Is it Important to Increase the Area Under Irrigation? Why?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : October 6th, 2022

It is important to increase the area under irrigation. For more than 58 percent of India's population, agriculture is their primary source of income. India is the second largest producer of agricultural commodities in the world. In 2018, more than half of India's workforce was employed in agriculture, contributing 17-18% of GDP. This post will discuss the importance of increasing the area under irrigation.

Importance of Increasing the Area Under Irrigation

Irrigation is the science of artificially applying water to land so that crops can get the water they need to produce enough food for a lifetime. Groundwater well-based irrigation systems, tanks, and other rain-collecting structures that makeup India's irrigation system are all connected by large, small canals that drain Indian rivers. The groundwater system is the largest of these.

  • It is important to expand the irrigated area as the water is important for agriculture.
  • In India, where rainfall is unevenly distributed, less rainfall will result in lower yields and allow farmers to cultivate only one crop per season.
  • With a proper irrigation system, multiple cropping will be possible, which will help in increasing the production per hectare.

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FAQs on Importance to Increase the Area Under Irrigation

  • Yes, it is important to increase the area under irrigation because 58 percent of India's population is dependent on agriculture for their income.

  • Water is artificially applied to the soil by various tubes, pumps, and spraying systems. Irrigation is frequently used in regions with erratic rainfall, dry spells, or potential drought.

  • Nearly 48.8% of India's 140 million hectares (MHA) of agricultural land is in irrigated areas.

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