# Important Puzzle and Syllogism questions for RRB Group D 2022 exam. Check, tips and tricks!

By PARUL RISHI|Updated : July 13th, 2022

RRB Group-D exam is just around the corner and there is a lot of speculation about the types of questions that are going to be asked in the examination. According to the RRB NTPC CBT-2 analysis, it is examined that RRB, this year is paying lots of attention to the puzzles and the syllogism question in the Reasoning section.

Therefore in this article, we are going to provide you all with the important Syllogism and Puzzles questions along with some tricks and tips to solve the questions, for the RRB Group- D exam which is scheduled for July 2022.

## Syllogism

Syllogism comes under the verbal reasoning section and is frequently asked in many competitive exams. These types of questions contain two or more statements and these statements are followed by a number of conclusions. You have to find which conclusions logically follow from the given statements.

### Types of Syllogism

The different types of Syllogism can be described below:

1. Basic Syllogism: In this type, the conclusion must be 100% true Conclusions which are 99% true are considered to be false.
2. Either-Or Case Syllogism: In this type, when conclusions are not 100% true but the two given conclusions are 50% true then it is followed.
3. Coded Syllogism: In this statement and conclusions are given in the coded form. Candidates need to decode the statement and conclusion to find the answer.
4. Sequential Syllogism: In this type, statements are to be given followed by the options. Candidates need to choose the set in which the third statement can be logically deduced from the first two statements.

### Tips & Tricks to solve the Syllogism

The best method of solving the Syllogism problem is through Venn Diagrams. There are four ways in which the relationship could be made.

Category 1

All A are B – Means the whole circle representing A lies within the circle representing B.

Here we can also make a conclusion: Some B are A. Some A are B.

For example: All boys are men.

Here we can also make a conclusion: Some men are boys. Some boys are men.

All apples are fruits.

Here we can also make a conclusion: Some fruits are apples. Some apples are fruits.

Category 2

No A is B – means that circles representing A and B does not intersect at all.

For example : No ball is bat.

No door is wall.

Category 3

Some A are B

Means that some part of the circle represented by A is within the circle represented by B.

This type of (category 3) statement gives the following conclusions:

(i) Some A are B also indicates that - Some A are not B

(ii) Some A are B also indicates that – All A are B.

(iii) Some A are B also indicates that – All B are A.

(iv) Some A are B also indicates that – All A are B and All B are A.

For e.g.: Some mobiles are phones.

(i) Category 4.

Some A are not B

This means that some portion of circle A has no intersection with circle B while the remaining portion of circle A is uncertain whether this portion touches B or not.

(i) Some A are not B also indicates that – Some A are B.

(ii) Some A are not B also indicates that – No A is B.

 Types of Sentences Conclusions All A are B Some B's are A Some A's are B Some A are B All A are B All B are A Some B are A Some A are not B No A is B No B is A Some A are not B Some A are B All B are A No A is B

## Some important Syllogism questions for the RRB Group- D Exam:

Question 1:

Statements:

• All bottles are jars
• Some jars are pots
• All pots are taps
• No tap is tank

Conclusions:

• No pot is tank
• Some jars are pots
• Some bottles are pots

Options

• only I and III follow
• only I and II follows
• only II and III Follows
• None of these
• ALL of the above

Question 2:

Statements:

• Some windows are doors
• All doors are walls
• No wall is a roof
• All roofs are shelters

Conclusions:

• Some windows are walls
• No wall is shelter
• No door is shelter

Options

• None follows
• only II and III follows
• only I and III follows
• only I follows
• None of these

Question 3:

Statements

• Some keys are locks
• Some locks are numbers
• All numbers are letters
• All letters are words

Conclusions:

• Some locks are letters
• Some words are numbers
• All numbers are words

Options:

• only I and II follow
• only II and III Follow
• only I and III follow
• only I either II or III follows
• all follows

Question 4:

Statements

• Some fish are crocodiles
• Some crocodiles are snakes
• No snake is tortoise
• All tortoises are frogs

Conclusions

• No snake is frog
• Some snakes are fish
• Some fish are frogs

Options

• None follows
• Only I and II follows
• only II and III follows
• only I and III follows
• None of these

Question 5:

Statement

• All chillies are garlics
• Some garlics are onions
• All onion are potatoes
• No potato is ginger

Conclusion

• No onion is ginger
• Some garlic are potatoes
• Some chillies are potatoes

Options

• only I follows
• only II follows
• only I and II follows
• only I and III follows
• all follows

## Puzzles

Logical Reasoning Puzzles require you to analyze the given piece of information, pick the information that is important and leave out the information that is not required in solving the given set of questions. Reasoning puzzles are mostly based on blood relations, arrangements, inequalities, etc. Sometimes, the questions test your lateral thinking and may not require any deduction or analysis.

### Tips & Tricks to solve the Puzzles:

Step 1: Take a basic look at the question, and try to deduce the theme of the question

Step 2: Try to segregate the direct information from the non-direct information.

Step 3: Start solving the question with the relevant information with no negative outcome.

Step 4: After dealing with the relevant data, try to fit in data with the Secondary Information that goes according to the direct information.

Step 5: Lastly, try to fill up the negative data (Negative data does not inform us anything exactly but it gives us a chance to eliminate a possibility) to solve the remaining part of the puzzle.

Combine all the information together, to get the final results.

Note: Most of the puzzles are tricky therefore read each word with utmost care.

## Some important Puzzles are given below:

Question 1: Instructions J, K, L, M, and N live in a 5-floor building numbered 1-5 not necessarily in the same order. The number of people living above L is same as the number of people living below M  L who lives above M. L doesn’t live on the top floor. J lives on an odd-numbered floor above M. No one live below N. K doesn’t live on the top floor.

Question 1: Who lives on the 2nd floor?

Question 2: Who lives on the 3rd floor?

Question 3: Who lives above K but below J?

Question 2:
5 friends A, B, C, D and E are living on 5 different floors numbered 1-5 not necessarily in the same order. The number of persons living above C is 2 less than the number of persons living below C. E lives on the second floor. D doesn’t live on the top floor. B lives below A. C doesn’t live immediately below or immediately above D.

Question 1: Who lives immediately above C?

Question 2: Who lives on the lowest floor?

Question 3: Who lives on the 3rd floor?

Question 3: 5 friends A, B, C, D and E are comparing their heights. C is taller than only one person. E is neither the tallest nor the shortest. There are 2 persons who are taller than A. B is not the tallest.

Question 1: Who is the tallest person?

Question 2: Who is 2nd tallest person?

Question 3: Who is the shortest person?

Question 4: A, B, C, D and E are living in a building of 5 floors numbered 1-5 not necessarily in the same order. D lives immediately above E. C lives immediately below B. E and C live on even numbered floors. A doesn’t live immediately below E.

Question 1: Who lives on the top floor?

Question 2: Who lives on the 3rd floor?
Question 3: Who lives on the 1st floor?

Question 5: P, Q, R, S and T are comparing their weights. Q is lighter than only S. R is not the lightest. P is heavier than R but lighter than Q. The weight of the heaviest person is 84 kg. The weight of the 2nd lightest person is 46 kg.

Question 1: What can be the possible weight of T?

Question 2: What can be the possible weight of P?

Question 3: What can be the possible weight of Q?

Students can refer to the questions that were asked in RRB CBT-2 Exam 2022 here,

Stay tuned for important updates!

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