How was the Mahalwari System Different from the Permanent Settlement?

By meenakshi|Updated : September 8th, 2022

The Mahalwari system was different from the Permanent Settlement on the basis of the revenue generated. In the Mahalwari system, the revenue was collected from the whole village and this revenue was called mahal while in the Permanent Settlement, there was a fixed revenue that was pre-decided on the basis of the land owned by the peasants.

Difference between the Mahalwari system and the Permanent Settlement

The Permanent Settlement came into effect in 1793 by Lord Cornwallis while the Mahalwari system was introduced in 1822 by Holt Mackenzie in Bengal. The Mahalwari system and Permanent Settlement are different from each other in the following-

  • Revenue- The peasants were bound to pay revenue in the Permanent Settlement. In the Mahlwari system, the revenue is collected from the village.
  • Rate of Revenue- In Permanent Settlement, the rate of revenue is fixed and was never increased while in the case of the Mahlwari system, the rate of revenue is revised periodically. It was collected on the basis of the combined land in a village. 
  • Mode of Collection- In the Mahalwari system, the revenue was collected by the headman while in the case of the Permanent Settlement, it was collected by the zamindars, rajas, and taluqdars.  
  • The Permanent Settlement ensures the stable revenue for the smooth functioning of the East India Company while the other was an alternative to it.

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FAQs

  • The Mahalwari system was different from the Permanent Settlement on the basis of the revenue, mode of collection, rate of revenue and its reason for collection.

  • In Permanent Settlement, the revenue generated were collected by the zamindars, rajas and taluqdars for the East India Company. 

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