In which year Indian Army was Established?

By Priya Gupta|Updated : January 12th, 2023

In 1895, the Indian Army was established. The largest and most land-based branch of the Indian Armed Forces is the Indian Army. The Chief of Army Staff (COAS), a four-star general, is the army's professional commander and the Supreme Commander of India. The Indian Army's principal duties include ensuring national security and unity, protecting the country from external aggression and internal threats, and upholding tranquilly and security within its borders.

Indian Army Establishment Year

On April 1st, 1895, the Indian Army became a legally recognized entity. In 1949, India appointed its first Army Chief. Along with the long-standing East India Company presidency armies, which were also incorporated into it in 1903, the Indian Army was constituted in 1895. Princely states had their forces, which after independence were combined into the national army.

The Indian Army was a British-commanded force that was defined as "the force recruited locally and permanently based in India, together with its expatriate British officers" before India's independence. The British Army in India referred to British Army units that were posted to India for a tour of duty. The Indian Army and the British Army in India were collectively referred to as the Army of India.

The Charter Act of 1833 resulted in the division of the Secretariat of the East India Company's government into four departments, one of which was the Military Department. The armies of the presidencies of Bengal, Bombay, and Madras each functioned as their own Presidency Armies before 1 April 1895, when they were united into a unified force known as the Indian Army.

Summary:

In which year Indian Army was Established?

The Indian Army was acknowledged as a separate legal entity on April 1st, 1895. The Secretariat of the East India Company's government was divided into four departments, including a Military Department, as a result of the Charter Act of 1833. Before 1 April 1895, when they were combined into a single force known as the Indian Army, the armies of the presidencies of Bengal, Bombay, and Madras each served as their own Presidency Armies.

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FAQs on Indian Army Establishment Year

  • On April 1st, 1895, the Indian Army was recognised as a distinct legal organisation. The armies of the presidencies of Bengal, Bombay, and Madras each functioned as their own Presidency Armies prior to 1 April 1895, when they were united into a unified force known as the Indian Army.

  • The professional commander of the army and Supreme Commander of India is the four-star general known as the Chief of Army Staff (COAS). The main responsibilities of the Indian Army are to maintain peace and security inside its boundaries, safeguard national security and unity, and defend the nation against external aggression and internal dangers.

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