How to file a PIL?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 5th, 2022

PIL can be filed in the following ways under the Supreme Court and High Courts:

  • Sending the Chief Justice of the appropriate Court registered letter petitions with pertinent information and supporting documentation.
  • Submitting the PIL to the court via the court's Free Legal Service Committee.
  • Submitting the case without the aid of a lawyer.
  • Using PIL companies or NGOs to file the case.

Filing a PIL (Public Interest Litigation) in India

  • A private party or the court itself files a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in court, not the aggrieved party.
  • PILs have become a potent tool for enforcing the legal commitments of the legislative and executive departments.
  • The primary objectives of PILs are to provide universal justice and advance the public's welfare.
  • It is often used to preserve group interests rather than individual interests, which are protected under Fundamental Rights.
  • PILs can be filed with the Indian Supreme Court and the High Courts.
  • The concept of PILs was inspired by judicial review authority.

Summary:

How to file a PIL?

PILs may be presented to the Supreme Court and High Courts in the following ways:

  • Mailing registered letter petitions containing necessary details and relevant supporting materials to the Chief Justice of the appropriate Court.
  • By sending the PIL to the court immediately through the Free Legal Service Committee.
  • Submitting the case without a lawyer's help.
  • Submitting the case through PIL firms or NGOs.

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