How to Choose Branch in Engineering: Well after years of hard work in preparing to get a seat in the top colleges, its time for all the aspirants to get acquainted with the list of various engineering branches on offer. It’s quite a challenge to judge what engineering branch will suit you after JEE Main. It’s important that every candidate should choose his/her engineering based on their interests and future aspirations.
Given the vast number of Engineering colleges open in India nowadays, the competition for engineering jobs has become fierce. Career options for medical and art students are relatively clear, but a lot of thought goes into choosing the right branch in engineering. In fact, choosing the wrong branch might lead you to a lot of trouble, you may find yourself unable to get a job after college!
Also, it is not wise to limit your choices just on Salary Packages and Word-of-mouth – your interest and natural aptitude should not be ignored in this decision-making process. Everyone wants to choose a branch that has great “scope” in the future, and everyone has their personal favourites they want to take up but it all boils down to what branches are available to you and the quality of the College.
Tips to Choose Branch in Engineering
Here, we have discussed several parameters which students need to consider before choosing an engineering branch. These are as follows:
- Your choice needs to be aligned with your passion: You should choose such a branch of engineering which caters to your interest. If you are interested in computer programming and software, you should choose computer engineering and likewise, if your passion lies in understanding mechanics, you should opt for mechanical engineering.
- You need to look beyond the four years: You need to consider your future plans while choosing your engineering branch. There are many students who go for higher studies after completing their Bachelors in Engineering. Therefore, while choosing an engineering branch for your graduation, you must consider the future scope of studies in that particular branch. Those who are interested in the research field should opt for such a course which offers scopes for research.
- Prospective career opportunities: If you have already made up your mind that after the completion of your degree, rather than higher studies, you want to opt for a job, then you should choose such a branch of engineering which is of your interest and has ample job opportunities. You can select a core branch if you want to work in the government sector as core branches offer scopes of working in public sector enterprises.
- Attend all the counselling rounds: Before selecting an engineering field, it is essential to attend all the counselling rounds. This is because sometimes you might not get the desired college and branch in the first round of counselling. However, if you wait for the further rounds, there are chances that your choice will be upgraded, and you will finally be alloted the desired college and branch of your choice.
Job Prospects of Common Engineering Branches
One of the important factors based on which students choose the branch of engineering is the job prospect in that engineering branch. Therefore, we have compiled a list of the commonly opted engineering branches and the job prospects in each of JEE branches:
- Mechanical Engineering: This branch of engineering requires the study of the principles and techniques of designing, execution, and maintenance of different products. Sectors such as scientific research and development, automotive industry, aerospace, and machinery manufacturing employ mechanical engineers. The career prospects for a mechanical engineering student are CAD technician, maintenance engineer, automotive engineer, and control and instrumentation engineer.
- Information Technology: This branch of engineering acquaints students with the fundamental concepts of information security, computer networking, software development, and web systems. The industries which employ computer engineers are data processing and hosting, telecommunications, finance and insurance, and many others. Some of the job prospects for IT engineers are to work as a computer programmer, data designer, system administrator, network architect, quality assurance specialist, etc.
- Electronics and Communication/Telecommunication Engineering: This branch of Engineering deals with the study of integrated circuits, electronic circuits, fundamentals of communication engineering, and digital electronics. The sectors offering employment to electronics engineers are telecommunications and IT, manufacturing, quality assurance, consumer goods production, and utilities. The career prospects range from working as an electronics engineer, test and integration engineer, system control engineer, electronics and development engineer, and a telecommunication engineer.
- Computer Science Engineering: This branch of engineering provides students with knowledge of implementation and the design and management of hardware and software. Computer science engineers are in high demand as every sector requires the expertise of professionals who have knowledge of computer programming and networking. The areas offering employment to computer science engineers are product development, robotics, cybersecurity, and operating systems and networks. The career profiles include computer network architects, software developers, computer hardware engineers, mobile application developers, and IT product managers.
- Civil Engineering: Civil engineering deals with the construction, designing, and maintenance of structures such as roads, canals, dams, bridges, and buildings and their infrastructure development. There is a demand for civil engineers in the domain of energy and power, geotechnical field, construction, transport and communication sector, and coastal and marine. Civil engineers can work as consulting design engineers, site engineers, and structural engineers.
All the branches of engineering carry within themselves the potential to offer a golden career to the students, provided students work diligently. Along with the engineering branch, the institute from where the student is pursuing his/her engineering course is equally important. The institution should have good faculty with excellent placement records.
These were some of the factors to be considered by every engineering aspirant before he/she chooses an engineering branch.
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