Improve your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist: 30th July, 2021

By Shrayans Jain|Updated : July 30th, 2021

Over the last couple of years, the English section of the competitive exams has given good surprises. You must have encountered one or more new types of questions in almost every exam you appear for. Many of these questions exclusively check your vocabulary skills. So, apart from enhancing your reading, writing, and speaking skills, a sound grip on vocabulary helps you score better in examinations. 

 

Reading is one of the best ways to boost your vocabulary. As you read a piece of writing, you come across new words that you might not have come across before. So, we must always try to inculcate a habit of reading.

Keeping this vision in mind, we bring to you the series, ‘Improve your Vocabulary from Newspaper Wordlist’. The articles in this series fulfill your daily intake of English words.

The series tries to feature words from an article, with their meanings, contextual usage, pronunciation, synonyms, antonyms, proper use in sentences, etc. Given below is an important editorial from the newspaper ‘The Hindu'. Read it, understand the context, and go through the meanings of words to boost up your learning.

Happy Reading!

Virulence and variance: On post-pandemic economic strains

Important Words from the Article

1. WordVirulence (उग्रता)

  • Pronunciation: vir-yuh-luhns/विर्यलन्स
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. quality of being virulent
    b. venomous hostility
    c. intense sharpness of temper
  • Synonyms: bitterness, acrimony, venom
  • Antonyms: kindness, affection, amity
  • Usage in a sentence: The virulence of the disease is causing great concern in medical circles.

2. Word: Vacillate (अनिश्चितता)

  • Pronunciation: vas-uh-leyt/वैसलैट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
  • Synonyms: fluctuate, hesitate, dither
  • Antonyms: continue, persist, decide
  • Use in a Sentence: Don't ever vacillate about asking for assistance if you need it.

 3Word: Stark (कठोर)

  • Pronunciation: stahrk/स्टार्क
  • Part of Speech: Adjective, Adverb
  • Meaning:
    a. empty, simple, or obvious, especially without decoration or anything that is not necessary (Adjective)
    b. harsh, grim, or desolate, as a view, place, etc.(Adjective)
    c. means completely clear (Adjective)
    d. completely or extremely (Adverb)
  • Synonyms: austere, dour, fierce, flinty, forbidding, grim
  • Antonyms: benign, benignant, gentle, mild, non-intimidating, tender
  • Usage in a sentence: The dim halls made a stark contrast with the bright, sun-drenched apartment.

4. Word: Precipitate (मारना,प्रचण्ड,जल्द)

  • Pronunciation: pri-sip-i-teyt/प्रिसिपिटैट
  • Part of speech: Verb, Noun, Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. to hasten the occurrence of; bring about prematurely, hastily, or suddenly (Verb)
    b. to throw someone or something from a height with great force (Verb)
    c. to separate, or cause a substance to separate from a liquid as a solid (Verb)
    d. a solid substance that is produced from a liquid during a chemical process (Noun)
    e. If an action is precipitate, it is done sooner or faster than expected and without enough thought or preparation (Adjective)
  • Synonyms: hasty, rash, sudden, abrupt
  • Antonyms: slow, deliberate
  • Usage in a sentence: An invasion would certainly precipitate a political crisis.

5. Word: Divergence (विचलन, भिन्नता)

  • Pronunciation: dih-vur-juhns/डाइवर्जन्स
  • Part of Speech
  • Meaning:
    a. the act, fact, or amount of diverging
    b. (in physics, meteorology, etc.) the total amount of flux escaping an infinitesimal volume at a point in a vector field, as the net flow of air from a given region
  • Synonyms: difference, deviation, variance
  • Antonyms: convergence, agreement, harmony
  • Usage in a sentence: Recently published statistics shows a divergence from previous trends. 

6. Word: Lag (अंतराल, पिछ)

  • Pronunciation: lag
  • Part of Speech: Noun, Verb
  • Meaning
    a. fail to keep up with another or others in movement or development. (Verb)
    b. a period of time between one event and another. (Noun)
  • Synonyms: linger, delay, trail, loiter
  • Antonyms: hasten, rush, bustle, bolt, hustle
  • Usage in a Sentence: We're now at the lag end of the project.

7. Word: Visceral (आंत का, आन्त्र)

  • Pronunciation: विसरल/vis-er-uhl
  • Part of Speech: Adjective
  • Meaning
    a. based on deep feeling and emotional reactions rather than on reason or thought
    b. relating to the large organs inside the body, including the heart, stomach, lungs, and intestines
  • Synonyms: instinctive, internal, splanchnic, gut
  • Antonyms: logical, cerebral, reasonable
  • Usage in a Sentence: His approach to acting is visceral rather than intellectual.

8. Word: Loom (संकट मँडराना)

  • Pronunciation: loom/लूम
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
  • Synonyms: menace, emerge, stand out
  • Antonyms: disappear, diminish, remove
  • Use in a Sentence: We should flag those problems that could loom ahead.

9. Word: Expedite (शीघ्रता करना)

  • Pronunciationek-spi-dahyt/ एक्स्पिडाइट
  • Part of Speech: Verb
  • Meaning: make (an action or process) happen sooner or be accomplished more quickly.
  • Synonyms: accelerate, hasten, speed up, quicken
  • Antonyms: delay, impede, hinder, check
  • Usage in a Sentence: We must expedite the development of the Southwest area of our country.

10. Word: Roll out (बेलना)

  • Pronunciation: rohl-out/ रोल आउट
  • Part of Speech: Phrasal verb
  • Meaning: to make a new product, service, or system available for the first time
  • Synonyms: introduce, make available, market
  • Usage in Sentence: The company plans to roll out the scheme across Europe in the coming months.

'Writer's Corner'

Based on the description of the words, we have some practice questions for you. Answer these questions in the comments section. Our team will review them at the earliest!

Exercise 1. Make your own Sentences.

Here are some of the words from the above article. Try to frame sentences from them in your own words and share them with us in the comments section!

  • Stark
  • Precipitate
  • Roll out
  • Variance
  • Virulence

Exercise 2: Match the columns.

SR No.WordSynonym
1accelerateimpede
2delayhasten
3differencebitterness
4kindnessdeviance
5venomaffection

Share your answers in the comment section. 

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Shrayans JainShrayans JainMember since Jan 2021
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