Functions of the Central Bureau of Investigation
- Investigations conducted by the CBI have a significant impact on the political and economic climate of the nation.
- The CBI handles criminal cases of the following general categories:
- Corruption and fraud were allegations against all central government agencies, public sector organizations, and financial institutions.
- Economic crimes include large-scale drug, antiquities, cultural, and other illegal product smuggling, financial and banking fraud, Foreign Exchange Act breaches, and Import and Export Act violations.
- Particular crimes include terrorism, bombings, violent killings, kidnappings for ransom, and crimes committed by the mafia or the underworld.
- Disseminating criminal information and keeping track of crime statistics.
Is CBI a statutory body?
The Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, passed in 1946, grants CBI its authority even though it is not a Statutory entity. It was established in 1941 as a unique police unit maintaining home security.
- Later, the CBI's establishment was advised by the Santhanam Committee for the Prevention of Corruption suggested the CBI's establishment.
- It is the top investigating body for the Indian government.
- The Director, an IPS officer with Director General of Police rank, is in charge of the CBI.