Kothari Commission 1964-66

By K Balaji|Updated : September 7th, 2022

Kothari Commission 1964-66 was the commission established by the government of India to enhance the status of the Education system in India under the Chairmanship of Daulat Singh. It was formed for two years and got dissolved on 29 June 1966. The experts based in France, Sweden, the UK, Japan, and the USA were members of the Kothari Commission. The Kothari Commission is responsible for forming the New Education Policy of India.

Kothari Commission is one of the important commissions formed by the Indian government. Many questions have been asked about the topic in the IAS Exam. Below you will learn about the Kothari Commission, its needs, objectives, recommendations of the Kothari Commission, its report, and advantages and disadvantages of the commission.

Table of Content

What is Kothari Commission 1964-66?

Kothari Commission was formed on July 14, 1964, with the major aim of increasing the level of real education in the country. It collects all the necessary information for uplifting the Indian education system. The collected data is then presented to the Indian Government. Along with this, the Kothari commission is also responsible for making appropriate recommendations for effectively formulating the Education policy.

➩ Download Kothari Commission Short Notes

Overview of Kothari Commission 1964-66

The highlights of the Kothari Commission 1964-66 are as follows-



Kothari Commission official name

National Education Commission, 1964

Kothari Commission was formed on

July 14, 1964

Total Members of Kothari Commission


Chairman of Kothari Commission

Dr Dulat Singh Kothari (D.S Kothari)

Headquarters of Kothari Commission

New Delhi, India

Reports submitted on

June 29, 1966

Need of the Kothari Commission

Kothari Commission was introduced to develop the existing education system. The government observed a lot of defects in the education system and felt a strong need to come up with a commission that would help the education system bloom in the correct way. The following needs led to the formation of the Kothari commission in India-

  • The Indian education system was not giving appropriate significance to the agriculture system.
  • The academics was divided into a lot of portions.
  • The Indian education system doesn’t hold the idea of National reconstruction.
  • There was no emphasis on providing spiritual or moral; values to enhance the character formation of the students.

Objectives of the Kothari Commission

Seeing the need to change the education system in india, the Kothari commission was established with the major objectives listed below-

  • It aims to find a general pattern of education in India and evolve it in a better way.
  • It works to provide policies and guidelines for developing Indian education.
  • Examine every aspect ( even at a smaller level) of the Indian education sector
  • It had its emphasis on two primary domains of education. These are legal education and medical education.

Recommendations of the Kothari Commission

There were 23 recommendations of the Kothari Commission that aims to improve the quality of the education system in India. These can be summarised as improving the quality of Textbooks, improvement in curriculum, and objectives for national education, restructuring of education structure, enhancing the mode of teaching, and improving the status of teachers.

The critical 23 recommendations of the Kothari Commission are as follows-

  • Evaluation
  • Higher Education – Enrollment
  • Work Experience
  • Administrative Problems
  • University – Aims, Objectives, and Functions
  • Adult Education
  • Teacher Education
  • University Autonomy
  • Education on Morals and Religion
  • Vocational Education
  • Selective Admission
  • Distance Education
  • Three language formula
  • Problems of Supervision and inspection
  • Guidance and counseling
  • Education of women
  • Physical welfare of students
  • Educational structures and standards
  • Curriculum
  • Textbook
  • Methods of Teaching
  • Aims of the education
  • Defects in the existing education system

Here is the brief detail on the important recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1964-1966) is as follows-

  • There was a provision for compulsory and free education to all - It came out with a provision that every child aged 6 to 14 years.
  • It was of the idea that there must be three language formula, i.e., all the schools at the state level must promote three languages which include English, Hindi, and any regional language in case of the states where Hindi is not a speaking language.
  • It focuses on the promotion of regional languages, Sanskrit, and other international languages along with others.
  • It has recommended to provide a good and favorable work environment for the teachers. Along with this, it also favors the funding necessary to conduct education smoothly.
  • It promoted the education of the tribal, backward classes, girls, and physically and mentally disturbed kids.
  • It is recommended to put the focus on maths and science as they are a vital part of modern education.
  • It forced on setting up reforms to enhance an individual's education at the University level. It includes the measures like putting special attention on research at the PG level and services like labs, libraries, and funds.

Kothari Commission Report

After the tenancy of the Kothari Commission, the report was sent to the government depending on comparative research in two years (1964 to 1966). The report was submitted on 29 June 1996. The report of the Kothari Commission was divided into four different sections. These are-

  • Section 1- This section of the report deals with the problems related to the general education system.
  • Section 2- Section 2 of the Kothari Commission report deals with the education of the students at different stages.
  • Section 3- Section 3 of the report is responsible for the implementation of the various programs and recommendations suggested by the Kothari Commission.
  • Section 4- Section 4 of the report deals with the supplementary papers.

Also, the commission suggested that there is no need for reforms to develop the education system in India. Along with this, it suggested that the education system need not be transformed. Instead, it should be noted that the education provided to the students must relate to their aims, needs, life, and dreams.

Advantages of the Kothari Commission

After the Kothari Commission report, there were a lot of significant changes in the existing education sector. These were

  • The bill for the National education policy was passed in the Parliament under the leadership of Indira Gandhi.
  • The new National Education Policy came into being that changed the aligned of the education system into the 10+2+3 pattern.
  • Also, the Kothari commission was responsible for influencing the National Policy on Education in 1986.
  • The education system got separated into two boards- the Central board and the state board.

Disadvantages of the Kothari Commission

Though the Kothari Commission was successful in bringing on the changes in the education system. It cannot be denied that it has a lot of demerits. The disadvantages or demerits of the Kothari Commission are as under-

  • Lack of explanation- It suggested a few solutions but doesn’t give an explanation for its implementation or how to achieve it.
  • Huge financial investment- The transformation of the education system, as per the Kothari Commission, requires a lot of financial investment.
  • Conflicting- There were many people who thought that most of the recommendations by the Commission were controversial and may lead to conflicts in the future.
  • Positions of the head- There was no recommendation or suggestion over the head of the schools or colleges.

Kothari Commission UPSC

Kothari Commission UPSC has significance in the IAS Exam with equal importance in UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains exam. So, the aspirants must know everything about the Kothari Commission. You can learn more about the topic and all other related topics by going through the NCERT Books for UPSC and UPSC Study Material.

Also, you can check your preparation for the UPSC Exam by solving the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers.

Kothari Commission UPSC Questions

Many questions have been asked from the Kothari Commission in the UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains exam. A few of the Kothari Commission UPSC Questions are as follows-

Questions for Prelims- Which of the following commissions in their report recommended that science Education and Research should receive high priority to accelerate the national economy?

  1. Acharya Narendra Dev Committee
  2. Mudaliyar Commission
  3. Radhakrishnan Commission
  4. Kothari Commission

Answer- Kothari Commission

Question- Which of the following suggested continuing education

  1. Mudhaliyar Commission
  2. Chadah Commission
  3. Kothari Commission
  4. Bhore Committee

Answer- Kothari Commission

Questions for Mains- “India faces challenges in providing quality education to its children and the youth.” Discuss the importance of the new education policy in light of this statement.

Kothari Commission UPSC Notes PDF

Kothari Commission has a significant role in the Indian education system; thus, it is a crucial part of the UPSC Exams. You can learn about this topic by downloading the Kothari Commission UPSC Notes PDF by the link provided below-

Other Important UPSC Notes
Good GovernanceSocial Empowerment
Public Distribution SystemAyushman Bharat Scheme
Wetlands in IndiaSpecial Economic Zone In India
National Commission for WomenZero Coupon Bond
Black CarbonPermanent Settlement
Aspirational District ProgrammeCitizenship Amendment Act (CAA 2019)


write a comment

FAQs on Kothari Commission

  • Kothari Commission is a commission formed by the Indian government with the major aim of improving the quality of the Indian education system. The commission is responsible for forming effective policies for enhancing the level of education in the Indian government.

  • The commissions other than the Kothari Commission related to the Indian education system are the University education commission (1948) and Mudaliar Commission (1952-53). The University education commission was set up to report the education status of Indian universities, while the Mudaliar commissions were formed to deal with the secondary education system.

  • The chairman of the Kothari Commission was Chairmanship Daulat Singh Kothari, thus named the Kothari commission. Along with being the Chairman of the Kothari Commission, Daulat Singh Kothari was the chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC).

  • Hunter Commission was the first education commission adopted in India in 1882. Hunter Commission was set up under the chairmanship of Sir William Hunter.

  • Kothari Commission was established to bring on the development of the Indian education system. The Kothari Commission resulted in the formation of the National education policy in 1968.

Featured Articles

Follow us for latest updates