What Are Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
The Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People) are the two Houses that make up the Union's legislative body, known as the Parliament of India. The Parliament also comprises the President. Each House must convene within six months after its most recent meeting. In some circumstances, a joint session of both Houses may be held.
- According to the Constitution, the Rajya Sabha shall be composed of 250 members, not to exceed 238 representatives from the States and Union Territories, and 12 members to be chosen by the President from among those with special knowledge or experience in the fields of science, literature, art, and social service.
- Members of the Rajya Sabha are chosen indirectly; those representing States are chosen by elected candidates of the legislative assemblies of the States using the single transferable vote in accordance with the proportional representation system, and those repping Union Territories are chosen in accordance with the procedures that Parliament may by law specify.
- The Rajya Sabha cannot be dissolved, and a third of its members leave the office every two years.
- The Lok Sabha is made up of individuals elected through direct elections using adult suffrage as the basis. The Constitution's maximum number of members for the House is now 552.
- There are 530 members who represent the States, 20 who represent Union Territories, and a maximum of two Anglo-Indian nominees from the President if he believes that the community is underrepresented in the House.