Important Committees and Commissions in India: All Committee, Important Commissions in India | UPSC

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : December 1st, 2022

Important committees and commissions in India are set up to carefully analyze any matter troubling the country's economy or any other matter of national importance. Generally, a committee and commission is a group of people brought together to accomplish a given objective, either long-term or short-term. After examining problems, important committees prepare and provide appropriate practical amendments. Considering the committee's recommendations, numerous reformative steps have been adopted.

These committees and commissions provide a forum for the conversation of opinions between members of the organization. Interacting with ideas yields proposals and recommendations, which is beneficial for any community. The committees discuss issues carefully and come to a resolution. Below mentioned is the complete list of Important Committees and Commissions in India for UPSC 2023. 

Table of Content

Important Committees and Commissions in India PDF

It is essential to have various committees and commissions for the smooth processing of the Indian system. Each committee is created to fulfill some goal, and it is observed that the purpose is accomplished for the betterment of society.

Important Committees and Commissions in India for UPSC PDF

As the UPSC exam asks various questions about polity and current affairs, aspirants must check and remember the complete list of Important Committees and Commissions in India for the UPSC exam. Along with the names, it is important to memorize their responsibilities and recommendations. 

Types of Committees and Commissions in India

There are several different important commissions in India that are both permanent and ad-hoc.

  • The commissions in India that are formed with the view of a long-term goal are called permanent commissions. 
  • Ad-hoc commissions are those that are formed to fulfil a specific task or a short-term goal. These commissions are dissolved once the intended task is completed. 
  • There are several commissions in India that enjoy a Constitutional status and are very important pillars in the Indian administrative system. A few such commissions are Union Public Service Commission, Finance Commission, and the Election Commission.

The permanent or perpetual committees and commissions are those formed with relatively important & long-term goals that lead to major changes in the system of a country. On the other hand, Ad-hoc commissions are formed to accomplish a comparatively smaller and short-term goal. Check all the details about the Commissions and their Recommendations.

List of Committees and Commissions in India 

Few commissions are provisional, while others are permanent. The temporary commissions in India are formed for one goal only and are terminated once their objective is achieved and their statement is presented to the government. The list of important commissions in India is mentioned below:

Important Committees in India After Independence PDF

The committees in India investigate, legislate, review and draw attention to any important matter that is referred to them and give advice. Given below is the list of important committees in India.

Various Committees and Their Responsibilities

Name of Committee in India

Purpose

Bimal Jalan Committee

Report on the working of capital market infrastructure institutions (MIIs)

Abhijeet Sen Committee

Framing food policy in the long term

Committee on TRP ratings

To inspect the policies on television rating agencies, directed by Sashi S Vempati.

Athreya Committee

Restructuring of IDBI

Rajesh Pant Expert Committee

To assess the importance of digital management by Data Information Technology Co. Limited, consider breaches of law, and present its recommendations.

Controlled by the National Cyber Security Coordinator

G V Ramakrishna Committee

Disinvestment

Abid Hussain Committee

Small scale industries and Trade Policy Reform

Shivaraman Committee (1979)

Establishment of NABARD

Rajiv Mehrishi Committee

To estimate the impact on the federal economy and monetary equilibrium of waiving of interest and COVID-19-related suspension.

Tarapore Committee

Capital Account Convertibility

Hanumant Rao Committee

Fertilizers

Injeti Srinivas Committee

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

Y B Reddy Committee

Review of Income Tax rebates

Swaminathan Commission (2004)

To find the issues faced by the farmers

Bibek Debroy Committee

Railway restructuring

Sarkaria Commission

Relationship and power balance between the Centre and States

Committee For Analysis of QR Code

To review the prevalent system of QR Codes in India for facilitating digital payments and submit recommendations

Governed by Prof. D. B. Pathak

Malegam Committee

Microfinance

Dave Committee

Pension Scheme for Unorganized Sector

Janakiramanan Committee

Securities Transactions

A C Shah Committee

Non-Banking Financial Company

Dharia Committee

Public Distribution System

Rajiv Kumar Committee

Selling of OIL and ONGC fields to private businesses

A Ghosh committee

Malpractices in banks

Ramesh Chand Committee

Niti Aayog Member (Agriculture) suggested linking Sugarcane costs to the sugar rate to keep the industry's financial stability.

To clear the liabilities of the sugarcane farmers.

Deepak Parekh Committee

Financing Infrastructure through the PPP model

Chakravarty Committee (1985)

Monetary policy

Aruna Sundararajan Committee

Telecom sector revival

Company Law Committee (CLC)

To suggest measures to de-clog and improve the functioning of the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).

Headed by Rajesh Verma

Committee by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)

To prepare the professional engineers' bill.

JJ Irani Committee

Company laws; Formation of the new Companies Act

Narasimhan Committee

Banking Reforms

Lodha committee

To recommend reforms for cricket in India

Arun Goel Committee

To strengthen the Capital Goods (CG) Sector and contribute more actively to the national goal of achieving a USD 5 trillion economy and a USD 1 trillion manufacturing sector

Punchhi Commission

Centre-State links

Suresh Tendulkar Committee

The methodology of estimation of poverty

Committee on Business Responsibility Reporting

To create new BRR structures for listed and unlisted companies.

Guided by Rajesh Verma

Ajit Kumar Committee

Army pay scales

Kelkar Committee (2015)

Evaluating PPP in India and Tax System Reforms

Mckinsey Report

Union of 7 Associate Banks with SBI

Kasturirangan Committee

Draft National Education Policy

Bhagwati Committee

Public Welfare and Unemployment

C Rao Committee

Agricultural guideline

Bhurelal Committee

Increase in Motor Vehicle Tax

SEBI’s advisory committee on mutual funds

Instructs the funds markets controller on issues related to regulation and development of the mutual fund industry.

Led by Usha Thorat

Justice B. M Shah Committee

Black cash-on-hand

N.N. Vohra Committee

Relations (Nexus) Of Politicians with Criminals

Vasudev Committee

NBFC sector reforms

Y B Reddy Committee

Assessing Of Income Tax Rebates

Kothari Commission

To review all elements of the educational sector

GK Pillai Committee

To decide ceiling rates under the duty reimbursement scheme for exporters

One Man Committee to Prevent Stubble burning

To take steps to prevent stubble burning in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh which is a source of pollution in Delhi-NCR.

Directed by Justice Madan B. Lokur

Rangarajan Committee

Computerization Of the Banking Industry and Public Sector Disinvestment

Khusro Committee

Agricultural Credit System

KV Kamath Committee

Setting parameters for Loan Restructuring to undertake a process validation of resolution plans for borrow accounts above a specified threshold

Sushil Modi Committee

To peek into the GST income shortfall confronted by states

Committee on the pandemic risk pool

To manage diverse risks that have been initiated by the Covid-19 pandemic and offer protection in case of a similar crisis in the future.

Governed by Suresh Mathur

Pradip Shah Committee

To develop an international retail business at the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC)

Lokpal Search Committee (Justice Ranjana Desai)

For suggesting Lokpal names

Chandra Shekhar Committee

Venture Capital

P K Mohanty Committee

To review present ownership guidelines and corporate structure for Indian Private Sector Banks

Raja Chelliah Committee

Tax reforms in India

K. Santhanam Committee

Establishment of CVC

Balwantrai Mehta Committee (1957)

Panchayati Raj Institutions

MDAC or Market Data Advisory Committee by SEBI

To suggest appropriate policy for access to securities market data, recognize segment-wise data boundaries, data requirements, and gaps, and recommend data privacy and data access regulations useful to market data.

Headed by Madhabi Puri Buch

Vaghul Committee

Money market in India

Ad-Hoc Committee and Commission in India

The purpose of the Ad-Hoc Commissions was to examine the officers' conduct of the Armed Forces of El Salvador during the war and determine their fitness. The important Ad-Hoc Commissions list is given below:

List of Commissions

Establishment Year

Purpose of Commission in India

Mukherjee Commission

1959

To re-inquire the demise of Subhas Chandra Bose

M.M. Punchhi Commission

2007

To examine center-state relations

Upendra Commission

2004

To probe the alleged rape and murder of Thangjam Manorama Devi

Mandal Commission

1979

To consider seat quotas and reservations for individuals to rectify caste discrimination

Nanavati-Shah Commission

2002

To examine the Godhra incident and the coordinated riots that occurred in 2002

Liberhan Commission

1992

To probe the Babri Masjid demolition

Commission for Religious and Linguistic Minorities (Ranganath Misra Commission)

2004

To glance into the matters of linguistic and holy minorities in India

States Reorganisation Commission

1953

To suggest the reorganization of state boundaries

Kapur Commission

1966

To examine Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination

Khosla Commission

1970

To re-investigate the demise of Subhas Chandra Bose

Shah Commission

1977

To explore the excesses engaged during the emergency (1975-77)

Phukan Commission

2003

To research into corruption claims in the wake of the Tehelka tapes dispute.

Sarkaria Commission

1983

To study the relations of center-state

Narendran Commission

2000

To analyze the representation of Backward Classes in the State services

Kalelkar Commission

1953

To encourage and motivate society’s deprived areas

Kothari Commission

1964

For educational reforms

Nanavati Commission

2000

To inquire into the anti-Sikh riots of 1984

U.C. Banerjee Commission

2002

To inquire into the Godhra event and the combined riots that happened in 2002

National Commission to Review the Working of the Constitution

2000

To suggest changes in electoral laws

Thakkar Commission

1984

To probe the assassination of Indira Gandhi

States Reorganization Commission

1953

To recommend the reorganization of state boundaries

Important Commissions in India [Permanent]

Following is the complete list of Commissions in India and their responsibilities. 

List of Indian Commissions

Purpose of Formulation

Year of Formulation

Atomic Energy Commission of India

Supervising the atomic energy activities in India

1948

Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)

To provide meaningful real income levels to farmers 


Assist farmers adopt new technology for increased productivity

1965

National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)

To consider inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of communities notified as backward for job reservations and tenders needful advice to the Central Government on such matters

1993

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

To address and look into offenses by Central Government officers, officers of societies, corporations, and local authorities under the Central Government

1964

National Commission on Cattle

To suggest ways to improve cattle conditions in India

2002

National Commission for Women (NCW)

To protect and promote women’s interests in India

1992

Competition Commission of India (CCI)

To enforce ‘The Competition Act, 2002’ pan India

2003

Telecom Commission

To deal with different aspects of telecommunications

1989

National Statistical Commission (NCS)

To alleviate the problems faced by statistical agencies regarding the collection of data

2005

Chief Labour Commissioner

To enforce labor laws and other labor-related issues

1945

Election Commission (ECI)

To manage the election process all over India

1950

Law Commission

To revamp the law to promote justice in society

1834

Finance Commission (FCI)

To define the financial relations between the center and the states

1951

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

To protect and promote human rights. Also, check State Human Rights Commission

1993

University Grants Commission (UGC)

To provide recognition to universities in India, disburse funds and maintain standards in university education

1956

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

To protect and develop the condition of STs in India. Also, check National Commission for Scheduled Caste

2004

National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganized Sector

To address the issues faced by enterprises in the unorganized sector

2004

National Forest Commission

To review and assess the existing forest policy

2003

Central Information Commission (CIC)

To receive and inquire into complaints from aggrieved persons

2005

Central Water Commission (CWC)

To manage schemes for the control, conservation, and utilization of water resources throughout the country

1945

Commission for Additional Sources of Energy

To formulate and implement policies and programmes for the development of new and renewable energy and also conduct R&D in this area

1981

National Flood Commission (Rashtriya Barh Ayog)

To evolve a coordinated, integrated, and scientific approach to the flood control problems in the country

1976

Indo-Bangladesh Joint Rivers Commission (JRC)

To maintain liaison to ensure the most effective joint effort in maximizing the benefits from common river systems between India and Bangladesh

1972

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)

To plan, promote, organize, facilitate and assist in the establishment and development of khadi and village industries in rural areas

1956

Staff Selection Commission (SSC)

To recruit staff for various posts in the Ministries and Departments of the Union Government

1975

Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC)

To make recommendations regarding the public administration system of India

1966

Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

Direct recruitment by selection through interviews

Conduct examinations for appointment 

Appointment of officers on promotion/deputation/ absorption and more

1926

Role of Committees and Commissions in India 

The key advantages of important committees and commissions in India are:

  • Equilibrium of perspectives
  • Multiplicity of opinions
  • Allocation of authority
  • Interaction of views
  • Better coordination
  • Better approval of judgments
  • Better communication
  • Administration training

Various Committees and their Responsibilities

Understanding the important Committees and Commissions in India for UPSC exam preparations is crucial.

  • Various committees and commissions originate from examining an issue and then proposing to solve the matter.
  • The Government has the authority to accept or reject the committee's findings.

Important Notes for UPSC

Pardoning Power of Governor

DAY NRLM Scheme

Maneka Gandhi vs Union of India

Jurisdiction of Supreme Court

Parliamentary Privileges

Types of Missiles in India

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FAQs on Important Committees and Commissions in India

  • The important committees and commissions in India are:

  • A government commission is a multi-headed group of officials appointed to accomplish a specific task that may be judicial, legislative, or administrative in nature. Commissions can be either permanent or ad-hoc.

  • The important commissions of India are divided into two types, one of which is the permanent commissions. The commissions are formed with a long-term goal in mind and are formulated to accomplish bigger goals to bring necessary changes to the system.

  • Many important commissions in India are formed to fulfill long-term and short-term goals to bring changes in the Indian administrative system. Some of the important Indian commissions are Union Public Service Commission, Finance Commission, and the Election Commission, etc. 

  • Article 324 of the Indian Constitution mentions the handing over of the powers of superintendence, direction, and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, the President’s office, and the office of vice-president of India to the Election Commission.

  • The Thakkar commission was one of the most important commissions in India that was formed to investigate the assassination of Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India. This commission was formulated in 1984, and it was one of the Ad-hoc commissions made for this specific purpose.

  • In the Parliament, there are 24 Department-related Standing Committees. Each of these committees has 31 members, comprising 21 from Lok Sabha and 10 from Rajya Sabha. Also, read the Difference Between NITI Aayog and Planning Commission.

  • A committee operates as a means of internal regulation of legislators by the legislature, while any commission serves as an external review process.

  • India's five important committees and commissions are joint committees, select committees, standing committees, subcommittees, and the Committee of the whole.

  • The government has nominated various committees of specialists from time to time to render guidance about different health difficulties. The reports of these committees are an important basis of health planning in India.

  • The role of the Mandal commission was to determine the socially or educationally backward classes and discuss their reservations and allocations to punish caste discrimination.

  • Some important committees and commissions in India before independence are as follows.

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