Idioms and phrases are one of the important chapters in the English section of the bank and insurance exams. You can expect this type of question in the reading comprehension part in both prelims as well mains.
You can expect idioms and phrases questions, especially in mains. So you have to prepare well for this section. Here you will get a list of idioms and phrases starting with the letter 'C' with their meaning and example.
Idioms and Phrases: English and its comprehension demand one to go beyond the literal meaning of words. It demands an understanding of figurative knowledge as well. Idioms are expressions that have a figurative meaning, very different from the literal meaning. Noticing the nuances of an idiom, we can comprehend that idioms form a part of universal communication used for theoretical purposes as well.
In our series of 'Important Idioms and Phrases for bank exams', today we are sharing the important idioms and phrases which start with the letter 'C'. Go through this post and understand the meaning, Hindi meaning as well as usage of the following important idioms and phrases to score well in the English Section of the exams.
Important Idioms, Phrases & Phrasal Verb with Letter 'C'
1. Cannot stomach someone or something
Meaning - not to be able to put up with someone or something/ not to be able to tolerate or endure someone or something.
Meaning (Hindi) - सहन करने में सक्षम नहीं होना
Example - My sister cannot stomach violent movies.
2. Can of worms
Meaning - A situation that, once started, is likely to become problematic or have a negative outcome.
Meaning (Hindi) - जटिल समस्याओं का पिटारा
Example - Getting involved in the minor border conflict has become a can of worms for the country, with no end to the military engagement insight.
3. Can't cut the mustard
Meaning - Someone who isn't adequate enough to compete or participate
Meaning (Hindi) - प्रतिस्पर्धा करने या भाग लेने के लिए अयोग्य
Example - The new servant keeps mixing up orders and just can't cut the mustard.
4. Can't see the woods for the trees
Meaning - Cannot see, understand, or focus on a situation in its entirety due to being preoccupied with minor details
Meaning (Hindi) - छोटे छोटे विवरणों के करण पूरी स्थिति ना समझ पाना
Example - The new manager found the situation so complicated that he couldn't see the wood for the trees.
5. Carried all before one's
Meaning - to overcome all obstacles; to have uninterrupted success.
Meaning (Hindi) - सभी बाधाओ से पार पाना
Example -Meaning (Hindi) - Wherever she addressed public meetings she carried all before her.
6. Carried off his feet
Meaning - to fill with enthusiasm
Meaning (Hindi) - उत्साह से भरना
Example - He was carried off his feet when he was declared to have won the first prize.
7. Carrot and Stick
Meaning - A motivational tactic that uses a reward and punishment system to encourage improved performance or behavior.
Meaning (Hindi)- बेहतर प्रदर्शन को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए इनाम और सजा प्रणाली
Example - Companies are slowly learning that the carrot and stick approach to management is ineffective, employees are much more motivated to do a better job when they are recognized for their hard work.
8. Carry someone away
Meaning - Fill with emotion
Meaning (Hindi) - भावनाओं के साथ भरना
Example - The fervor of the speech carried away the whole crowd.
9. Carve out a niche
Meaning - If you carve a niche or carve out a niche for yourself, you create a role or opportunity for yourself,.
Meaning (Hindi) - खुद के लिए अवसर बनाना
Example - In today's competitive market it's better to carve out a niche and try to become the best in that area.
10. Cash Cow
Meaning - A good way to make money /A business or investment that generates a large or consistent profit.
Meaning (Hindi) - पैसा बनाने के लिए एक अच्छा तरीका/अति लाभकारी व्यवसाय
Example - When Bob purchased stock in that software company 10 years ago, he never expected it to become such a cash cow.
11. Cast Iron Stomach
Meaning - The ability to eat foods that others may find unusual, unpalatable, or too spicy
Meaning (Hindi) - बीमार हुए बिना सभी प्रकार की चीजों को खा सकने वाला
Example - Some people have certain likes and dislike when it comes to food but Sukhdarshan had no problem in any kind of food as he had a Cast Iron Stomach.
12. Cause a stir
Meaning - to create an atmosphere of excitement or great interest.
Meaning (Hindi) - हलचल का माहौल बनाना
Example - The arrival of the actress caused quite a stir in the village.
13. Chapter and Verse
Meaning - In thorough and exact detail/The precise authority backing up a statement or view
Meaning (Hindi) - पूरा और सटीक विस्तार
Example - The author claims that he has given chapters and verses for every statement made in his book.
14. Chase Rainbows
Meaning - To constantly pursue things that are unrealistic or unlikely to happen.
Meaning (Hindi) - अवास्तविक या ना होने की संभावना वाली चीजों के पीछे भागना
Example - She's trying to get into Harvard University but as I know her very closely, I think she's chasing rainbows.
15. Chew someone out
Meaning - Verbally Scold Someone
Meaning (Hindi) - किसी को ज़ोर से बोलना या डांटना
Example - It is not an easy task to Chew Someone Out when that person happens to be elder than you.
16. Chicken out of something
Meaning - To refuse to do something due to fear (real or perceived).
Meaning (Hindi) - डर की वजह से कुछ करने के लिए मना करना
Example - He decided to join a karate class, but chickened out of it at the last minute!
17. Chime in
Meaning - To join in a discussion about something; to offer one's thoughts
Meaning (Hindi) - अपने विचारों की पेशकश करने के लिए चर्चा में शामिल होना
Example - As I explained to the bus driver what had happened, the other passengers chimed in and gave their version.
18. Chop and Change
Meaning - If you chop and change, you constantly change your opinion, plans, or methods and often cause confusion.
Meaning (Hindi) - लगातार अपनी राय बदलना
Example - Don't chop and change all the time - just make up your mind!
19. Chow Down
Meaning - To eat, often quickly or enthusiastically.
Meaning (Hindi) - लालचीयों की तरह खाना
Example - Gita commented 'That's the way to Chow Down' when she beat all the contestants in a burger-eating competition.
20. Close but no cigar
Meaning - an effort to do something which was a good attempt but not quite good enough to succeed/Fall just short of a successful outcome and get nothing for your efforts.
Meaning (Hindi) - अच्छा प्रयास लेकिन सफल होने के लिए अपर्याप्त प्रयास
Example - The ball touched the goal post-close but no cigar!
21. Come into one's own
Meaning - When you come into your own, you receive the credit or recognition you deserve/To reach a new level of maturity, independence, or success
Meaning (Hindi) - अपना प्रभाव दिखाना
Example - She has really come into her own this year. A full-time job, a new apartment—she's doing great!
22. Cook something up
Meaning - To plan to do something with someone/To devise something/To invent something/Forced, artificial, or contrived.
Meaning (Hindi) - किसी के साथ कुछ करने की योजना / किसी चीज का आविष्कार करना / कुछ जबरदस्ती, कृत्रिम, या अनुचित।
Example - Sunny cooked up a great story so that Jane wouldn't know she was on her way to a surprise party for her birthday.
23. Crackdown on something
Meaning - To address or control something more strictly than in the past
Meaning (Hindi) - अतीत की तुलना में अधिक कड़ाई से कुछ नियंत्रित करना
Example -: To reduce road accidents, it was decided to crack down on speeding.
24. Crack someone up
Meaning - To make someone laugh
Meaning (Hindi) - किसी को हसाना
Example - The lecturer would talk along with sort of boring like, and then all of a sudden he would crackup everybody with a joke.
25. Cry Off
Meaning - Withdraw/to decide not to do something that you had promised or agreed to do
Meaning (Hindi) - पीछे हटना
Example - Raman invited her to the races and she agreed, but she caught the flu and had to cry off at the last minute.
26. Cut to the chase
Meaning - Leave out all the unnecessary details and just get to the point
Meaning (Hindi) - सभी अनावश्यक विवरण छोड़कर सिर्फ बिंदु पर जाना
Example - Instead of saying all these introductory comments, cut to the chase already and tell what exactly are you trying to ask me?
27. Carry Out
Meaning - to perform or complete a job or activity; to fulfill
Meaning (Hindi) - अंजाम देना
Example - I was elected to carry out a program, the governor said, and I have every intention of carrying it out.
27. Chip In
Meaning - contribute something as one's share of a joint activity, cost/ To join in a discussion about something; to offer one's thoughts.
Meaning (Hindi) - योगदान करना
Example - When I heard them discussing my department, I just had to chip in with my own suggestions.
28. Clam up
Meaning - To suddenly stop talking or refuse to speak, typically due to a particular reason/to say nothing.
Meaning (Hindi) - शांत रहना
Example - The minute they got him in for questioning, he clammed up.
29. Clampdown on
Meaning - Literally, to press down on something firmly/To limit, reduce, bring under tighter control.
Meaning (Hindi) - नीचे की तरफ दबाना
Example - We really need to clamp down on spending before our department loses funding altogether.
30. Come Apart
Meaning - if an object comes apart, it separates into pieces, either because it has been made that way or because it is very old or in very bad condition
Meaning (Hindi) - टूट जाना
Example - I picked up the book and it just came apart in my hands.
31. Come By
Meaning - to get something, especially something that is hard to get
Meaning (Hindi) - कुछ मुश्किल पा लेना
Example - Some times ago, teaching jobs abroad were hard to come by.
32. Conk Out
Meaning - to suddenly stop working/ To fall asleep/To Faint
Meaning (Hindi) - आराम करना, बंद होना
Example - Judging by all that noise coming from her car, I'm pretty sure it's about to conk out.
33. Cut Across/through
Meaning - To move across an area, often as a shortcut/To break through a particular barrier/to reach beyond something; to embrace a wide variety
Meaning (Hindi) - विस्तृत रूप से फैलना
Example - The problem cuts across all socioeconomic lines and affects all age groups.
34. Come Through
Meaning - to be still alive, working, or making progress after a difficult or dangerous experience
Meaning (Hindi) - निपटने में सफल (एक बीमारी या त्रासदी)
Example - It’s been a very upsetting time but we’ve come through it together.
35. Cut Out
Meaning - to stop something/ to remove something
Meaning (Hindi) - रोकना/हटाना
Example - With her speed and agility, Cage cut out all her competitors in the hurdle race.
Word of the day: Call
1. Call for
Meaning - to say publicly that something must happen/ to make something necessary or suitable
Meaning (Hindi) - सार्वजनिक रूप से कुछ मनवाने के लिए अपनी बात कुछ कहना|
Example - Protesters were calling for a ban on the production of GM foods.
2. Call it a day
Meaning - To stop working, either at one's job or on a particular task, for the rest of the day/to quit work and go home; to say that a day's work has been completed.
Meaning (Hindi) - काम करना बंद करना
Example - When we still couldn't find the source of the discrepancy, we decided to call it a day and revisit it tomorrow.
3. Call at
Meaning - To stop at a particular location, as of a ship/To visit a particular place.
Meaning (Hindi) - किसी स्थान पर रुकना/जाना
Example - The train calls at Ghaziabad and Kanpur.
4. Call someone off
Meaning - to decide that something will not happen/to decide to stop something that is already happening
Meaning (Hindi) - किसी चलते हुए कार्य को रोकना
Example - With the weather worsening, they’ve called off the match.
6. Call Something up
Meaning - to telephone someone/to officially make someone become a member of the armed forces, especially in a war
Meaning (Hindi) - फोन करना / आधिकारिक तौर पर किसी को सशस्त्र बलों के सदस्य बनाना
Example - Nancy had called up to invite her friend to the Birthday party.
7. Call Someone's bluff
Meaning - To challenge someone to act on their threat or prove that their claim or boast is true when one believes they are making a false claim or idle threat/to demand that someone prove a claim or is not being deceptive
Meaning (Hindi) - चुनौती देना
Example - He insisted that he could run faster than me, but when I called his bluff, he suddenly said he had to go home.
8. Call the tune
Meaning - To dictate how a situation or agenda proceeds, as from a position of authority.
Meaning (Hindi) - अधिकार की स्थिति में होना
Example - The Prime Minister is calling the tune in the parliament.
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