How to cover the complete syllabus of Indian Polity & Governance for IAS Exam?

By Nitin Singhal|Updated : August 24th, 2020

Indian Polity and Governance is one of the important topic for Prelims as well as Mains syllabus in UPSC IAS exam. The aspirant need to study the static portion along with Current Affairs, as the interlinkage is the current demand of the hour. This article will help those students who want to know what to study in Indian Polity for CSE. 

How to cover the complete syllabus of Indian Polity & Governance for IAS Exam?

What is Polity?

Basically, Polity is a system of government that is midway between democracy and oligarchy. This subject deals with the functioning of the various branches of government like legislature, executive, and judiciary in the country. After reading this subject, the aspirant gets an understanding of the government system and various constitutional authorities in the country.

Importance of Polity in IAS Exam

  • The subject of Indian Polity and Constitution occupies a dominant place in both the Prelims as well as Mains Examination of CSE.
  • Apart from understanding the Indian Constitution, the aspirant should also well aware about the basics of the country's political functioning which is a basic requirement to compete in the Prestigious IAS Examination. 

How to study Indian Polity and Governance for CSE?

  • First of all start with NCERT books:
    • Class 9th NCERT- Democratic Politics- 1- In this book, various definitions like Elections, Democracy, Constitution, working of institutions like Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary etc got defined.
    • Class 10th NCERT Democratic Politics-II- The contents of this book are more about the politics and some concepts that are relevant to an understanding of the Constitution
    • Class 11th NCERT Indian Constitution at Work- The aspirant should consider the reading of this book as a prerequisite to other works like M Laxmikanth (Indian Polity) and D.D. Basu (Introduction to the Constitution of India). After reading this NCERT, the aspirant would get a good idea of the fundamental aspects of the Indian Constitution.
    • Class 12th NCERT Contemporary World Politics (New) and Politics in India since Independence (New).
  • After finishing the NCERTs, go to Indian Polity M. Lakshmikanth (latest edition), but don’t read this book from start to end (only exceptions to some chapters).
  • Now, an aspirant needs to start relating the various organs of the government for example- Read President with Governor, Prime Minister with Chief Minister, Parliament with State Legislature, Supreme Court with High Court etc.
  • All other chapters like Historical Background, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, Constitutional Bodies, Non-Constitutional Bodies can be read separately.
  • For Articles, Schedules, Parts etc refer Introduction to the Indian Constitution by DD Basu or Bare Act.
  • Other sources- Yojana, Kurukshetra (for governance issues), PIB (Press Information Bureau), PRS and ARC Reports (for Mains Exam perspective) can also be referred.

Focus Areas in Indian Polity

  • Focus on important topics like
    • Preamble (Features and Swarn Singh Committee),
    • Schedule (idea about all 12 schedules,
    • Constitution (Historical Background, Salient Features),
    • Fundamental Rights and Duties,
    • Citizenship,
    • Parliament (law making process, committees),
    • Judiciary (appointment and removal of judges, functioning), and
    • Responsibilities to structure, functions, powers, and responsibilities of various institutions of administration.
  • Read all the related articles systematically and try to understand what every article is trying to say.
  • Apart from these, also go through a national daily, preferably The Hindu or The Indian Express. 
  • While reading these, pay special attention to news items and editorials that are either related to the Indian Constitution or the national as well as international political systems, in one way or the other.

How to complete the syllabus on time?

  • Make a schedule with an orderly and systematic approach which helps you to sail through the exam. 
  • On a daily basis, dedicate a consistent block of time to complete the readings. 
  • After the reading, check your learning outcomes whether you are able to answer all the questions at the end of the chapter or not. 
  • Prepare short-notes with highlighted keywords/points and relate them to a current issue in a pragmatic way.
  • Also, refer to the Previous Year Papers of both Prelims and Mains Exam. 
  • Take some sample papers and start solving questions. Identify the mistakes and rectify them on time.

How to memorize the things?

  • Read as much as you can, as it will help you to remember things in a better way.
  • Must ensure that you are preparing only to crack the UPSC exam not to master over a topic. So, read the articles which are relevant to the syllabus only.

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