IPS Full Form: Indian Police Service Facts, Eligibility, Training

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : July 7th, 2022

IPS Full Form is Indian Police Service, one of the IPS is one of the three arms of All Indian Services along with IAS and IFS. The IPS, also known as the Indian Police Service was created by the Indian Government in 1948. It is the administrative diplomatic civil service under the Central Civil Service of the branch of the Indian Government. Currently, IPS is regulated by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

To become an IPS officer, aspirants need to clear Civil Services Examination, which is conducted by Union Public Service Commission. UPSC Civil Services Examination is one of the toughest exams in India. IPS is responsible for ensuring the safety of citizens by taking care of law and order. 

Table of Content

What is IPS Full Form?

IPS Full Form is Indian Police Service. IPS is included among the three most prestigious All India Services i.e. Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, and Indian Foreign Service. Every year, Union Public Service Commission( UPSC) conducts Civil Services Examination to recruit candidates for the Indian Police Service (IPS). Those who aspire to become must check their eligibility, and start their preparation as early as possible.

IPS officer also contribute their responsibilities in management and senior administrative positions in India to reduce the crime levels. In this article, we have covered the IPS Full Form, and apart from that we have discussed the IPS exam, the age limit to become an IPS officer, the roles of IPS officers, the IPS syllabus, etc.

IPS Full Form Overview

We have covered the complete structure of the Indian Police Service (IPS) below.

IPS Full Form

Indian Police Service

IPS Full Form in Hindi

भारतीय पुलिस सेवा

IPS Exam

It is an All India Exam conducted by UPSC

Mode of IPS Exam

Pen Paper (Offline mode)

IPS officer Age Limit

The lower age limit is 21, and upper age limit is 32( age relaxation applied for the various category)

IPS Officer Qualification

Bachelor's Degree required from government recognized university.

IPS Job Profile

Ensuring the safety of citizens by taking care of law and order. 

IPS Salary

Starting IPS Salary is Rs. 56,100

IPS Stands For?

IPS is included in one of three All India Services of India, and it stands for Indian Police Service. IPS officers command and provide leadership to the state and UT’s police forces, National Security Guards, CAPF forces, etc. IPS officers lead the force with dedication, courage, and a strong sense of service to the people, IPS Candidates hold officers of IGP, SP, ASP, DIB, GDP, ADGP, etc. IPS officers get promoted as well on the basis of their performance. Hierarchy wise IPS is among the three top-level posts among the 24 Civil services including IFSIRS, IFoS, etc

IPS Full Form in Hindi

IPS का पूर्ण रूप भारतीय पुलिस सेवा है। भारतीय पुलिस सेवा 1948 में भारत सरकार द्वारा बनाई गई थी। IPS भारत सरकार की शाखा की केंद्रीय सिविल सेवा के तहत प्रशासनिक राजनयिक सिविल सेवा है। वर्तमान में, IPS को गृह मंत्रालय द्वारा नियंत्रित किया जाता है। IPS अधिकारी बनने के लिए, उम्मीदवारों को Civil Services Exam उत्तीर्ण करने की आवश्यकता होती है, जो UPSC द्वारा आयोजित की जाती है

IPS Full Form in Other Languages

As we have mentioned above, the full form of IPS is the Indian Police Service. However below we have mentioned the IPS Full Form in other languages.

  • IPS Full Form in Hindi- भारतीय पुलिस सेवा
  • IPS Full Form in Marathi- भारतीय प्रशासकीय सेवा
  • Full Form of IPS in Kannada - ಭಾರತೀಯ ಪೊಲೀಸ್ ಸೇವೆ
  • IPS Full Form in Tamil - இந்திய காவல் சேவை
  • Full Form of IPS in Gujarati - ભારતીય પોલીસ સેવા
  • IPS Full Form in Bangla- ভারতীয় পুলিশ সার্ভিস
  • Full Form of IPS in Malayalam - ഇന്ത്യൻ പോലീസ് സർവീസ്
  • Full Form of IPS in Telugu - ఇండియన్ పోలీస్ సర్వీస్

IPS Full Form in Police Department - Posts

There are several posts that an IPS officer holds in their career.

  • Full Form of SP – Superintendent of Police
  • ASP Full Form – Assistant Superintendent of Police
  • DGP Full Form– Director General of Police
  • Full Form of DSP – Deputy Superintendent of Police
  • ACP Full Form – Assistant Commissioner of Police

IPS Age Limit

To become an IPS officer, candidates need to meet the UPSC Eligibility Criteria for age limit first. The minimum age required to apply for the IPS exam is 21 years, and the upper age limit is 32 years as of August of that particular year of the exam. However, age relaxation can be applied as per the category. 


Minimum Age Limit

Maximum Age Limit







IAS Age Limit for SC/ST






IPS Educational Qualification

Apart from the age limit, candidates must meet the educational qualification to apply for the IPS exam. The educational qualifications to become an IPS officer are given below.

  • Those who are graduated from a government-recognized university or have an equivalent qualification can apply for the IPS Exam.
  • Additionally, candidates who are in their final year, and waiting for the result can also apply for the IPS exam. 

IPS Physical Eligibility

To become IPS officers, candidates need to meet the following physical ability:


IPS physical eligibility for Male 

IPS physical eligibility for Female


165 cm[For ST (except SC/ OBC) – 160 cm]

150 cm [For ST (except SC/ OBC)- 145 cm]


Minimum 84 cm. Expansion 5 cm

Min 79 cm expansion 5 cm


6/6 or 6/9 distant vision for good eye

6/12 or 6/9 for worst eye. Near vision J 1 for good eye. J2 for worst eye

IPS Exam -  Stage Wise Details 

IPS full form is the Indian Police Service, and the exam conducted to recruit IPS officers is known as the UPSC CSE exam. IPS exam is conducted every year by Union Public Service Commission or popularly known as UPSC. UPSC conducts Civil Services Exam which is conducted in three stages- Prelims, Mains and Personality Test. Those who clear all three stages of UPSC CSE and medical tests are recruited as IPS officers by the government.

IPS Exam Prelims 

The UPSC Prelims is the screening test for the UPSC Exam to find eligible candidates for the next two stages of the UPSC exam. The marks secured in this exam won’t be considered for the final result-making. Those who aspire to become IPS officers must clear this first round. 

UPSC Prelims include two papers- General Studies-1 and General Studies-2 (CSAT). It is advised that candidates must go through the UPSC Prelims Syllabus and CSAT Syllabus to analyze the important topics in the UPSC Prelims exam, and shape their preparation accordingly. Candidates should know that the CSAT is qualifying in nature, which requires 33% to qualify. On the other hand, the marks secured in the General Studies-2 will be considered for the merit list.

IPS Exam Mains

This is the second stage of the UPSC Exam, and those who clear UPSC Prelims will be able to appear for UPSC Mains. UPSC Mains is a descriptive exam that comprises 9 papers. Out of these 9 papers, two are optional subjects and they will be chosen by the candidates. There are a total of 48 optional subjects to choose from.

UPSC Mains is highly imperative because the marks secured in this exam will be considered for the Final result making. Candidates need to analyze the UPSC Mains Syllabus properly and kickstart their preparation.

Personality Test

The personality Test or the Interview round is the last stage of the UPSC Exam. Those who clear the UPSC Mains, get e-summon letters for the interview stage. The UPSC interview is conducted at the Dholpur House, New Delhi. In this round, selected candidates will be interviewed by the Board members. 

Training of IPS officers

After the completion of the Interview round, the final result is published by the UPSC. 

  • The selected candidates will be called for training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA). Here the IPS officers will go through a foundation course for three months.
  • After that, the IPS officers will go to the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the rest of their training.
  • These selected IPS officers undergo training for two and half years.
  • The IPS training includes various law enforcement activities, and physical training as well. The topper of the training receives Prime Minister's Baton.

Roles of an IPS Officer

The main role of an IPS officer is to maintain the internal security of India. Sardar Patel defined IPS as one of the necessary pillars of the Indian Democracy along with IAS. IPS officers are responsible for the law and order, sovereignty, and integrity of India. The roles of an IPS officer are:

  • Maintain peace and order by preventing crimes,
  • IPS officers maintain peace at the borders as well.
  • IPS officers also provide security to the important people
  • They are involved in the detection, and collection of data to promote security and safety.
  • Leading and commanding CBI, RAW, CID, IB, and also CAPF in all the states and the UTs.
  • They interact and coordinate with the All India Services and Army in general.
  • Additionally, IPS officers address economic offenses.

Skills Required to Become an IPS officer 

Being an IPS officer is not an easy job, the following are the must-have skills to become an IPS officer.

  • Communication Skills- The ability to communicate is a must for the IPS officer especially while dealing with people.
  • Decision Making- an IPSC must have the ability to make the right decision in tough situations.
  • Physical Endurance- it is important for the IPS officers to maintain a basic level of physical fitness.
  • Problem Solving Skills- the ability to approach problems and find solutions is required for an IPS officer.
  • Trust Building- building trust in the community, IPS officers need to be in constant communication with the citizens.

IPS Salary

The salary of an IPS officer starts at Rs. 56,100 per month, and it can go up to Rs. 2,25,000. Apart from attractive salaries, IPS officers also get various perks and allowances. They also get free accommodation, house help, a vehicle with a driver, and many facilities to make their life easier. The Director-General of Police gets the highest IPS salary of Rs. 2,25,000.

IPS Full Form vs IAS Full Form

The full form of IAS is the Indian Administrative Service, and it is one of the three arms of All India Services along with IPS and IFS. on the other hand the IPS Full Form is the Indian Police Service. The Union Public Service Commission(UPSC) conducts Civil Services Examination to recruit candidates for both IAS and IPS. IAS officers help in Public Administration and Policy Formulation and Implementation. And, IPS officers are charged with investigating crime and maintaining peace and order.


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FAQs on IPS Full Form

  • The IPS Full Form is the Indian Police Service. IPS is one of the three arms of the All India Services along with the Indian Administrative Service and IFS. UPSC Conducts Civil Services Exam every year to recruit candidates for this service.

  • IPS का Full Form भारतीय पुलिस सेवा है। IPS अधिकारी बनने के लिए UPSC परीक्षा को पास करना आवश्यक है।

  • The candidates must hold a bachelor’s degree from a government-recognized university to appear for the UPSC exam. Additionally, those who have appeared final year’s exam and waiting for the result can also apply.

  • The IPS officer gets a monthly salary of Rs 56,100. Apart from the salary, an IPS officer also gets allowances and benefits. The highest IPS salary is Rs. 2,25,000, and the Director-General of Police gets it.

  • Safin Hasan is the youngest IPS officer in India at 22. Safin Hasan became the youngest Indian Police Service officer at the age of 22 by qualifying for the UPSC CSE in 2018, with an All India Rank of 570.

  • Yes, with effective preparation, and a robust study plan, the IPS exam can be cleared in 6 months. Candidates need to have the right UPSC Books and NCERT Books. Additionally, they must focus on Current Affairs as well.

  • No, candidates need to be at least 21 years of age and graduate to be eligible for IPS.

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