Types of Montane Forests
On the sides of mountains, there exist montane habitats. Because temperatures drop as elevation rises and the ecosystem stratifies; as a result, the alpine climate in these areas has a significant impact on the environment.
- This stratification plays a critical role in determining the plant community, biodiversity, metabolic processes, and ecosystem dynamics of montane habitats.
- Because of the mild temperatures and abundant rainfall, dense montane forests are frequent at intermediate heights.
- Higher elevations have harsher climates with lower temperatures and stronger winds, which prevent trees from growing and cause the plant community to change into alpine tundra, montane grasslands, and shrublands.
- The endemic species density is higher in highland environments because of their special climatic circumstances.
- The environmental services are provided by montane ecosystems, such as carbon storage and water supply.
How Many Types of Montane Forests are There?
Three montane forests are present in India: wet temperate forests, temperate forests, and Indian Alpine forests. Montane forests can be found at a height between 1000 to 2000 Meters in the mountains.