How many types of PIL are there?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

There are two types of PIL - Representative Social Action and Citizen Social Action. PIL stands for Public interest litigation. This type of PIL allows any public member to request judicial redress for a legal wrong done to an individual or specific class of individuals who cannot approach the court due to poverty or other socioeconomic disadvantages.

Types Of PIL (Public Interest Litigation)

Representative Social Action

  • In such a scenario, the petitioner is granted locus standi to file a lawsuit on behalf of another individual.
  • These were when the court gave someone standing to file a lawsuit on behalf of a group of people when they could not do so on their own.

Citizen Social Action

  • The cases in this group mark a departure from the conventional understanding of the courts as a venue for upholding individual rights.
  • In S.P. Gupta v. Union of India (1982), the Supreme Court ruled that anyone in public with a strong enough interest could claim "a diffuse, collective, and meta-individual right."
  • In this type, a Petitioner brings a lawsuit on behalf of a public member who owns a public responsibility.
  • Because no traditional individual right exists, this form of PIL's goal is to uphold rights disseminated throughout the public to be enforced, not to increase access to justice for the poor like a Representative Social Action.

Summary:

How many types of PIL are there?

Representative Social Action and Citizen Social Action are two different forms of PIL. PIL stands for Public Interest Litigation which refers to the cases filed in the law court for the protection of the public interest. 

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