Importance of Increasing the Area Under Irrigation
Irrigation is the science of artificially applying water to land so that crops can get the water they need to produce enough food for a lifetime. Groundwater well-based irrigation systems, tanks, and other rain-collecting structures that makeup India's irrigation system are all connected by large, small canals that drain Indian rivers. The groundwater system is the largest of these.
- It is important to expand the irrigated area as the water is important for agriculture.
- In India, where rainfall is unevenly distributed, less rainfall will result in lower yields and allow farmers to cultivate only one crop per season.
- With a proper irrigation system, multiple cropping will be possible, which will help in increasing the production per hectare.