Important Rules for Improving Spelling Mistakes
Rule 1: Silent “e” at the end of a word is usually dropped before a suffix beginning with a vowel.
dine + ing = dining
Locate + ion = location
Use + able = usable
Exceptions: peace + able = peaceable , courage + ous = courageous
Rule 2: Silent “e” is usually kept before a suffix beginning with a constant.
care + less = careless
Late + ly = lately
One + ness = oneness
Game + ster = gamester
Rule: 3: Some exceptions must simply be memorized. Some exceptions to the last two rules are –
Truly, Duly, Awful, Argument, Wholly, Ninth, Mileage, Dyeing, canoeing
Rule: 4: A word ending in “er” or “ur” doubles the “r” in the past tense if the word is accented on the last syllable.
- Occur – Occurred
- Prefer- preferred
- Transfer – transferred
Rule: 5: When – full is added to the end of a noun, the final “l” is dropped.
- Cheerful, cupful, hopeful
Rule: 6: All the word with prefix self are hyphenated.
Rule 7: The letter “q” is always followed by u.
Example: quiz, bouquet , acquire
Rule 8: All words with “over” are one word.
Example: overcast, overchange, overhear
Rule 9: Words ending in “y” preceded by a consonant, change the “y” to “I” and add “es” or ed.
- puppy - puppies
- army - armies
- supply - supplies
- sky - skies
- party - parties
- library - libraries
- rely - relies
- marry - marries
- theory - theories
- study - studies
- apply - applies
Rule 10: Words ending in “y” preceded by a vowel, just add “s”
- boy - boys
- toy - toys
- employ - employs
- valley - valleys
- delay - delays
- convey - conveys
- pray - prays
- stay - stays
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