How to Write a Good Essay in UPSC CAPF AC ?

By Vivek Chauhan|Updated : May 9th, 2022

The CAPF AC Paper 2 is based on essay writing, report writing, comprehension, precis writing. Paper 2 of CAPF AC exam tests the language skills, grammar & Vocabulary. Here we will be discussing effective tips & the importance of essay writing for CAPF AC 2022 examination preparation. . 

Most of the students find it difficult to score good marks in CAPF AC descriptive paper. Below are the tips and trick on how to write a good essay with the video solution of one of the most trending topic i.e. 'India-Russia Relation post Ukraine Crisis'  

How to write the essay for CAPF AC?

  1. Read the topics thoroughly
    This is the most important step in the process. You should choose one of the four topics. While selecting your topic, make sure you know most about that topic out of the given topics.
    What not to pick:
    i)  A sensitive or controversial topic like say, feminism.
    ii) A topic about which you are too passionate or feel strongly about. In this case, you may tend to get excited and fail to write a balanced essay. This can work against you.

  2. Think for some time
    Once you’ve selected your topic, you should not start writing straight away. It is prudent to think for some time and collect your thoughts. Write in pencil the points you want to write. This is important because only then you can write your points in the correct sequence. For instance, if you are writing about India’s relations with her neighbours, you need to write the historical facts and events in the beginning. Suppose you start writing the essay, and realise only towards the end that you have forgotten to mention a crucial detail in the historical part; it would be too late to add it because of a space crunch. Therefore, it helps if you write your rough points in the beginning.
  3. Once you have the rough points in hand, you can start writing the essay. While writing, you must adhere to a good structure. The structure of a good essay is as follows:
  1. Introduction
  2. Historical
  3. Main issue/problem/subject
  4. Current scenario/current news related to the topic
  5. Positive and negative aspects
  6. Obstacles
  7. Reforms/way forward

India-Russia Relations

Here is the video solution of one of the most important Essay Writing topic i.e. India-Russia Relation post Ukraine Crisis.

Why Essay is important?

An essay is a subjective analysis of the thought process and mindset of candidates. Writing an essay in around one and half hour is a reflection of the personality of the candidate. How fast a candidate can generate multiple dimensional thoughts, their mapping, and clear representation matters. Key is to engage examiner in an effortless way to read and to understand what is written.

The first and the most important task in the essay paper is to choose the right essay which you are supposed to write. This should be based on your entire knowledge base. Don’t misjudge yourself based on your graduation background or optional preferences. Be wise enough to choose the one where you can expand both horizontally as well as vertically. For this judgment to make, you need to be quick. Be sure about the requirements of the topic before you start with it.

Before you start writing an actual essay, make a rough sketch of what you are planning to write.

  • Write all possible points you could recall about the topic which are relevant according to the need of the essay (you can write in pointer form, flow chart, or in any form as per your convenience).
  • Once you are done with it. Now, think about the introduction and conclusion and write the same.

This exercise is the most important part of essay writing because if you have done this properly, your essay would definitely cover all important aspects.

This exercise should not take more than one-third of the stipulated time for that essay.

Structure of the Essay


  • We can start the introduction with some anecdote, case study, quotes, data from some institution or speech of famous personality.
  • By reading the introduction, Examiner should feel that the candidate has clearly understood the topic. No beating around the bush.
  • Moreover, the introduction should give the background of what has been asked in the topic. It should be title-specific.


  • The body consists of a detailed analysis of the topic. We can approach the body in various ways. For example,
    • Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental (PESTLE approach)
    • Individual, family, community, societal, institutional and state level
    • Past-present-future level (Period of time)
  • The flow between the paragraphs needs to be maintained. Analysis should contain a critical evaluation of the topic.
  • Give contemporary examples and relevant data to substantiate it.
  • Allocate appropriate space for positive and negative arguments.
  • Be positive even while writing negative points (you should be hopeful even in the most tragic situation).
  • Don’t criticise constitutional establishments. Be politically neutral and gender-sensitive.


A conclusion should reflect the vision of the candidate. Examiner should feel that the candidate is able to see the big picture of the topic. A conclusion should contain hope, courage, the positive and innovative mindset of a candidate. Also, we can end the essay by some inspiring and successful story of change.

Thumb Rule for essay writing:

'Practise makes a man perfect. Keep writing.'

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