In what way was the Administration of the Company different from that of Indian Rulers?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 26th, 2022

The administration of the Company was different from that of the Indian rulers in a major way, such as adopting the method of division of the British territories into separate administrative 'Presidencies.' In order to rule in a better way, the East India Company divided its various territories into administrative units called 'Presidencies.' Bengal, Madras, and Bombay were these three administrative divisions or Presidencies.

The Governor was responsible for each Presidency, whereas a Collector ruled a district. The Governor was mainly responsible for taking care of the administrative decisions, whereas the Collector was responsible for collecting taxes and revenue while maintaining law and order in the district.

The East India Company Administration

The administrative methods of the East India Company were quite different from those of the Indian rulers. Ironically, the East India Company took suggestions from highly intellectual people, including the priests in order to make any administrative decisions while respecting the beliefs of the local people. On the contrary, Indian rulers never preferred to do so.

The highest in order or the head of the administration was the Governor-General under the East India Company, whereas during Indian rule, the highest in order or the head of the administration was the king.

A new justice system was set up in 1772, where each district was provided with two types of courts: a 'criminal court' and a 'civil court.' Later on, a Supreme Court was also established under the Regulatory Act of 1773, along with a Court of Appeal in Calcutta.

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  • The administrative divisions during the East India Company rule were called the ‘Presidencies’.

  • The Supreme Court was established under the Regulatory Act of 1773.

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