How is jute fiber obtained from the jute plant?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Jute fiber is obtained from the jute plant's stem and outer skin (ribbon). The process of retting first extracts the fibers. It involves bundling jute stems together and dipping them in slow running water. Finally, the non-fibrous part is isolated from the bundles using the manual stripping process.

Steps of Obtaining Jute Fibre

  • Retting - Retting process means soaking it in water.

In this process, the jute plant's stem is taken and formed into bundles. These bundles are dipped in slow running water so the bundle gets wet. The bundles are placed in water at 60 cm to 100 cm depth. The process is finished within 8 - 30 days, and by separating the barks from the wood or sticking easily, the fibers are extraction ready.

The wetting process is of two variations:

  1. i) Ribbon wetting
  2. ii) Stem wetting
  • Stripping - After wetting, the process of stripping is done.

In stripping, the non-fibrous thing is removed from the bundles by hand. Most probably, women do this. Fibers are removed from the stalk using any one of the

methods :

(i) Single plants are picked, and the fibers are removed.

(ii) Handfuls of stalks are taken, and motion in the water is to and fro.

(iii) Washing of stalks at first by standing in deep water and then stripping it.

Stalk bundles are placed in the pond or slow streams in plenty of water and left for about 5-15 days. The stem bunch is held in hand with the end of roots lightly tapped using a mallet. Once the rest of the fibers are loosened, the fibers are extracted and washed.

  • Picking - After stripping, the workers pick the fibers from the mass of the stem. Jute fiber is obtained from the stem of the jute plant.

Summary:

How is jute fiber obtained from the jute plant?

The jute fiber is obtained from the jute plant using the retting, stripping, and picking process. The fiber is obtained from the stem of the jute plant. The plant or fiber that is used for making burlap, hessian, or gunny cloth is called jute plant.

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