In Which States are the Black Soil Found?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The soil is the top layer of the earth's surface, containing humus, inorganic and organic components, and broken rock fragments. The soil is categorized according to its size, color, and texture. One sort of soil that falls within the category of soil categorization based on color is black soil. The name "black soil" was given to the soil because it appears black, as suggested by its name. The two well-known plateaus, the Malwa and Deccan plateaus, are both located in this area of black soil. In this article, we'll learn about the states that have black soil.

States where Black Soil Found

Black soil has a clayey texture and is very fruitful. When dry, black soil is exceedingly hard; when wet, it becomes sticky. These soils often have low sulfur, phosphorus, nitrogen, and organic components. Regur soil is another name for black soil. A lot of moisture can be stored in black soil. 15% of the soil in India is black soil. Maharashtra, Gujarat, and the western regions of Madhya Pradesh are the central states in India with black soils.

Other states that have it include Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, North-Western Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka. The length of black soil also consists of the Deccan plateau and the Malwa region. Since black soil is also known as regur soil and cotton is called regur, this soil is ideal for growing cotton. In addition to cotton, wheat, groundnuts, jowar, tobacco, and chilies can all be grown well on black soil.

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FAQs

  • According to the state-by-state distribution of black soils, Maharashtra has the highest percentage of the total area covered by them (27%), followed by Madhya Pradesh (21.3%), Gujarat (11.5%), Karnataka (9.2%), Andhra Pradesh (7.1%), and Chhattisgarh (5.6%).

  • Regur, which means "black soil," is derived from the Telugu word "reguda" and is frequently referred to as "black cotton soil" because cotton is the most prevalent crop in the regions where it is found. Mineral-rich organic carbon-enriched soils are known as black soils. It has a black surface horizon and is at least 25 cm deep.

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