facts About Lakes in India

Here are some of the commonly asked questions about Lakes in India. Read the essential facts about the famous lakes in India. 

  • Largest freshwater lake in India – Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Largest Saline water lake in India – Chilka Lake, Odisha
  • Highest lake in India (Altitude) – Cholamu lake, Sikkim
  • Longest Lake in India – Vembanad lake, Kerala
  • Largest Artificial Lake in India – Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

Attempt the quiz on important lakes in India

Top 10 Largest Lakes in India

Here is a list of the top 10 largest lakes in India that are found in India.

List of largest Lakes (Decreasing order of area covered)State/UT
Vembanad LakeKerala
Chilika LakeOdisha
Shivaji Sagar LakeMaharashtra
Indira Sagar lakeMadhya Pradesh
Pangong LakeLadakh
Pulicat LakeAndhra Pradesh
Sardar Sarovar LakeGujarat
Nagarjuna Sagar LakeTelangana
Loktak LakeManipur
Wular lakeJammu and Kashmir

List of 62 Important Natural Lakes India: Famous Lakes in India

The table given below provides you a list of important lakes and their location in India. Check the state wise lakes that are found in India that are asked in SSC/Railway exams frequently.

State

Name

District

Type of Lakes

Facts/Description

Andhra Pradesh

Pulicat Lake

Sullurpet

Brackish Water

It encompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary;
Satish Dhawan Space Centre is located here

Kolleru Lake

Vijayawada

Freshwater

Home to migratory birds

Nagarjuna Sagar

Nalgonda

Freshwater

Artificially constructed;
Krishna river

Assam

Haflong Lake

Silchar

Freshwater

High altitude lake

DeeporBeel

Kamrup

Freshwater

Under Ramsar Convention

Son Beel

Karimganj

Freshwater (Tectonically formed)

Largest wetland in Assam

Chandubi lake

Kamrup

Freshwater

Migratory Birds (winter);
formed by 1897 earthquake

Bihar

Kanwar Lake

Begusarai

Oxbow (freshwater)

Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake;

Gujarat

Hamirsar lake

Kutch

Artificial

Situated in centre of Bhuj

Kankaria lake

Ahmedabad

Artificial

During 14th century by Muhammed Shah II

Narayan Sarovar

Kutch

Artificial freshwater

Pilgrimage site for Hindus

Thol Lake

Mehsana

Lentic lake

Constructed for irrigation purpose

Vastrapur

Ahmedabad

Freshwater

Narmada River;
Picnic spot

Haryana 

Badkal Lake

Faridabad

Freshwater

Man made

Blue Bird Lake

Hisar

Freshwater

Migratory Birds, Wetland Habitat

Brahma Sarovar

Thaneswar

Freshwater

Ancient water pool sacred to Hinduism

Damdama Lake

Sohna

Freshwater

Constructed by British government for Rainwater Harvesting

Karna

Karnal

Freshwater

Connected to great epic Mahabharata

Tilyar

Rohtak

Freshwater (canal inflow)

Located inside Tilyar Zoo

Himachal Pradesh 

Chandra Taal

Lahul and Spiti

Sweetwater lake

Ramsar wetland site

Suraj Taal

Lahul and Spiti

Freshwater (High Altitude)

Bhaga River inflow

Maharana Pratap Sagar

Kangra

Freshwater

Ramsar site

Prashar lake

Mandi

Holomitic (Freshwater)

It has a floating Island

Karnataka

Agara lake

Bangalore

Freshwater

Located in the southwest part of the city

Bellandur Lake

Bangalore

Freshwater

 -

Karanji lake

Mysore

 -

Butterfly park

Ulsoor lake

Bangalore

Stale water

It has several islands

Kukarahalli lake

Mysore

Freshwater

Recreational

Honnamana

Kodagu

Freshwater

Holy lake, place for various festivals

Pampa Sarovar

Hampi

Freshwater

Tungabhadra river

Kerala

Ashtamudi Kayal

Kollam

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland site

Kuttanad

Alappuzha, Kottayam

 

Backwater paddy cultivation

Vembanad

 -

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland; boat race

Shashtamkotta

Kollam

Freshwater

Ramsar wetland

Madhya Pradesh

Bhojtal

Bhopal

Freshwater

Ramsar site; largest artificial lake in India

 

Maharashtra

 

Salim Ali

Aurangabad

Freshwater

Birdwatching

Shivsagar

Satara

Freshwater

Koyna dam

Lonar lake

Buldhana

Crater lake

National Geo-Heritage monument

Manipur

Loktak lake

 -

Lenticular freshwater

Ramsar wetland; Phumdis (Floating Islands); Multipurpose project

Meghalaya

Umiam

Shillong

Freshwater

Famous for cycling and boating

Mizoram

Tam Dil

Saitual

Freshwater

 -

Orissa

Chilika lake

Puri

Brackish water

India's largest brackish water lake; lagoon

Kanjia lake

Bhubaneswar

Freshwater

Wetland of national importance

Punjab

Harike

Ferozepur

Freshwater

Ramsar wetland site

Rupar

Rupnagar

Freshwater

Manmade riverine lake

Kanjli

Kapurthala

Freshwater

Ramsar wetland site

 

Rajasthan

Sambhar lake

Sambhar Lake-town

Saltwater

Ramsar wetland; largest inland saltwater lake in India

Rajsamand

Rajsamand

Freshwater

 -

 

Sikkim

Tsomgo lake

East Sikkim

Freshwater

Winter frozen

Khecheoplari

West Sikkim

Freshwater

Sacred lake for Hindus and Buddhists

Tamil Nadu

 

Ooty lake

Nilgiris

Freshwater

Boat House

Chembarambakkam

Chennai

Artificial lake

 -

Telangana

 

Hussain Sagar

Hyderabad

Artificial lake

Artificial Gibraltar rock-island

Badrakali lake

Warangal

Freshwater

Artificial lake

Uttar Pradesh

Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar

Sonbhadra

Man-made lake

Rihand dam

Belasagar

Kulpahar

Freshwater

Irrigation lake

Uttarakhand

Bhimtal

Nainital

Freshwater

Medium altitude lake

West Bengal

East Calcutta wetlands

Calcutta

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland

Check: Tricks to Remember Wildlife Sanctuaries in India 

List of Important Lakes in Union Territories 

The given list provides you with a list of lakes in the Union Territories. 

State

Name

District

Type of Lakes

Facts/Description

Chandigarh

Sukhna Lake

Chandigarh

Reservoir

-

Ladakh

 

 

Tso Moriri or Lake Moriri 

Ladakh

Brackish

Known as 'Mountain Lake'

Tso Kar

LadakhFluctuating Salt Lake-

Pangong Tso

Leh--

Jammu & Kashmir

Dal lake

Srinagar

Warm monomitic

Remnants of the past glacial period

Nageen Lake

Srinagar

Eutrophic Lake

Seldomly considered to be a part of Dal Lake

Pangong Tso

Ladakh

Endorheic Lake (saline water)

Indo-China Border

Wular lake

Bandipora

Tectonic lake (freshwater)

The largest freshwater lake in India

TsoMoriri

Ladakh

Saltwater

High altitude lake

West Bengal

East Calcutta wetlands

Calcutta

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland

Puducherry

 

Bahour Lake

Puducherry

-

The second largest lake in Puducherry

Ousteri Lake

Puducherry

Man-Made Lake 

(Important Wetlands in India)

It is also called Ossudu Lake as it is located in the village named Ossudu.

It is the largest lake of Puducherry.

 

Velrampet Lake

Puducherry

-

-

Nallambal Lake

Karaikal

Artificial Lake

 

 

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Comments

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Kiran

KiranJan 2, 2022

Mam please provide pdf
Kshirod Kumar Martha
Nagarjuna- telengana or Nagaland?
Nagakartheek
Thank you madam
Ahamed Basha
Nagarjuna Sagar is in Telengana or Andhra Pradesh
Sanith Kumar Kotte
AP and Telangana were divided in 2014, but i don't think after reading this article they were divided yet
Lucky Sharma

Lucky SharmaJan 25, 2022

Thanks mam
Mani Cna

Mani CnaMay 11, 2022

There is no pdf download link
Raahul Kumar

Raahul KumarMay 11, 2022

Nice notes

FAQs

  • Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir is the Largest freshwater lake 2022 in India.

  • Chilka Lake, Odisha is the largest Saline water lake in India.

  • Kareri Lake in Himachal Pradesh is known to be the the cleanest lake in India.

  • Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar is a man-made lake located in Uttar Pradesh.

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