List of 62 Most Important Lakes in India (State Wise) 2022

By Ashwini Shivhare|Updated : September 7th, 2022

Lakes in India: In SSC and Railway exams, one of the most important topics under the general awareness section is Lakes in India. This article provides you with a list of important lakes in India with their location that is a frequent topic in the SSC Exams, Railway and other government exams. In this article, we would learn about what are lakes, Freshwater lakes in India, the largest freshwater lake in India, Saltwater lakes in India the important lakes in India, the types of lakes and a State-wise list of important lakes in India. Candidates must regularly revise these study notes on lakes of India, especially for all upcoming SSC and Railway Exams 2022 especially SSC CGL 2022SSC CHSL 2022, etc. 

Table of Content

What are Lakes?

Lake is a surface water body that is surrounded by land. Rivers will be outlets or inlets to the lakes i.e. lakes take the water from rivers or act as a source of water. Lakes are found in various landscapes like Hilly areas, plains, plateaus, rift zones, etc. In this article, we will read state wise list of Natural Lakes in India.

Type of Lakes

India has a number of lakes that hold significance in everyday life. Depending on the nature of the water in the lakes we can easily categorise the lakes into the following categories. Check out the table given below, we have provided you with the types of lakes that are found in India. 

S.NoCategory of Lake in India
1.Freshwater Lakes
2.Saltwater Lakes
3.Natural Lakes
4.Oxbow Lakes
5.Artificial Lakes
6.Crater Lakes

There are various types of lakes which can be classified based on different criteria – They are Fresh Water Lakes, Salt Water lakes, Natural Lakes, Artificial Lakes, oxbow lakes, Crater lakes etc. The details of these lakes are mentioned below:

Fresh Water Lake

Fresh Water Lakes are unsalted water which are usually found in low-lying areas these are fed from rivers, streams, and runoff from the surrounding area. In India, the largest freshwater lake is Wular Lake. 

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Salt Water Lake

As the name suggests saltwater lake contains a concentration of salts and other dissolved minerals significantly higher than most lakes (at least 3 grams per litre of water).

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Artificial Lake

Artificial Lake is a man-made lake that is used to store water for public use.

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Oxbow Lake

Oxbow lake is formed when a wide meander of a river is cut off. A lake is then formed when the river finds a different shorter course.

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Crater Lake

A crater lake is created from the collapse or explosive activity of a volcanic eruption.  

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Freshwater Lakes in India

Lakes get their water from a variety of sources, including rain, snow, melting ice, streams, and groundwater seepage. Most lakes contain freshwater. Lakes come in two varieties: open and closed. When water leaves a lake by way of a river or another outlet, it is seen as being open. Public access to all freshwater lakes is available. If evaporation is the sole means for water to leave the lake, it is closed. Long-closed lakes frequently develop a saline, or salty, odour. This is because evaporating water leaves behind solids, the majority of which are salts.

  1. Wular Lake (Jammu and Kashmir)
  2. Shivaji Sagar lake (Maharashtra)
  3. Indira Sagar Lake (Madhyapradesh)
  4. Sardar Sarovar Lake (Gujarat)
  5. Loktak Lake (Manipur)
  6. Nagarjuna Sagar lake (Telangana)
  7. Kolleru Lake (Andhra Pradesh)
  8. Gobind sagar lake (Himachal pradesh)
  9. Dhebar Lake (Rajasthan)
  10. Kanwar Lake (Bihar)

The question regarding which is the largest freshwater lake in India has been a frequent question in a number of government exams. To answer that, the largest freshwater lake in India is "Wular Lake" in Jammu and Kashmir State. Here are some important facts about Wular Lake. 

Facts About Wular Lake

  • Lake Wular is situated in Bandipora district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Wular Lake is situated on the Jhelum River.
  • Wular Lake is also one of the largest freshwater lakes in Asia.
  • Wular Lake became a Ramsar site on 23 March 1990. 

Saltwater Lakes in India

Salt lakes form when the endorheic nature of the lake prevents the inflowing water, which contains salt or minerals, from evaporating. The water evaporates, leaving behind any dissolved salts and raising the lake's salinity, making it the perfect place for salt production. Hypersaline lakes are those that occasionally have salt concentrations higher than those found in ocean water.

Important Saltwater Lakes in India

Below are some important Saltwater lakes in India, Candidates can refer to the list given below for the upcoming SSC & Railways 2022 Exams:

  1. Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan)
  2. Chilka Lake (Odisha)
  3. Lonar Lake (Maharashtra)
  4. Pulicat Lake (Andhra Pradesh-Tamil Nadu state border)
  5. Pangong Tso Lake (Ladakh)
  6. Pachpadra Lake (Rajasthan) 

Use of Lakes: Why are Lakes Important

The lakes hold a great deal of importance to India. Here are some of the importance that the lakes provide to us:

  • Drinking water
  • Irrigation
  • Navigation
  • Water storage
  • Livelihood (fishing, etc.)
  • Home to aquatic animals
  • Impact on microclimate, etc.

Other Important Articles: Railways & SSC Notes: Riverside Cities and States in India

Important Facts About Lakes in India

Here are some of the commonly asked questions about Lakes in India. Read the essential facts about the famous lakes in India. 

  • The largest freshwater lake in India – Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir
  • The largest Saline water lake in India – Chilka Lake, Odisha
  • The highest lake in India (Altitude) – Cholamu lake, Sikkim
  • The longest Lake in India – Vembanad lake, Kerala
  • The largest Artificial Lake in India – Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

Attempt the quiz on important lakes in India

Top 10 Largest Lakes in India

According to the area covered by the lakes, we have prepared a list of the top 10 largest lakes in India that are found in India. Check out the table given below along with the state where there are located:

List of largest Lakes (Decreasing order of area covered)State/UT
Vembanad LakeKerala
Chilika LakeOdisha
Shivaji Sagar LakeMaharashtra
Indira Sagar lakeMadhya Pradesh
Pangong LakeLadakh
Pulicat LakeAndhra Pradesh
Sardar Sarovar LakeGujarat
Nagarjuna Sagar LakeTelangana
Loktak LakeManipur
Wular lakeJammu and Kashmir

Lakes in India 

The table given below provides you with a list of important lakes in India & their location. Check the state-wise lakes that are found in India that are asked in SSC/Railway exams frequently. 

State

Name

District

Type of Lakes

Facts/Description

Andhra Pradesh

Pulicat Lake

Sullurpet

Brackish Water

It encompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary;
Satish Dhawan Space Centre is located here

Kolleru Lake

Vijayawada

Freshwater

Home to migratory birds

Nagarjuna Sagar

Nalgonda

Freshwater

Artificially constructed;
Krishna river

Assam

Haflong Lake

Silchar

Freshwater

High altitude lake

DeeporBeel

Kamrup

Freshwater

Under Ramsar Convention

Son Beel

Karimganj

Freshwater (Tectonically formed)

The largest wetland in Assam

Chandubi lake

Kamrup

Freshwater

Migratory Birds (winter);
formed by the 1897 earthquake

Bihar

Kanwar Lake

Begusarai

Oxbow (freshwater)

Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake;

Gujarat

Hamirsar lake

Kutch

Artificial

Situated in the centre of Bhuj

Kankaria lake

Ahmedabad

Artificial

During 14th century by Muhammed Shah II

Narayan Sarovar

Kutch

Artificial freshwater

A pilgrimage site for Hindus

Thol Lake

Mehsana

Lentic lake

Constructed for irrigation purposes

Vastrapur

Ahmedabad

Freshwater

Narmada River;
Picnic spot

Haryana 

Badkal Lake

Faridabad

Freshwater

Man-made

Blue Bird Lake

Hisar

Freshwater

Migratory Birds, Wetland Habitat

Brahma Sarovar

Thaneswar

Freshwater

Ancient water pool sacred to Hinduism

Damdama Lake

Sohna

Freshwater

Constructed by the British government for Rainwater Harvesting

Karna

Karnal

Freshwater

Connected to the great epic Mahabharata

Tilyar

Rohtak

Freshwater (canal inflow)

Located inside Tilyar Zoo

Himachal Pradesh 

Chandra Taal

Lahul and Spiti

Sweetwater lake

Ramsar wetland site

Suraj Taal

Lahul and Spiti

Freshwater (High Altitude)

Bhaga River inflow

Maharana Pratap Sagar

Kangra

Freshwater

Ramsar site

Prashar lake

Mandi

Holomitic (Freshwater)

It has a floating island

Karnataka

Agara lake

Bangalore

Freshwater

Located in the southwest part of the city

Bellandur Lake

Bangalore

Freshwater

 -

Karanji lake

Mysore

 -

Butterfly park

Ulsoor lake

Bangalore

Stale water

It has several islands

Kukarahalli lake

Mysore

Freshwater

Recreational

Honnamana

Kodagu

Freshwater

Holy lake, a place for various festivals

Pampa Sarovar

Hampi

Freshwater

Tungabhadra river

Kerala

Ashtamudi Kayal

Kollam

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland site

Kuttanad

Alappuzha, Kottayam

 

Backwater paddy cultivation

Vembanad

 -

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland; boat race

Shashtamkotta

Kollam

Freshwater

Ramsar wetland

Madhya Pradesh

Bhojtal

Bhopal

Freshwater

Ramsar site; largest artificial lake in India

 

Maharashtra

 

Salim Ali

Aurangabad

Freshwater

Birdwatching

Shivsagar

Satara

Freshwater

Koyna dam

Lonar lake

Buldhana

Crater lake

National Geo-Heritage monument

Manipur

Loktak lake

 -

Lenticular freshwater

Ramsar wetland; Phumdis (Floating Islands); Multipurpose project

Meghalaya

Umiam

Shillong

Freshwater

Famous for cycling and boating

Mizoram

Tam Dil

Saitual

Freshwater

 -

Orissa

Chilika lake

Puri

Brackish water

India's largest brackish water lake; lagoon

Kanjia lake

Bhubaneswar

Freshwater

Wetland of national importance

Punjab

Harike

Ferozepur

Freshwater

Ramsar wetland site

Rupar

Rupnagar

Freshwater

Manmade riverine lake

Kanjli

Kapurthala

Freshwater

Ramsar wetland site

 

Rajasthan

Sambhar lake

Sambhar Lake-town

Saltwater

Ramsar wetland; largest inland saltwater lake in India

Rajsamand

Rajsamand

Freshwater

 -

 

Sikkim

Tsomgo lake

East Sikkim

Freshwater

Winter frozen

Khecheoplari

West Sikkim

Freshwater

Sacred lake for Hindus and Buddhists

Tamil Nadu

 

Ooty lake

Nilgiris

Freshwater

Boat House

Chembarambakkam

Chennai

Artificial lake

 -

Telangana

 

Hussain Sagar

Hyderabad

Artificial lake

Artificial Gibraltar rock-island

Badrakali lake

Warangal

Freshwater

Artificial lake

Uttar Pradesh

Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar

Sonbhadra

Man-made lake

Rihand dam

Belasagar

Kulpahar

Freshwater

Irrigation lake

Uttarakhand

Bhimtal

Nainital

Freshwater

Medium altitude lake

West Bengal

East Calcutta wetlands

Calcutta

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland

Check: Tricks to Remember Wildlife Sanctuaries in India 

List of Important Lakes in Union Territories 

Not only in the states but Union Territories also are known for lakes. Some of the important lakes such as Pangong Tso, Dal lake, Wular lake etc are located in the union territories of India. The given list provides you with a list of lakes in these union territories

State

Name

District

Type of Lakes

Facts/Description

Chandigarh

Sukhna Lake

Chandigarh

Reservoir

-

Ladakh

 

 

Tso Moriri or Lake Moriri 

Ladakh

Brackish

Known as 'Mountain Lake'

Tso Kar

LadakhFluctuating Salt Lake-

Pangong Tso

Leh--

Jammu & Kashmir

Dal lake

Srinagar

Warm monomitic

Remnants of the past glacial period

Nageen Lake

Srinagar

Eutrophic Lake

Seldomly considered to be a part of Dal Lake

Pangong Tso

Ladakh

Endorheic Lake (saline water)

Indo-China Border

Wular lake

Bandipora

Tectonic lake (freshwater)

The largest freshwater lake in India

TsoMoriri

Ladakh

Saltwater

High altitude lake

West Bengal

East Calcutta wetlands

Calcutta

Brackish water

Ramsar wetland

Puducherry

 

Bahour Lake

Puducherry

-

The second largest lake in Puducherry

Ousteri Lake

Puducherry

Man-Made Lake 

(Important Wetlands in India)

It is also called Ossudu Lake as it is located in the village named Ossudu.

It is the largest lake in Puducherry. 

Velrampet Lake

Puducherry

-

-

Nallambal Lake

Karaikal

Artificial Lake

 

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FAQs

  • You can find the list of all the important lakes in India in the article. Candidates can save this article for future reference as lakes of India is an important topic from the exam point of view where there are 1-2 questions asked from this section.

  • The important freshwater lakes in India are :

    1. Wular Lake (Jammu and Kashmir)
    2. Shivaji Sagar lake (Maharashtra)
    3. Indira Sagar Lake (Madhyapradesh)
    4. Sardar Sarovar Lake (Gujarat) etc.


  • The important Saltwater lakes in India are:

    • Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan)
    • Chilka Lake (Odisha)
    • Lonar Lake (Maharashtra)
    • Pulicat Lake (Andhra Pradesh-Tamil Nadu state border)


  • The list of Important Rivers in the Union Territories is mentioned in this article. A few of the Important Rivers in the Union Territories are given below:

    • Bahour Lake
    • Ousteri Lake
    • Velrampet Lake
    • Nallambal Lake
    • Sukhna Lake etc.
  • Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir is the Largest freshwater lake 2022 in India.

  • Chilka Lake, Odisha is the largest Saline water lake in India.

  • Kareri Lake in Himachal Pradesh is known to be the cleanest lake in India.

  • Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar is a man-made lake located in Uttar Pradesh.

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