How to Prepare for Reasoning Section in RBI Grade B Phase 1 2022 Exam? Check Tips and Tricks

By Gaurav Tripathi|Updated : May 5th, 2022

The Reasoning Ability section is the most important section when it comes to the RBI Grade B Exam Phase 1. With proper tips, tricks and preparation, anyone can easily score 40-50 marks and thereby increasing the chances of clearing the Phase-1 exam.

As per the pattern, the Reasoning section consists of 60 questions of a total of 60 marks. You have to plan the best strategy to clear the sectional cutoff of the Reasoning section. For this, you should have knowledge about the level & pattern of the questions asked in the previous year of the RBI Grade B Exam.




Table of Content

The first phase 1 exam consists of 4 sections which include – General Awareness, English Language, Quantitative Aptitude & Reasoning Ability. Here in this article, we will discuss the exam pattern and general approach to tackle the Reasoning section in RBI Grade B Phase 1 2022 Exam.

Expected RBI Grade B Prelims Exam Pattern 2022

The exam pattern for RBI Grade B prelims and mains is different. The prelims part of the RBI Grade B test is divided into four sections, each lasting two hours. Each test, however, will be given its own time. The exam pattern for RBI Grade B is as follows:

Name of SubjectNo. of QuestionsMaximum MarksDuration
General Awareness808025 minutes
English Language303025 minutes
Quantitative Aptitude303025 minutes
Reasoning Ability606045 minutes
Total200200120 minutes

Tips & Strategy to Score Good Marks in Reasoning Ability Section

In order to be successful in this section, you need to know to focus on three important aspects during the exam: 

1. Choose the right questions- During the exam, it is critical to select the appropriate questions. This is dependent on how often you practice the questions. Selecting the correct question not only saves time but also enhances your exam confidence. Solve the questions that you are most comfortable with. This will mentally prepare you to deal with difficult queries. Many of the questions you attempt first determine your exam speed and accuracy.

2. Attempt Questions with maximum Accuracy- Don’t focus on the number of attempts. Mark only those which you are sure of.  It makes a huge difference. Attempting questions with accuracy will increase the chances of scoring high and help you to clear the sectional cutoff.

3. Time Management- Time management is very important in an online exam. Manage your time wisely. It is preferable to devote the first few minutes to the easier chapters like inequality, syllogism, direction sense and blood relation.

How to Crack Reasoning Section in RBI Grade B Phase 1 Exam?

When compared to the English and Quant exams, the Reasoning section has a higher percentage. So, if you are strong at answering questions and have solid logical abilities, you can do well in the exam. In this area, never rely on guessing. Read the questions twice and choose the best answer.

Here we are providing tips for some topics– 

1. Syllogism – These types of questions contain two or more statements and these statements are followed by a number of conclusions. You have to find which conclusions logically follow from the given statements.

Tips to solve this type of question in the exam 

(i) Read the statement carefully and choose the correct options which satisfy the given conclusion.

(ii) Try to solve questions with a Venn diagram which is an easy method to solve syllogism questions.

Important Rule:

1. Possibility cases in Syllogism –In possibilities cases, we have to create all possibilities to find whether the given conclusion is possible or not. If it is possible and satisfies the given statement then the given conclusion will follow otherwise conclusion will not follow.

2. Restatement is not a conclusion – Conclusion has to be different from the statement.

Note: If the statement and conclusion are the same then, the conclusion does not follow. These rules also follow in a possible case.

 3. Complementary Pairs: (Either & or) – Either and or cases only takes place in complementary pairs.

Conclusions: (i) Some A are B.            (ii) No A are B.

From the given above conclusions, it is easy to understand that one of the given conclusions must be true, which is represented by option either (i) or (ii). These types of pairs are called complementary pairs.

All A are B’ & ‘Some A are not B’ are also complementary pairs.

Note: It is important to note that, in complementary pairs, one of the two conclusions is true and other will be false simultaneously.

For e.g. 

Statement: All A are B. Some B are C.

Conclusion: I. All C are A. II. Some C are not A.

Ans – Here we can make conclusions, either I or either II follows.

How to Solve Syllogism Questions? Tips & Tricks

2. Inequality – It is one of the easy topics for people who are slightly comfortable with elementary mathematics. These questions are rule-based i.e. certain combinations of statements lead to certain conclusions.

Inequalities Golden Rules

(i) The combination between two inequalities can be established if they have a common term.

For ex –

> B, B > C combination can be easily established as: > B > C. Here we can make conclusion – > C or C < A

(ii) The combination between two inequalities cannot be established if they don’t have a common term.

For ex – A > B, B < C combination cannot be established. (Here relationship between A & C cannot be established.)

(iii) Complementary Pairs: (Either & or) – Either and or cases only take place in complementary pairs. We cannot combine two elements with common elements in which no relationship is established.

For e.g.

Statement: A >< C

 ConclusionI> C               II. A < C

Here we cannot establish the relation between A and C. We can only draw a conclusion i.e. A is either greater than or equal to C or we can say A is either smaller than C.

 Try to attempt 3 questions from 5 questions from this topic if the other 2 questions seem difficult in answering.

Basics of Inequality

3. Coding-Decoding– In the Exam, it is expected that Mixed Letter Coding types of questions can be asked in the exam.

Mixed letter coding type of questions, three or four complete messages are given in the coded language and the code for a particular word is asked.

(i) To analyses, such codes, any two messages bearing a common word are picked up.

(ii) The common code word will mean that word.

(iii) Proceeding similarly by picking up all possible combinations of two, the entire message can be analyzed.

How to Solve Coding – Decoding? Concept & Tips

4. Seating Arrangement (Circular) – In the exam, it is expected that Sitting arrangement questions can be asked in the following form -

Sitting Arrangement – Inward-Outward

For circular sitting arrangement, those objects which are facing inwards to the center are favorable to us which means LEFT-RIGHT positions are the same as reference objects and those objects which are facing outwards are unfavorable to us which means LEFT-RIGHT positions are opposite to reference object.


Must Read:

1. How to Solve Sitting Arrangement? Inward & Outward

2. Tips to Solve Circular Seating Arrangement (Blood Relation)

3. How to Solve Circular Sitting Arrangement? Concept & Tips

5. Linear Seating Arrangement – In linear (row) arrangement problems, we have to arrange the data linearly. The arrangement is done only one “axis” and hence, the position of people or objects assumes importance in terms of order like first position, second position, last position. In this type of arrangement, we take directions according to our left and right.

In the RBI Grade B exam, it is expected that Two Row arrangement questions come in the exam. In two-row arrangement problems, there are two groups of people or objects sitting in two rows and people sitting in a first row facing North or South and vice versa.

Tips to solve ‘Seating Arrangement (Circular / Linear) questions

1. The first step is to take a quick glance at the given information and you will get an idea of the situation of the person.

2. The second step is to pick the useful information which is “definite information” and fix the place accordingly.

For e. g. – A is sitting second to the left of B.

3. Do not pick the negative information in the first step. Negative information means – which information does not tell anything definitely but it gives an idea to eliminate a possibility. For e.g. – A is not sitting on the immediate left of B. or B is not the opposite of E.

5. Left movement is called clock-wise rotation.

6. Right movement is called anti-clockwise rotation.

4. Persons sitting in a CIRCLE or RECTANGLE or SQUARE facing AWAY from center:

  • Seated to the left = Take Anti-clockwise direction
  • Seated to the right = Take clockwise direction

Important note: Meaning of – and, who and adjacent in seating arrangement (Circular/Linear)

1. If two pieces of information are joined by “and”, then the information is talking about the first person. For e.g. – A is third to the left of B and second to the right of D. Here it means – A is sitting third to the left of B and also A is sitting second to the right of D. Many students confuse here and take information as a – A is sitting third to the left of B and B is sitting second to the right of D, which is wrong.

2. If two pieces of information are joined by “who”, then the information is given after “who” is talking about the second person. For e.g. – A is third to the left of B who is second to the right of D. Here it means – A is sitting third to the left of B and B is sitting second to the right of D. Many students confuse here and take information as a – A is sitting third to the left of B and also A is sitting second to the right of D, which is wrong.

3. Adjacent– means – next to each other not opposite to each other. A and B is adjacent to each other, which means they are an immediate neighbour of each other.

How to Solve Linear Sitting Arrangement? Concept & Tips

6. Input-Output - Based on the difficulty level of these questions, you can either solve the complete set or sometimes not be able to solve a single question. Here, an input in terms of numbers or words or a combination of both is given. This input is processed through a series of steps and the final output is obtained. You need to identify the logic that is applied in each step. Based on this logic, questions can be asked in two ways:

(i) Each question of the set has separate input and the question has to be solved accordingly – These tend to become more time-consuming since this is as good as solving five-six different sets.

(ii) One input is given and all the questions of the set are based on it – This is less time-consuming but can be error-prone if you make any mistake in applying the steps to the input. In such a case, we would advise you all to write all the steps of the input and not apply any shortcut. It might consume your 3-4 minutes but will gift you with 5 correct answers.

You need a lot of practice and immense concentration for these questions as a single mistake can lead to errors in the entire set. Also, you should be able to observe the way the position/nature of the words and numbers changes.

How to solve Input-Output? (Tips & Tricks)

7. Tabulation (Puzzles) - These may be individual or group questions from a large (almost infinite) number of areas. While you may not able to cover each question type, the ones that you should definitely practice are:

  1. Floorwise Puzzle
  2. Relationships – family tree, coded relationships, relationship puzzles
  3. Logic Puzzles – comparisons and ranks, word-based puzzles, etc.
  4. Selection Criteria
  5. Numerical Logic – gambling games, odd weights, cubes, etc.

8. Verbal /Logical Reasoning - This can be considered the most difficult and error-prone area of this section because the questions test verbal reasoning skills. You need to understand what exactly the question requires, apply a combination of logic and English knowledge and then solve the question accordingly. Various types of questions asked in this area are:

  1. Implicit assumptions
  2. Inferences
  3. Cause and Effect
  4. Course of Action
  5. Strengthening and Weakening of Arguments
  6. Probably/Definitely True or False

You should decide whether to attempt these or not based on your comfort level.

Also, Check -

1. How to Attempt Statements & Assumptions Questions in Bank Exams?

2. How to Solve Cause & Effect question? Tips

3. How to Solve Statement & Courses of Action? Tips

9. Data Sufficiency The key to solving these questions is to read and understand the instructions very carefully, and then follow them to the letter. In a lot of cases, even if the instructions are the same, their order may change, thereby changing the answer options. 

Also, Check:

Here are links mentioned below which will guide you and bring more awareness in preparation of RBI Grade B exam:

Related Links

RBI Grade B

RBI Grade B Study Material

RBI Grade B Cut Off

RBI Grade B Preparation Tips

RBI Grade B Question Papers

RBI Grade B Books


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Plz give session on clocks and calendar Topic
V Manivannan

V ManivannanNov 15, 2016

What problem you have
V Manivannan

V ManivannanNov 15, 2016

I need a help of solving this maths sum
Ankita Kumari
A BIG THANKS TO AKASH SIR, your detail analysis on eny post is always helpful for me gives a right direction to me ,how I can prepare for my related exam .
Mukesh Srivastava
How ca slove puzle
mukesh hansa
Plz anyone suggest syllabus of computer awearness and book name
Pramod Fulwariya
What is sectional time for every sections?
Deeptimayee Dandasena Deepa
I purchase pendrive from study iq
If anybody want contact


  • First, go through the previous year's paper and analysis. Then prepare the chapters according to their importance and weightage. Attempt the daily quizzes to improve your performance in the exam.

  • Inequality, syllogism, direction sense, blood relation, and coding-decoding are the basic reasoning chapters for RBI Grade B 2022. Including, you can go through topics like data sufficiency, box-based puzzle and machine input-output.

  • You can expect around 5-6 puzzles in the RBI Grade B Phase 1 exam. Under this topic , look at hints that are provided in the question and try to find out the demand which is being asked in question.

  • Candidates can practice high-quality and exam-relevant reasoning questions for RBI Grade B 2022 exam at BYJU'S Exam Prep app or website. You can take previous 5 years question papers to develop your answer speed and understand the difficulty level of questions.

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tags :Regulatory BodiesReasoning AbilityRBI Grade B OverviewRBI Grade B Apply OnlineRBI Grade B Eligibility CriteriaRBI Grade B VacancyRBI Grade B Salary

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