Jizya tax was imposed on ______?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

A jizya tax was imposed on Hindus. The jizya tax has historically been regarded in Islam as a payment for the protection provided by the Muslim ruler to non-Muslims, for the exemption of non-Muslims from military service, for the right to practice a non-Muslim faith in a Muslim state with some communal autonomy, and as tangible evidence of the non-Muslims' submission to the Muslim state and its laws.

Jizya Tax

  • The jizya was outlawed by the third Mughal emperor Akbar in 1579.
  • In place of military duty, Aurangzeb chose to reimpose jizya on non-Muslim subjects in 1679.
  • This decision was sharply opposed by numerous Hindu emperors and Mughal court officials.
  • Jizya was a fee the Muslim kings imposed on the region's Hindu citizens in exchange for their protection.
  • Jizya was originally imposed in India by Qutb-ud-din Aibak. The Mughal emperor Akbar abolished jizya in the 16th century, but Aurangzeb reinstated it in the 17th.
  • Payments for jizya were frequently made in silver. Government employees and members of the clergy were exempt. According to Rizvi, Gujarat contributed 3.5% of the total money gathered from various areas. Many Hindu craftsmen, loan sharks, and cloth sellers demonstrated in Delhi against the imposition of the jizya, but the demonstrators were crushed under the weight of the elephants.

Summary:

Jizya tax was imposed on ______?

For Hindus, a jizya tax was enforced. Islam has traditionally viewed the jizya tax as a payment for the non-Muslim subjects' protection by the Muslim ruler, their exemption from military service, their right to practice a non-Muslim religion in a Muslim state with some communal autonomy, and as a physical manifestation of their submission to the Muslim state and its laws.

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