How to Prepare ARD for NABARD Grade A? - Know Key Beneficial Tips

By Jyoti Bisht|Updated : July 30th, 2021

After filling up the applications for the NABARD Grade-A exam many candidates are now wondering how to prepare ARD for the NABARD Grade-A exam. Agriculture and Rural Development is an important section as it carries 40 marks. Thus, it becomes crucial for you to create the right approach for the preparation of the ARD section. Here in this article, we are providing key beneficial tips to prepare the ARD of the NABARD Grade A exam.

After filling up the applications for the NABARD Grade-A exam many candidates are now wondering how to prepare ARD for the NABARD Grade-A exam. Agriculture and Rural Development is an important section as it carries 40 marks. Thus, it becomes crucial for you to create the right approach for the preparation of the ARD section. Here in this article, we are providing key beneficial tips to prepare for the ARD of the NABARD Grade A exam.

NABARD Grade-A exam is conducted in three phases; Preliminary exam, Mains exam, and the interview process.

Candidates who clear the preliminary exam are promoted to sit in the mains exam and only those who clear the mains exam are eligible to appear for the interview.

The two phases of the examination, however, do not have any difference in the syllabus, the pattern of the questions, and the type of questions. Therefore, agriculture and rural development topics (ARD) remain of equal importance in both preliminary and mains exams. Let us take you through tips on how to prepare ARD for the NABARD Grade-A exam, in this article.

How to Prepare Agriculture and Rural Development for NABARD?

The time period between the NABARD exam notification and the date of examination is around 6 months. This means, even if candidates start preparing only after completing their application process, they have 6 months for the preparation. Discussed below are some of the tips to prepare for the NABARD exam with special reference to the ARD section.

  • Having a timetable
  • Reading newspapers and magazines
  • Watching the national channel on agriculture
  • Practice

Let’s discuss the above points on agriculture and rural development for NABARD in a little detail:

Having a timetable to keep you organized and in check with the progress. Since the exam is divided into different sections including ARD and the syllabus of this section is vast in itself the timetable helps in structuring your preparations. As you complete your required hours of study for the ARD section each day, mark them in your timetable.

Similarly, as you finish one of the topics, mark it in your NABARD Grade A syllabus list. Once every week check your study hour progress and once in a month check your progress in terms of topics you have covered.

Read newspapers and magazines and make notes of important issues and the latest development in the field of agriculture. Before making notes for the new day, make sure that you revise your notes from the previous day. This helps not only in gaining knowledge but also in retaining the information for the exam.

Best Tips to Prepare ARD Section for NABARD

Newspaper to read

Some of the newspapers and annual reports that candidates can refer to the information on agriculture and development are:

  • The Hindu
  • Kurukshetra
  • The Economic Survey
  • The Union Budget
  • News on Schemes & Sub-Schemes
  • Annual report of the Ministry Of Agriculture
  • Annual report of Ministry of Rural Development
  • NABARD annual report
  • Annual report of Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change

Watching television can never be a strategy for any examination, but NABARD has the exception for this. The DD Kisan is a national channel which is dedicated to farmers and farming. It telecasts the latest news and all the information that a farmer would need for better farming.

Sometimes reading does not interest many people and hence watching the channel may make it a little easier to know about the latest news, reports, and development in the area of agriculture.

Practicing the exam before appearing for the actual exam prepares a candidate in many ways. Test series are available in both online and offline modes. Taking the test series makes the candidates aware of the exam and the type of questions that will be asked.

Additionally, practicing the test within the given time and in a classroom prepares candidates to understand the pressure that they will face in the exam hall. Similarly, the evaluation will help them to know the weak areas that they need to work on.

NABARD ARD Exam Pattern

The preliminary exam is divided into seven sections as given below, and the agriculture and rural development section are referred to as ARD.

Name of the Section

Total Marks

Quantitative Reasoning

20

Reasoning

20

English Language

20

Computer Knowledge

20

General Awareness

20

Economic and Social Issues

40

Agriculture and Rural Development

40

The total composite time allotted for the exam is 2 hours. Candidates have to attempt all the sections and must clear each section separately. However, the composite time gives the liberty to candidates to attempt the sections in any order as per their convenience and time management.

ARD Syllabus and study plan:

Coming back to ARD, then it is one of the three sections of the preliminary exam that has been given more marks value than other sections and if candidates focus better on these sections, they can improve their overall score. The syllabus highlights for the ARD section is as follows:

Topic Name Details
Agriculture
  • Definition, meaning, and its branches
  • Agronomy: Definition, meaning, and scope of agronomy.
  • Classification of field crops.
  • Factors affecting crop production
  • Agro Climatic Zones
  • Cropping Systems: Definition and types of cropping systems.
  • Problems of dry land - Seed production, seed processing, seed village
  • Meteorology: weather parameters, crop-weather advisory
  • Precision Farming
  • System of Crop Intensification
  • Organic farming
Soil and Water Conservation
  • Major soil types
  • Soil fertility
  • Fertilizers
  • Soil erosion
  • Soil conservation
  • Watershed management
Water Resource
  • Irrigation Management
  • Types of irrigation
  • Sources of irrigation
  • Crop-water requirement
  • Command area development
  • Water conservation techniques
  • Micro-irrigation
  • Irrigation pumps
  • Major, medium, and minor irrigation.
Farm and Agri Engineering
  • Farm Machinery and Power
  • Sources of power on the farm- human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and biomass, biofuels
  • Water harvesting structures
  • Farm Ponds
  • Agro-Processing
  • Controlled and modified storage, perishable food storage, godowns, bins, and grain silos.
Plantation & Horticulture
  • Definition, meaning, and its branches
  • Agronomic practices and production technology of various plantation and horticulture crops
  • Post-harvest management, value and supply chain management of Plantation and Horticulture crops.
Animal Husbandry
  • Farm animals and their role in the Indian economy
  • Animal husbandry methods in India
  • Common terms pertaining to different species of livestock
  • Utility classification of breeds of cattle.
  • Introduction to common feeds and fodders, their classification, and utility.
  • Introduction to the poultry industry in India (past, present, and future status)
  • Common terms pertaining to poultry production and management
  • The concept of mixed farming and its relevance to socio-economic conditions of farmers in India
  • Complimentary and obligatory nature of livestock and poultry production with that of agricultural farming.
Fisheries
  • Fisheries resources
  • Management and exploitation - freshwater, brackish water, and marine
  • Aquaculture- Inland and marine
  • Biotechnology
  • Post-harvest technology
  • Importance of fisheries in India
  • Common terms pertaining to fish production.
Forestry
  • Basic concepts of Forest and Forestry
  • Principles of silviculture, forest mensuration, forest management, and forest economics
  • Concepts of social forestry, agroforestry, joint forest management
  • Forest policy and legislation in India, India State of Forest Report 2015
  • Recent developments under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
Agriculture Extensions
  • Its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes
  • Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in the dissemination of Agricultural technologies.
Ecology and Climate Change
  • Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, sustainable management, and conservation
  • Causes of climate change, Green House Gases (GHG), major GHG emitting countries, climate analysis
  • Distinguish between adaptation and mitigation
  • Climate change impact on agriculture and rural livelihoods
  • Carbon credit
  • IPCC, UNFCCC, CoP meetings
  • Funding mechanisms for climate change projects
  • Initiatives by Govt of India, NAPCC, SAPCC, INDC.
Present Scenario of Indian Agriculture and Allied activities
  • Recent trends
  • Major challenges in agriculture measures to enhance
  • Viability of agriculture
    Factors of Production in agriculture
  • Agricultural Finance and Marketing
  • Impact of Globalization on Indian Agriculture and issues of Food Security
  • Concept and Types of Farm Management.

(b) Rural Development:

TopicDetails
Rural Development
  • Concept of Rural Area
  • Structure of the Indian Rural Economy
  • Importance and role of the rural sector in India
  • Economic, Social and Demographic Characteristics of the Indian rural economy
  • Causes of Rural Backwardness.
  • Rural population in India
  • Occupational structure
  • Farmers, Agricultural Laborers, Artisans, Handicrafts, Traders, Forest dwellers/tribes, and others in rural India
  • Trends of change in rural population and rural workforce
  • Problems and conditions of rural labour
  • Issues and challenges in Hand-looms
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions – Functions and Working.
  • MGNREGA, NRLM – Aajeevika, Rural Drinking water Programmes, Swachh Bharat, Rural Housing, PURA, and other rural development programs.

This one section of the preliminary exam has a vast syllabus and candidates have to prepare this while preparing for other sections as well. Therefore, the study plan must include a couple of hours every day from this section. The current affairs related to agriculture and development can help in the current affairs section of the exam as well.

Similarly, reading through the latest reports and journals of agriculture, to understand and learn about government policies, will help in reading comprehension of the English language section.

Conclusion

Like any other entrance exam, the NABARD Grade-A exam builds the same pressure and anxiety among the candidates appearing for it. However, if candidates start preparing in time with a strategy in mind and a study plan to follow, it is not difficult.

The simple answer to the vast syllabus requiring wide knowledge is consistency; consistent hours of study, a consistent timetable and consistent practice.

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Jyoti BishtJyoti BishtMember since Apr 2021
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Bhagyashree Mahajan

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Venkadesh

VenkadeshSep 7, 2021

There is no classes held on NABARD report , rural development ministry report , agri ministry report. I saw only one YouTube session but that's simply not enough.
...Read More
Bhagyashree Mahajan

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Bhagyashree Mahajan

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Bhagyashree Mahajan

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