In Which Year did the Indian National Congress make a Demand for a Constituent Assembly?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The Indian National Congress made an official demand for a Constituent Assembly in 1935. The idea of a Constituent Assembly was put forward by M.N.Roy in December 1934. M.N.Roy spearheaded the Communist movement in India and was a supporter of radical democracy. The Indian National Congress held its session in April 1936 in Lucknow. This session was presided over by Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.

An official demand for the formation of a Constituent Assembly was made in the session, and the Government of India Act of 1935 was also rejected due to the fact that it didn't favour a Constitution which respected the citizens' will.

Constituent Assembly of India

C. Rajagopalachari was the one who took forward this demand of a Constituent Assembly on 15th November 1939, and his demand got accepted by the British in August 1940. The elections for the Constituent Assembly were held for the first time under the Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946. The Constituent Assembly drafted the Indian Constitution, which was also implemented under the same Cabinet Mission Plan on 16th May 1946.

The Muslim League was apparently not in favour of this assembly and boycotted the assembly after its failed attempts to stop its creation. The Constituent Assembly first met for the first time on 9th December 1946, and its last session was held on 24th January 1950.

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  • The main purpose behind the formation of the Constituent Assembly was to draft the Indian Constitution.

  • C. Rajagopalachari was the one who took forward this demand of a Constituent Assembly on 15th November 1939.

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